fed with a white Pith, and not hollow, near a Mans \ height, with Joints and Leaves on them, Jrom the lower part upwards a good way, but bare and naked from thence to the top, where they have small, long, and round heads, flyewing forth at fir β some yel-lowijh flowers, which being pall, the Torch-head or Spike grows greater, and confijls wholly of a Downy fubflance, ef a blackish brown, and Jometimes of a rcddifo brown color on the out side, and whitijh within ; somewhat Jolid or we'xghty, which yet is in time blown away with the Wind.


IV. The second differs nothing from the former, but in this, that it grows not so high, nor great, the heads being jilfo less than them of the former.

V. The third differs not from the Jecond, but in being smaller than it, in both Leaf an I Stalk, which are more hard and rough \ and in the head or top, which in some places bears a smaller J'pike above, the lower being greater, zvith a small distance between them, and a Jmall Leaf at bottom of it.

VI. The Places. They grow in Pools and standing Waters, and sometimes in running Streams, as also in the middle of watry Ditches or Ponds, and by their Banks and Sides in many places of this Kingdom. Gerard says, he found the smaller sort growing in Ditches and Marihy Grounds in the Iile oi'Shepey, going from Sherland-Houfe to fever-(ham. I have also found them growing in many places in the Pens, and in Moilt and Standing Waters in Penny Grounds in Cambridge-ftire, and the Ifie of Ely. And in the South part of Carolina, at the head of Stono River, in the Marines near the New Cut leading into Wad-wadmalow River, which are overflowed with every Tide, I have found them gtowing plentifully.

VII. The Times. They flower in June and July, and their Heads, Torches or Maces, are ripe in August but the Down hardly flies away till the end of August, or Month of September.

VIII. The Qualities. They are cold and dry in the first Degree : astringent, and very Styptick, Alterative, and Analeptick.

IX. The Specification. The Down is a Specifick to stop the bleeding of External Wounds.

X. Tloe Preparations. You may have, 1. The Down. 2. A Pouder of it. 3. A Cataplasm.

The Virtues.

XI. The Down it self. Applied dry to bleeding Wounds, it presently stops their bleeding : applied to running ulcerated Kibed Heels, it quickly cures them: so also used to moist Sores, and running Ulcers, it drys almost to a Miracle, incarnates and heals. In the Pen Countries it is sometimes used to make Beds οϊ, for poor People to lye on. And mixed with Butter, as a Bait for Rats and Mice, it kills them by choaking them.

XII. The Pouder of the Down. Mattbiolus says, it is good to help the burftenness or Ruptures of Children, wherein the Intestines fall down into the Cods. This others conteft against, as being dangerous to be taken inwardly, as being rather fit to ftrangle than help them, becaule it choaks Rats and Mice. But this latter opinion I think to be an Error, for as it is used to choak and kill Ruts and Mice, it is used Whole, and not-in the Pouder, whereas, if it is reduced to a very fubtil Pouder, as Matthiolus orders ir, it can no ways be able to effect any such thing This Pouder may be given, lays Gerard, mixed with Pouder of Betony, Roots of Gladiol, and Leaves oj Hcrfetongue. This is to be mixed with the Yolk ot an Egg, and so eaten; it is ( says he ) a most perfecF Remedy against Ruptures in Children, and must be Adminiftred every Day rafting, for thirty Days together, one dram at a time : it not only helps Children and Striplings, but grown Men also, if in time of their Cure they use convenient Ligatures or Truffings, and fit proper Empla-f Iters upon the grieved place, according to Art-, thus he. For my part I have had no Experience hereof^ and therefore can say but little to it, having, I con-fefs, not much Faith in the Prefcription, yet think it not of such a dangerous confequence, .as some would have it nor have I any great opinion ot any Internals, given for this kind of Rupture, for that those Medicaments paifing through the Inteftines, can never come actually to the part where the Wound is, and lb can do little in order to the Cure.

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


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