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Critical table of the principal authors and works consulted.

  • ADANSON families of plants. Paris.
  • AITON, hortus kewensis—had many new American plants.
  • AMERICAN PHARMACOPEIA, or rather of the United States.
  • ATLEE, Dissertation on Monarda punctata. Fig.
  • B. BARTON, collections towards a Materia Medica of the United States. Phil. 1798, and Suplt. 1804—many medical plants and properties indicated, no descriptions nor figures.
  • W. BARTON, 1. Vegetable Materia Medica of the United States. Phil. 2 vols. 4to. 50 fig.
    —2. Flora of North America, 3 vols. 4to. 106 fig.—Another costly work mentioning about 1 plant in 40 of N. Amer. Descriptions short and flimsy.
  • BARTRAM—Travels in Florida and the Southern States. Phila.
  • BECK, plants of Missouri, in Silliman's Journal.
  • BIGELOW, 1. American Medical Botany, 3 vols. 4to. Boston, 1817, &c.
    —2. Sequel to the American Pharmacopeia, 1 vol. 8vo. 1822.
    —3. Florida Bostoniensis, 1 vol. 8vo.—deficient in species and descriptions.
  • BRICKELL, Essay on the plants of Georgia and N. Carolina.
  • BURSON, Dissertation on 7 medical plants.
  • CADET, Materia Medica Veget. Guyamensis, 1816.
  • CARVER, Travels in North America.
  • CARPENTER, on Cinchonas, &c.
  • CHAPMAN, Materia Medica. Philad.—mentions some American plants.
  • CHABLEVOIX, useful plants of Canada, with figures.
  • CLAYTON, Flora Virginica, with medical indications.
  • COELN, Specifica Canadensis, in Amenit. Acad.
  • COLDEN, useful plants of New York.
  • CORNET, Plants of Canada, in Latin and French.
  • COXE, American Dispensatory, 7th Edit. Philad. 1827.—useful compilation, few original indications on plants.
  • CULLEN, Materia Medica, Amer. Ed. Philad.
  • CUTLER, Plants of New England, rude attempt, many botanical mistakes, some medical indications.
  • DECANDOLLE. 1. French Flora.
    —2. Species Plantanum.
    —3. Sinopsis pl.
    —4. Theory of Botany
    — 5. Medical Natural Families, &c.—All classical works, following and improving the natural method, the species pl. is not yet completed.
  • DICTIONAIRE des Sciences Medicales. Paris.
  • DISPENSARIES, or American Edition of European Dispensatories.
  • DISSERTATIONS on Medical Plants, Inaugural and others, by Shultz, Eberle, Tully, Mead, Atlee, Cogswell, Burson, Watkins, Dupuy, Horsefield, Macbride, Mease, &c. &c.
  • DRAKE, Picture of Cincinnati with a list of medical plants.
  • DRAYTON, View of South Carolina, with ditto.
  • DUMONT-COURSET, Botaniste Cultivateur, 7 vols. 8vo. Paris, 1816.
  • DUNCAN, Amer. Ed. of New Edinburg Dispensatory.
  • DUHAMEL, Arbres et Arbustes. Paris.
  • EATON, Manual of the Botany of the Northern and Middle States, 4th Ed. Albany, 1824—A popular elementary work, as good as a Flora.
  • ELEMENTS of Botany, by B. Barton, Wildenow, Necker, Mirbel, Scopoli, Sprengel, Link, Sumner, Smith, Lea, Thornton, Locke, Nuttal, Decandolle, Richard, &c.—the best are by Decandolle, Sprengel, Wildenow, Mirbel, and Necker.
  • ELLIOTT, Sketch of the Botany of Carolina and Georgia, 3 vols. 8vo. Charleston, 1818 to 1822.—Under that modest title, we have the best Flora of the Southern States, full of New Species, good descriptions and with several medical indications.
  • GARDEN, Observations on the plants of Carolina.
  • GRONOVIUS, Flora Virginica from Clayton's.
  • HENRY, Medical herbal, 1 vol. 8vo. New York, 1814.—Emperical, erroneous in names, descriptions, facts and figures, some medical facts, and local names.
  • HUNTER, Narrative, 1 vol. 8vo. Philad. 1824.—Another impostor, he has given a list of western medical plants with Osage names, not to be depended upon nor ascertained.
  • INAUGURAL Theses of Medical Students, some on medical plants with experiments.
  • A. IVES, Amer. Ed. of Paris Pharmacology, 2 vols. 8vo. New York, 1825.—Many medical plants introduced.
  • E. IVES, Tracts and Observations in Journals.
  • JOURNALS, Many Medical and Scientific, Med. Repository, Med. Recorder, Med. Register, Med. Museum, New Eng. Med. Journal, Silliman's Journal, Philad. Journal of Med., B. Barton's Journal, &c.
  • JUSSIEU, Genera phantarum. Paris, 1789.
  • KALM, Travels in North America.
