This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
crfive feet high, seldom higher ; nearly two Inches thick, having very few Branches, fometimes. none at all -, "from which Stalk and Branches ( where there is any ) spring forth pretty large Leaves, smooth and even, little or nothing indented about the edges, longer and broader than the Leaves of Nightjbade, or Mad Apples : from the Bottoms or foot-ftalks of the Leaves spring forth long Toothed Cups, out of which come the flowers, great, white, and of the form of a Bell, or the flowers of the great Bindweed, but greater and wider at Alouth, and sharp cornered at the Brims, like the former, which contain white Chives or Threads in we midft, of a strong Vontick Savour, offending the Head wlvn it isfmel-led to : IVhen the flower is gone, the fruit comes sorth, of the bigness of a small Walnut with the green on-, this fruit is full of Prickles-, within the Shell are a great number of Seeds, of the bigness of small Tares, or Seeds of Mandrakes, and of the same form. The whole Herb is of a strong Savour ·, and smelling to it causes Drowftness.
V. The Places. The, First was brought from Constantinople, and now grows with us plentifully in our Gardens-, it also grows Wild and very plentifully in the South Carolina. The latter was found growing in the Mountains of Peru, from whence the Seed was fent to Alanardus in Spain: and from thence it was. conveyed unto other parts of Europe -, and now it is nouriihed up in some of our Gardens in England.
V. The Times. The first may be fown in March or April, and it brings forth ripe Seed in September, Flowering in the Summer Months: The latter is ibwn in a hot Bed of Horse Dung, as we do Cucumbers and Musk-Melons. Authors say, of both these sorts, there is a greater and a leiTer Kind, and that the greater Kinds are plentiful enough in our Gardens, and will abide and give with us ripe Seed: ,but the lefler Kinds are very rare, because they seldom come to maturity, and so we are every Year to leek for new Seed.
VII. The Qualities. These Plants are said to be cold and moist in the fourth Degree: and to be Re percussive, Narcotick, or Stupefactive, and Vulnerary : and are by appropriation, Cephalick, Hysterick and Arthritick, and operate only as Alteratives by their cold and moist property.
VIII. The Specification. Manardus lays, that the Indians commend these Plants for provoking Urine, and expelling Sand and Gravel from the Reins and Bladder: and by Gerard's account, it is a famous Wound Herb outwardly used.
IX. The Preparations. There are taken from it, I. The Seed. 2. The Juice. 3. An Essence from the lame. 4. An Oil. An Ointment. 6. A Cerote or Emplafter. 7. A Cataplasm.
X. The Seed. It is of great Estimation in the Indies, both by the Spaniards and Indians themselves, in that it provoks Urine, and expels Gravel and the Stone both in the Reins and Bladder, for which it is most commended: it is laid to break the Stone in the Bladder if it is not too hard and inveterate, or may by any medicine be dissolved ^ of which there has been many proofs, as Alanardus fdys, has been declared to. his gteat admiration; For, as he fays, he £ld "2**"* that the Stone in the Bladder could be ddiolvedand expelled by any means whatsoever and that the Cure thereof consisted only in Cutting itom by a skillful hand: but it was said of this ^ that being taken in any Fit and convenient
X,^ that purpofe, that it would by little and little difioive the Stons mxo final! Crave! s which
after it is expell'd, or dtiven forrh, would again stick together and Grow into a hard Stone.
XI. The Juice of the Herb. It is singular good to bath with in all Sorts of hot Incarnations and an Erysipilas, by laying Cloths dipt in the Juice upon the lame, and often repeating the Application.
XII. The Essence of the Juice, Dropt into the Eye, it allays the Inflamation thereof and removes hot and iharp Rheums : Injected up the Womb it is good against the continual running of the Whites, itrengthens the Part, and cools any Inflamation of the lame, or of the Secrets: it also is good against all sorts of Inflamations in Wounds and Ulcers.
XIII. The Oil-, made by boiling the bruised Herb in it till it is'criip, is good against all sorts of Inflamations, Burnings and Scaldings, and gives ease in a hot Gout, and Pains and Aches, in the Head chiefly, proceeding from a hot Caoie and Humor.
XIV. The Ointment, made of the/jwtYorbruiled Herb, boiled to cnfpnels, and twice or thrice repeated, in Hogs Lard, and then prefled sorth, cures all Inflamations whatsoever, and heals all manner of Burnings and Scald ings,whether of Fire, Water, Oil melted Lead, Gun-Powder or Lightning, and that in a very short time: This was proved upon a Merchants Wife at Colchefter, who .(after the use of many other things in vain, and when all hopes were past) being grievoufty Burned was herewith perfectly cured.
XV. The Emplaster. It is made of the bruised Herb, boiled in Oil Olive to crifpness, and prefled sorth, and three times repeated, and then brought to a body with Turpentine, Rofin and Wax, of each a sufficient quantity. It cures malign Ulcers, and Apofterns, helps a hot Gout, and prevails a-gainft fresh and Green Wounds, and old Sores and running Ulcers, especially upon the Glandulous parts of the Yard, and other places where they are hard of Cure.
XVI. The Cataphfm. It is good against Recent Bruifes especially upon a bony part, to allay Inflamations, and ease the Gout arid other Pains proceeding from a hot Cause.
Of Red Archangel.
THE Nmes. It is called in Greek, Aafrt mwfyw., In Latin, Lamium purpureum, JJrtiaa iners purpurea, Urttca mortua rubra: In English, Red Archangel, or Red Dead Nettle.
II. The Kinds. It is twofold, 1. The Sweet, called simply Lamium purpureum. 2. Stinking,. τλ\Ί<>4«, Γ*λί·4^, ΓΛλΐβ£«Γολ© .· And in Latin, Lamium fatidum, Urtica iners fietida, Vrtica mortua fse-t'tda, Vrtica Labeo, ft inking Dead Nettle or Hedg Nettle. And of this ranking kind there are divers iorts, as 1. Galeop/is vera, The true ftinking Dead Nettle, or Hedg Netle. 2. Galeop/is altera pallida, pale ftinking Dead Nettle. 3. Galeopsis altera inca-na, Hoary stinking Dead Nettle. 4. Galeopfis lute λ Dalechampij, Yellow ftinking Dead Nettle.
III. The Description. 1. The Sweet kind. It has a Root small and thready, perrishing every fear^ from whence rises divers hollow fquare Stalks, fome-what Hairy, with Joynts at a good diftance, one from another, and also two fad green heaves, dented about the edges, set oppofite onet to another, the lower most upon long Foot-StaMs? bui without tiny towards the