Elettaria cardamomum.

Botanical name: 

Elettaria cardamomum Maton. Scitamineae. Ceylon Cardamom.

East Indies. From time immemorial, great numbers of the natives have derived a livelihood from the cultivation of this plant. The fruit is used as an aromatic in medicine throughout the East Indies and is largely consumed as a condiment. It furnishes the Ceylon cardamom and the large cardamom of Guibourt mentioned in his history of drugs. It is cultivated in Crete.

Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World, 1919, was edited by U. P. Hedrick.