395. Angelica Atropurpurea.—American Angelica. 396. Angelica.—Garden Angelica.
395. ANGELICA ATROPURPUREA.—AMERICAN ANGELICA. (Root.) This highly aromatic root was official in the U.S.P., 1860-70. It is similar to
396. ANGELICA, A. OFFICINALIS.—EUROPEAN OR GARDEN ANGELICA. (Root.) The aroma is due to a fragrant volatile oil. Also contains angelic acid (also found in sumbul), which has an action on the nerves. Description: Rootstock 5 to 10 cm. (2 to 4 in.) long, 2.5 to 5 cm. ( ½ in.) thick, crowned with remnants of leaf-bases, rather thick bark, curved yellowish, porous wood-wedges, a whitish pith, spongy, especially in root-branches, radiating lines of large resin-ducts in the bark, bast rays destitute of bast fibers. Aromatic stimulant, stomachic, and carminative. Dose: 30 to 60 gr. (2 to 4 Gm.).
Angelica Fructus, the ripe fruits of Angelica Archangelica, Linné, and Angelica Radix, the rhizome and roots of Angelica Atropurpurea, Linné, are recognized in the National Formulary.