in a Glass of Wine, Morning, Noon and Night, in aii cold and moist Conttitutions.

XX. The Acid Tincture. It admirably helps digestion, creates a good Stomach, repretfes vapors, and is good against Fits of the Mother. Dose thirty or sorty drops in any Liquor the Patient drinks, or in a Glass of Wine two or three times a day.

XXI. The Oily 'Tincture. It is Diuretick, eases pains of the Back and Reins, being taken inwardly to twenty or thirty drops in any proper Vehicle: outwardly bathed upon the part, it gives ease in Pains of the Gout, proceeding from a cold Cause and is eminently good against Cramps in any part, Convulsions, and the Palfie, if it be well anointed on the Paralitick part before a good fife, and rubbed in for an hour together, and so continued daily for rwelve, fifteen, or twenty days, till the Patient rinds he comes to the feeling strength, and use of his Limbs, Ufe.

XX1L The Spirit drawn from the Seed. It revwes the Spirits, chears the Heart, comforts Nature, re-prefTes Melancholly, warms and strengthens a cold Stomach, and is good against Fainting and Swooning Fits. Dose half an ounce, or more, at a time, being dulcified, upon occafion.

XXIII. The Distilled Oilfrom the Seed. It has all the Virtues of the Juice, Essence, Deco&ion, Pouder, Tinctures and Spirit, but much more powerful to all the said purposes and intentions. Dose from eight to fixteen drops, dropt into Sugar, and then dissolved in any proper Vehicle the Patient likes beft, and is also agreeable to the Medicament in refitting the Disease.

XXIV. The Towers. They have all the Virtues of the Oil, but much more fubtil and penetrating, and more pleasant and eafie to be taken by delicate and weak Stomachs. Dose two or three drams in a Glass ofgenerous Wine, Morning and Night

XXV. The Elixir. It provokes Urine, (having all the Virtues of the Spirit, Tincture, Oil and Powers exalted) and breaks the Stone, if it is soft and gritty, expelling Gravel, Sand and Tartarous Matter from all the Urinary VeiTels. It opens Obstructions of the Liver and Spleen, cleanses the Blood from corrupted Humors, and is commended against the Cachexia, or evil difpofition of the whole Body, aii-fing from a cold, moist, and watry habit of the same and therefore, in the going off of a Dropsie, when the Bowels are much weakned, and the Tone of them extreamly hurt, it lb comforts and strengthens them, as to make the Body to withftand the return of the Disease, into which if the Patient fhould Re-lapfe, It is generally fatal. The Dose is half a spoonful in Sherry, Canary, or Madera Wine.

CHAP- CXVIII. C ε ν τ Ο R Υ the Greater.


τif ε Names. It is called in Greek, Kivnveicp τί uiy& : In Latin, Centaurium magnum : of Theophraftus Κει/Weti · and in English, Centory the Greater, or Greater Centory.

II. The Kinds. These are four Kinds of this Centory, I. Centaurium majus vulgare, Centaurium magnum, The Common Great Centory. 2. Centaurium majus alterum, The other Great Centory, or Whole leav'd Centory. 3. Centaurium majus Ame* ricanum, or Canadanum, Centaurium foliis Cynarx, Centaurium Pyremum, The American Centory, with Artichoak Leaves. 4. Centaurium majus luteum, The great yellow Centory.

111. The Descriptions. The jirft of these hu<t d Root which grows to be more than two fat long, and as large as a reajenable great ParJnep-root, blackish on the out side, and fmeting of a reddish yellow within, abiding many years, and sending forth jrefh Leaves ruery Spring, those dying j'or the most part which were green all the Summer 5 which Leaves are many, large, long, and soft, deeply cut in on the edges, of a pale green color on the upper side, and whitijh underneath, Without any thing of the great bitterness which is in the lesser Centory, which is no Species of this Plant. The Stalk is long and round, and three or four feel high, divided at the top into many Branches, on which jland large, round, Jcaly green heads, Jhooting forth at their tops, many small Threads or Thrums, of a pale blewijh AJh-color. In which, after they are fallen, do grow, large, whitijh^ smooth, Joining Seeds, not much unlike Thiftle Seeds, but larger, and lying amongjl a great deal of Downy Matter.

IV. The second Great Centory has a Root growing to be as great or greater than the former, and black on the out side, but yellowifb within, yielding a ye I* lowifh red Juice, which is a little bitter, but more Aromatical than the former. Prom the head of this Root comes forth many Leaves lying alnwfi upon the ground, which are long, and a* large almost as the former, but without any jaggedness or division at all in them, yet deeply dented about the edges, and of a deep green color. The Stalk is round and great, but rises not up so high as the other does, nor divides it self at the top, into so many Branches, but bearing only two or three heads on a Stalk, which are scaly, in the same manner, and in it such like Thrums or Thready Plowers, of a pale whitijh color, which being past, there comes such like Seed in the heads, lying in a Plocky or Downy Subflance, and every one bearded in the same manner, but a little blacker.

' V. The third, which is the American, or Floridian Great Centory, has a Root great and black cn the out side, but longer than the first, and of the bigness of ones Wrift. It has larger Leaves than the first, and more jagged, or cut in deeply on the Edges, some

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


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