  • LAMARK, Dictionary of Botany, &c.
  • LAURENCE, Catalogue of Medical Plants, cultivated at the Medical Garden of New Lebanon, New York.
  • LEWIS and CLARKE, Travels to the Pacific Ocean.
  • LINNAEUS, 1. Philosophy of Botany.
    —2. Genera Plantarum.
    —3. Species Plantarum.
    —4. Materia Medica.
    —5. Amenitates Academica, &c.
    —6. Systema Vegetabilium, &c.—All classical works.
  • MACBRIDE, Medical remarks in Elliott's Flora.
  • MARSHALL, American Grove. Philad. 1785.
  • MEASE, Medical Tracts and Dissertations.
  • MICHAUX, Flora boreali Americana, 2 vols. 8vo. Paris, 1803.—Edited by Richard, incomplete, some figures.
  • MICHAUX, Junior, American Sylva, 3 vols. 8vo. Paris.—Good work; but many trees are omitted.
  • MITCHILL, Many Tracts and Dissert, in Med. Repository, &c.
  • MUHLENBERG, 1. Catalogue of Amer. Plants.
    —2. Graminea.
    —3. Florula Lancastriensis.
    —4. New plants communicated to Wildenow.
  • MURBAT, Amer. Ed. of his Materia Medica.
  • NUTTALL, 1. Genera of North American Plants, 2 vols. 12mo. Philad. 1819. Good botanical work.
    —2. Elements of Botany. 1 vol. Bost. 1827 unworthy of him, not keeping pace with actual knowledge.
  • PERSOON, Sinopsis Plantarum, 2 vols. Paris, 1805 & 7.—Excellent manual.
  • PEYRILHE, Medical Natural History in French, 2 vols. 8vo. 1805.—Excellent work and plan, including the officinal plants.
  • PHARMACOPEIAS of London, Dublin, Edinburg, Paris, America, Thatcher, Coxe, Dr. Paris, &c.
  • PURSH, Flora Americ. Septentr. 2 vols. 8vo. Lond. 1815;—good, but many oversights, classical, till a better Flora is given; has some figures and medical indications.
  • RAFINESQUE, 1. New Gen. &. Sp. of Amer, plants, and remarks on Amer. and Naturalized plants, in Med. Repository, N. York, 1808.
    —2. Precis des Decouvertes Pal. 1814.
    —3. Principles of Somiology Pal. 1814.
    —4 Encycl. Journal of Sicily, 1814.
    —5. Analysis of Nature, 1815.
    —6. Florula of Louisiana. N.York, 1817.
    —7. Florula Kentuckensis, 1825.
    —8. Many Tracts and Dissertations, &c.
  • ROBIN, Travels in Louisiana, 3 vols. 8vo. in French, with an Account of the Plants at the end.
  • ROMER, Systema Segetabilium, Zurich, 1818.
  • SALISBURY, Tracts and Botanical Dissertations.
  • SCHOEPF, Materia Medica Americana potissimum regni vegetabilis, Erlang, 1787.—Classical on our Materia Medica.
  • SCOPOLI, Materia Medica, and Botanical works.
  • Peter SMITH, the Indian Doctor, Dispensary, Cincinnati, 1813. A guide for Empirics, some medical facts; but it is difficult to ascertain to what species they apply, no descriptions nor figures, nor correct names are given.
  • SWEDIAUR, Materia Medica, Paris, &c. in Latin.
  • THATCHER, Pharmacopeia,—the first to introduce many new medical plants.
  • Samuel THOMPSON, New Guide to Health. Boston, 1825.—An Empiric who has introduced some efficient plants in practice. No descriptions nor figures, names local.
  • TORRET, 1. Flora of the Northern and Middle States, 1st vol. N. Y.
    —2. Compendium of the same, including all the Species to Cryptogamia, N. Y. 1826.
    —3. Many Botanical Tracts.—An accurate writer; classical works.
  • TULLY, Medical Tracts in Journals, &c.
  • VITMAN, Summa plantarum, 6 vols. 8vo. Milan, 1789.
  • WAITER, Flora Caroliniana, 1789—only a florula.
  • WILDENOW, Species plantarum.—Laborious heavy work on the linnaean plan, carried as far as the Ferns.
  • WOODVILLE, Medical Botany, in 4 vols. 4to. with coloured figures, London.—Expensive work, noticing about one tenth of the medical plants known.
  • ZOLLICKOFFER, Materia Medica of the United States. Balt. 1826. No descriptions, and many errors.

Additions and corrections

Other Works Consulted

ALIBERT, Matiere Medicale. Paris.
CATESBY, Animals and plants of Carolina, &c. fig.
DANCER, Medical assistant, and Med. plants of Jamaica. Kingston, 1801.
DUNCAN read DYCKMAN.
EBERLE, Materia Medica. Phil. 1824, 2 Vol.
FLEMING, Medicinal plants of Bengal and Hindostan. Calcutta, 1810.


Medical Flora, or Manual of the Medical Botany of the United States of North America, 1828, was written by C. S. Rafinesque.



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