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Urtica dioica

Urtica dioica

Urtica dioica L. Engl.: common nettle, greater nettle, common stinging nettle, great stinging nettle, nettle, stinging nettle. Deu.: Grosse Brennessel, Brennessel. Suom.: isonokkonen, etelännokkonen, nokkonen. Sven.: brännässla, vanlig brännässla. Fran.: ortie, grande ortie, ortie dioïque, ortie élevée, ortie piquante. Ital.: ortica. Bot. syn.: Urtica californica Greene, Urtica cardiophylla Rydb., Urtica galeopsifolia Wierzb. ex Opiz, Urtica gracilis Ait., Urtica lyallii S. Wats., Urtica major H. P. Fuchs, Urtica procera Muhl. ex Willd., Urtica serra auct. non Blume, Urtica strigossima Rydb., Urtica viridis Rydb.

Photo: Urtica dioica 19.

Taxonomy extra:
Branch, covered in frost. Annala, Helsinki, Finland. Planted. 2003-10-15.

Photo: Urtica dioica 17.

Taxonomy extra:
Young shoots of both stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) and white deadnettle (Lamium album). People say they can tell them apart, but I've seen experienced people pick the wrong one ... no biggie, but they do different things. Annala, Helsinki, Finland. Wild. 2003-10-09.

Photo: Urtica dioica sond.

Plant in flower. This subspecies has next to no itchy hairs. Helsinki bot.g. (Kaisan.), Finland. Planted. 2003-06-24.

Photo: Urtica dioica sond 2.

Stem and leaf. Note the lack of hairs. Helsinki bot.g. (Kaisan.), Finland. Planted. 2003-06-24.

Photo: Urtica dioica sond 1.

Flowering tops. Helsinki bot.g. (Kaisan.), Finland. Planted. 2003-06-24.

Photo: Urtica dioica 14.

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Young nettles. Annala, Helsinki, Finland. Planted. 2003-05-13.

Photo: Urtica dioica 13.

Taxonomy extra:
Young nettles, planted for the gardens' needs of fertilizing nettle water (yech, the smell!). Annala, Helsinki, Finland. Planted. 2003-05-13.

Photo: Urtica dioica 12.

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Plants in spring. Korkeasaari, Helsinki, Finland. Wild. 2002-06-24.

Photo: Urtica dioica 11.

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Plants in spring. Yum! Korkeasaari, Helsinki, Finland. Wild. 2002-06-24.

Photo: Urtica dioica 10.

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Plant in seed. They're ripe now, they're hanging down - get picking! Perheniemi, Finland. Wild. 2001-09-05.

Photo: Urtica dioica 8.

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Nettles in seed. MTT Karila research station, Mikkeli, Finland. Planted. 2001-08-13.

Photo: Urtica dioica 7.

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Nettles in cultivation, for fiber production. MTT Karila research station, Mikkeli, Finland. Planted. 2001-08-13.

Photo: Urtica dioica 6.

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Nettles in cultivation; these are for fiber production, but I got lots of seeds from this stand. MTT Karila research station, Mikkeli, Finland. Planted. 2001-08-13.

Photo: Urtica dioica 15.

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Root, on large brown paper bags. Porvoo, Finland. Picked. 1999-10-01.

Photo: Urtica dioica 5.

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Fresh leaf, Boiled leaf, and chopped-up boiled leaf. Helsinki, Finland. Processed. 1999-06-01.

Photo: Urtica dioica 4.

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Spring growth. They're still too small to pick - you get more faster if you wait until they're 20-30 cm (8-10") tall. Maunula, Helsinki, Finland. Wild. 1999-05-15.

Photo: Urtica dioica.

Taxonomy extra:
Large stand. _The_ culinary herb, and a great medicinal plant, too. Stings, but we all need some defense. Lots of trace minerals. Diuretic. Get the seeds, dry them, use them one spoonful each day to keep the doctor away. Liljendal, Finland. Wild. 1993-06-01.

Photo: Urtica dioica 3.

Taxonomy extra:
Top with flowerbuds. Liljendal, Finland. Wild. 1993-06-01.

Photo: Urtica dioica 1.

Taxonomy extra:
Plant. Liljendal, Finland. Wild. 1993-06-01.

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