iV. Gerard will have it to be a kind of Sweet Willi arris, and fays, it has many broad Leaves lifo the Sweet Williams, but short er, Jet upon α β if and brittle Stalk, from the bofom of which Leaves spring forth smaller Branches, chthed with the like \.eaves, but much less : the Flowers grow at top of the Stalks, many together, Tuft Jafhion, of a bright red color. The whole Plant is poffeffed of a ViJcouJ-ness, or Clammy ness, like the other Kinds, but in a lejs proportion.
V. The second has a Root small and fibrous, from whence come forth many "Leaves lying upon the ground, which are thick, fat, and hoary, white, somewhat like to the Leaves of the yellow Auriculi Urii, Bears Ears, or French Cowslips, smooth on the edges, and a little pointed, which do so abide the first Tear of the springing : the Stalk rises up the next Tear to the height if three or four Feet, with two Leaves at each Joint, and fpreading on both sides into Branches from the ground, winch are Viscous, Glutinous and Clammy, causing every light or small thing to cleave thereto, as Flies, PiJmires, Down, Straws, &c. at the tops whereof, and at the Joints next below them come forth many flowers together, fan ling in Cluflers, but very small, whose small Husks contain every one of them a small greenish yellow Flower, parted in two at the broad end : the Seed is small and blackish in the Husks, and generally Sows it self.
VI. The third, which /xGerardV first, and by him called Vifcaria 0/-Lime-wort, and which he will have to be of the Stock and Kindred of Wild Gillifiowers, ( notwithflanding Clusius has joined it with the Wild Campions, and Lobel among the Sweet Williams ) has a Root ιώίώ is large, with many Fibres, from whence spring many Leaves like those of the Crow-flower, or Wild Sweet William, among which rise up many reddish Stalks, with Knees or Joints at certain Spaces, set with Leaves by couples one against another, at the Top of which come forth fine Red flowers, lliey being past, there comes in place small blackish Seed. The whole Plant, as well Leaves and Stalks as Flowers, are in most places overfpread with a very thick and viscous or clammy matter, like to Bird-lime, which if you touch or take on your Fingers, the vifcoufness is fuch, that your lingers will stick and cleave together, as if you had touched Bird-lime. If Flies also do light upon it,
■ hey villi be so int angled therewith, that they cannot
Hie away, Jo that in some hot Days you may see many Flies caught thereby, from whence came the names Catch-Hie or Lime-wort.
VII. The fourth, or Narrow-leavM Catch-flie has a Root thick and black, with many Fibres, putting up new Shoots and Stalks after the first Tear and not dying every Year, as the two last described: From this comes forth one btalk a foot, or more, high, pf a green, purplish color : But Parkinson fay), thai the Root sends forth divers long and narrow dark green Leaves, lying upon the ground, pointed at the ends somewhat rough or rugged, and not fully smooth, as many of the other sorts are; and from among these Leaves, there springs up one Stalk, and sometimes two or three, brown of color, and two or three feet high, having two small Ldtves set at their Joints, but much separate one from another, and which will be clammy like the other in the hot Summer time : Irom the middle to the top of the Stalk grow little Branches, which upon pretty long Footstalks bear flowers, every Stalk one Flower by it self, consisting of five little round Leaves, yet divided in the middle at the tops. These Flowers are of a lively deep red color, almost like the Single Red Rose Campion, but with a paler red Circle at bottom, set in green Husks, smaller at bottom and larger at head, in which ( after the Flowers are past ) there grows small Seed, and of a brownish color.
VIII. The Places. These Plants, foysGerard, grow wild in the Welt of England, among Corn: But they are also Nursed up in Gardens, merely for plea-furc fake, more than for any Virtues they are hitherto known to polfefs.
IX. The Times. They flourish and flower in the Summer Months * and they last not until near the Winter Seafon and their Seed ripens in the mean while.
X. As to their Qualities, Specification, Preparations and Virtues, they may be referr'd, says Parkinson, to those of the other Wild Campions, where-unto they are likeft in face, and outward appearance. But Gerard says, the Virtues of these Wild Williams are to be referred to the Wild Pinks and Gillifiowers.
chap. cxiil Of cats-tail.
1. 'tp Η ε Names. It is called in Greek, Ίνψη: In
X Latin, Typha, and by some Ccftrum Morto-ms, as Dodonaus faith; by some Typha aquatica, or Paluftris, to put a difference between it, and that kind of Typha which is among Corn, called Typhe Cerealis : and English it is called Cats-tail, from its soft downiness, and Reed Mace.
II. The Kinds. Authors lay it is a mean between the Rujhes and the Reeds; and is threefold, 1. Ty-pha^ maxima. The greater, or greatest Cats-tail.
2. Typha minor, The lefTer Cats-tail. 3. Typha minima, The least Cats-taiL
III. The Descriptions. The first of these has a Root which is white, somewhat thick, hard, knobby, jointed, fpreading much in the Water, full of many long Fibres, and sweet in Taste, if it is chewed-, of good use to bum, where there is plenty of it: From this Root fhoots forth several very long, soft ^nd narrow Leaves, pointed at the Essds, in a manner three square, because the middle on the back side # great, and flicks much out. Among which Leaves rise up divers smooth, round, and taper Stalks, sfuffed
This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.