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00107

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


grow dwers small gray φ green Leaves, two always set together at a Joint, resembling much the former, or those of the Stone Basil, but smaller, shorter, and fuller of Juice, not dented about the edges at all, and almost like to Mother of Time, or the smaller Garden Basil, called Basil Gentle, having an excellent sweet Scent, but not Heady : from the middle of the Branches up to the Tops, grow the flowers in Rundles or Spaces about the Stalks, being very like to the former just now described, but sf a more blewijh purple colour, with a White Eye, or Circle in every Flower, which being past, there comes three or four small Seeds, like the first in the Husks where the Flowers flood, which fall and rise again every Tear of their own Sowing.

V. The third Kind hat a bushy Root with many Fibrous Strings like the former, from whence rises up four, five, or mure, four square hard Woody Stalks, divided into many Branches, covered with a soft white hairy ness, two foot long, or longer, not growing upright, but trailing in some meafure upon the Ground: the Leaves grow upon short Foot-stalks, by couples, of a light green colour, somewhat like the Leaves of Basil, or rather Bawm, about three quarters of an inch broad, and not fully an Inch long, a little sharp pointed, and lightly notched about the edges, covered also with a light soft hoariness, of a very sweet smell, not much inferiour to Garden Marjoram, of a hot biting Taste : out of their Bofoms grow other smaller Leaves, or else Branches : the Flowers also grow out of the Bofoms of the Leaves, towards the Tops of the Stalks and Branches, not in Whorls or Rounds, like Acinos, or Stone Basil, but having one little short Foot-ftalk, on which is placed three, four, or more, small Flowars, gaping open, and divided into four unequal parts at the top, like the Flowers of Basil, and very near of the likeness and bigness of the Plowers of Garden Marjoram, but of a pale blewish colour, tending towards a purple, after which come the Seed Vessels, which contain small roundish blackish.Seed.

VI. The Places^ The first grows commonly in the borders of Fields, and. among Com it self, as at Sutton in Kent, not far from Dartmouth 5 at Then ford in Norfolk, and in divers other Dry, Sandy, and Untiiled Grounds. The second grows Wild in Kent in divers places, where Clusius lays he found it, also in several other parts of England; Gerard lays he found it a little oa this side Tom frail in Tork-shire, and fince by Dartford in Kent, and in the life of Thanet: he says it is brought to our London Markets, and is called by the Herb Women Poly-mountain. The third grows Wild in hot Countreys, but with us in Gardens, and is often found amongft Sweet Marjoram.

VII. The Time^s τ he two first Flower in June and July gradually, and their Seed is ripe in July and August : The third Flowers in July and August, and its seed is ripe in August and September.

VIII. The Qualities. They are all of a nature, hot and dry in the end of the second, or beginning of the third Degree : they are also, Attenuating, Inciding, Opening, Carminative, Difcuifive, resolutive, Vulnerary and Anodine 5 Cephalick, Neurotick, Stomatick, Cardiack, Hysterick, and Arthritick; and powerful Alexipharmicks and Emmenagogicks.

IX. The Specification. The Field Basil has been experimented against Convulsions, Cramps, and Neurotick Distempers. Acinos or Englifi Wild Basil is approved for Stopping Fluxes : and the Broad Leav'd sweet Scented Wild Basil is good to facilitate the delivery.

X. The Preparations. The Shops keep nothing of them · but you may prepare, 1. An Inspissate Juice of the Acinos. 1. A Spirit from the first and third. 3. A Spirituous Tincture. 4. An Oily Tincture. A Saline Tincture. 6. A Balsam or Oil of the first.

The Virtues.

XI. Antnfpifiate Juice of the Acinos. Being given to a dram in Red Wine, it stops all sorts of Fluxes of the Belly, arid Fluxes of the Terms ·, and

diiiblved,


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