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Culilawan

Botanical name:

Culilawan. Cortex Culilaban.—An aromatic bark, produced by Cinnamomum Culilawan, Blume (Laurus Culilawan. L.), (Fam. Lauracecae), a tree of considerable size, growing in the Molucca Islands, Cochin-China, and other parts of the East. It is usually in flat or slightly quilled pieces, 5 to 10 cm. long, 2.5 to 3.5 cm. wide, and 2 to 4 mm. thick. Sometimes the bark is thinner and more quilled, bearing considerable resemblance to cinnamon. The periderm is for the most part removed, but when present is of a light brownish-gray color, soft to the touch, and somewhat spongy. The color of the bark itself is a dull, dark, cinnamon brown, the odor highly fragrant, the taste agreeable, aromatic, and not unlike that of cloves. The active constituent is a volatile oil, smelling like a mixture of the oils of cajuput and cloves. Culilawan has the medicinal properties of the aromatics, but is rarely used. (See Cortex Caryophyllata.)


The Dispensatory of the United States of America, 1918, was edited by Joseph P. Remington, Horatio C. Wood and others.



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