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Passiflora.

Passiflora alata Ait. Passifloraceae. Passion Flowers.

Peru. A plant of climbing habit, grown in greenhouses for its flowers. The fruit is edible.

Passiflora bounapartea Baxt.

Tropical Africa. This species is cultivated in greenhouses for its beautiful red, white and blue flowers. The fruit is edible.

Passiflora caerulea Linn. Blue Passion Flower.

Brazil. The fruit is egg-shaped, the size of a Mogul plum and yellow when ripe. It is cultivated in the gardens of Egypt.

Passiflora coccinea Aubl.

Guiana. The aril of the fruit is edible.

Passiflora edulis Sims.

Brazil and the West Indies. The pulp of the fruit is orange-colored, the taste acid and the flavor somewhat like that of an orange. The fruit in India is the size of an egg, green at first but, when ripe, is of a beautiful plum color and of an agreeable and and cooling taste.

Passiflora filamentosa Cav.

South America. It has edible fruit.

Passiflora foetida Linn. Love-In-A-Mist. Wild Water Lemon.

Brazil and Jamaica. The fruit is yellow, enclosed in a netted calyx and has a pleasant smell; though all the other parts of the plant have a disagreeable odor when touched.

The fruit is about the size of a Golden Pippin apple, white within, membranous and contains numerous seeds involved in an agreeable, sweet-acid pulp.

Passiflora herbertiana Bot. Reg.

Australia. According to Fraser, in New Holland the oval fruit is produced in great quantities and affords a grateful flavor.

Passiflora incarnata Linn. Maypops.

Subtropical America from Virginia to Kentucky and southward. It has been cultivated by the Indians from early times. This is the maracock observed by Strachey on the James River, "of the bigness of a green apple, and hath manie azurine or blew kernells, like as a pomegranat, a good sommer cooling fruit."

Passiflora laurifolia Linn. Water Lemon.

Tropical America. In Jamaica, the fruit is much esteemed, says Lunan, being very delicate. It is the size of an egg and full of a very agreeable, gelatinous pulp in which the seeds are lodged. Titford says the fruit is very good.

Passiflora ligularis A. Juss.

Tropical America. The fruit is edible.

Passiflora lutea Linn.

West Indies. The plant bears edible fruit.

Passiflora macrocarpa Mast. Passion Flower.

Rio Negro region of South America and cultivated in greenhouses for its large flowers. The fruits are very large, sometimes weighing as much as eight pounds. The fleshy aril attached to the seeds or the juicy pulp is the part eaten.

Passiflora maliformis Linn. Conch Apple. Conch Nut. Sweet Calabash. Water Lemon.

West Indies. The fruit is round, smooth, about two inches in diameter, of a dingy color when ripe. It has a pale yellow, agreeable, gelatinous pulp, which is eaten with wine and sugar.

Passiflora quadrangularis Linn. Granadilla.

Tropical America. The fruit is of an oval shape and of various sizes from that of a goose egg to a middling-sized muskmelon; it is of a greenish-yellow color, having a spongy rind about a finger in thickness, which becomes soft as the fruit ripens, contains a succulent pulp of a water color and sweet smell, is of a very agreeable, pleasant, sweet-acid taste and contains a multitude of black seeds, which are eaten with the pulp. Titford says it is delicious. The granadilla is cultivated in tropical America and in India and is grown in conservatories for its flowers. If fruit be wanted, the flowers must be artifically fertilized.

Passiflora serrata Linn.

Mauritius. It has edible fruit.


Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World, 1919, was edited by U. P. Hedrick.



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