Tinctura Cinnamomi (U. S. P.)—Tincture of Cinnamon.
Related entry: Cinnamomum.—Cinnamon
Preparation.—"Ceylon cinnamon, in No. 40 powder, one hundred grammes (100 Gm.) [3 ozs. av., 231 grs.]; glycerin, fifty cubic centimeters (50 Cc.) [1 fl℥, 332♏]; alcohol, water, each, a sufficient quantity to make one thousand cubic centimeters (1000 Cc.) [32 fl℥, 391♏]. Mix the glycerin with seven hundred and fifty cubic centimeters (750 Cc.) [25 fl℥, 173♏] of alcohol and two hundred cubic centimeters (200 Cc.) [6 fl℥, 366♏] of water. Having moistened the powder with fifty cubic centimeters (50 Cc.) [1 fl℥, 332♏] of the menstruum, pack it in a conical percolator, gradually pour on the remainder of the menstruum, and afterward more of a mixture of alcohol and water, made in the same proportions as before, and continue the percolation, until one thousand cubic centimeters (1000 Cc.) [33 fl℥, 391♏] of tincture are obtained"—(U. S. P.). This aromatic tincture is of a reddish-brown color, and sweet in taste. If made with diluted alcohol, and without the presence of glycerin, it is liable to gelatinize. This the U. S. P. has attempted to avoid by the use of glycerin and alcohol.
Action, Medical Uses, and Dosage.—Tincture of cinnamon is an aromatic astringent, and may be used in chronic diarrhoea, menorrhagia, uterine hemorrhage, and as an adjunct to other astringent solutions; 1, 2, or 4 fluid drachms, as required, may be administered for a dose, in sweetened or mucilaginous liquid.
Related Preparation.—TINCTURA AROMATICA (N. F.), Aromatic tincture. "Cinnamon (Cassia), eighty-five grammes (85 Gm.) [3 ozs. av.]; ginger, thirty-six grammes (36 Gm.) [1 oz. av., 118 grs.]; galangal root, eighteen grammes (18 Gm.) [278 grs.]; cloves, eighteen grammes (18 Gm.) [278 grs.]; cardamom, eighteen grammes (18 Gm.) [278 grs.]; alcohol, water, of each, a sufficient quantity to make one thousand cubic centimeters (1000 Cc.) [33 fl℥, 391♏]. Reduce the drugs to a moderately coarse (No. 40) powder, and percolate it, in the usual manner, with a mixture of two (2) volumes of alcohol and one (1) volume of water, until one thousand cubic centimeters (1000 Cc.) [33 fl℥, 391♏] of percolate are obtained. Note.—This preparation is practically identical with that which is official in the German Pharmacopoeia. Galangal is the root of Alpinia officinarum, Hance"—(Nat. Form.). This tincture maybe used for its stimulant and carminative effects in flatulence, etc.
King's American Dispensatory, 1898, was written by Harvey Wickes Felter, M.D., and John Uri Lloyd, Phr. M., Ph. D.