APIUM GRAVEOLENS, L. Cellery. Much cultivated. When bleached a good pot herb; root, petioles, and leaves are excellent in soups, ragouts, fried, &c. They are stomachic, excite appetite, correct the alkalescence of meat and fish. Very useful in obstructions and liver complaints. When eaten raw less healthy, impairing digestion, but correcting fetid breath.
APIUM PETROSELINUM, L. Common Parsley. Cultivated for condiment and very medical. Diuretic and sudorific, the root chiefly so, and with an agreeable sweetish taste. In decoction, it increases urine, cures the suppression and strangury, gives relief in nephritic pains, better still if united to mallow and water mellon seeds. The leaves are pungent aromatic, they give a good flavor to soups, and keep the kidneys in good order. It is said that given to sheep, they prevent and cure the rot. They are injurious in nervous disorders and epilepsy. The seeds have been used in syphilis.
Medical Flora, or Manual of the Medical Botany of the United States of North America, Vol. 2, 1830, was written by C. S. Rafinesque.