]n Wiiie : betides which, being ftrewed upon moist running Sores, it cleanses, dries, and heals them.

XVII. The Balsam. It heals Wounds at once or twice drenmg : if they be Contused, it digests them, cleanses and heals. Applied to foul, corrupted, rotten Sores, and old Ulcers, it digests them, cleanses, dries, and heals almost to a Miracle. Applied to the Gout, it draws the humor out through the pores of the skin, and so cures it.

XYIil. The Ointment. It is vulnerary, drying, and healing, good against burnings, fcaldings, and fluxes of sharp Humors, which it represses by virtue of its Altringency, the Sore, Ulcer or Wound, being rirft waiht with the Juice or Essence : then the Pouder of the Root being ftrewed upon it, and afterwards pledgets being dipt in the Ointment, and bid over all, with a De Alinio Emplafier upon that to hold it on : by this means defperate old and running Sores and Ulcers have been fuddenly and effectually cured.

XIX. The Cataplasm. It is an excellent Anodyn and Difcuffive, prevalent against flatulent Tumors : If it is made up into a Pessary with the Pouder of the Root, and put up the Womb, it provokes the Terms in Women, and educeth the Dead Child and After-birth.

XX. The Spirituous Tincture. It is good against Convulsions, Lethargies, Palsies, Cramps, Pains and Aches in the Limbs, as also in the Stomach and Belly, Colicky and all Diseases of those parts proceeding from Wind : Let it be taken inwardly three times a day, from two drams to four in any proper Vehicle : and outwardly, let it be bathed upon the part affected Morning and Evening, till health is recovered.

XXI. The Acid Tincture. It is good against Malignity, and the Poison of pestilential Fevers : is good against the bitings or stingings of Venomous Creatures opens Obstructions of Sue Lungs, helps against Coughs, Colds, shortness of Breath, Wheezing, Hoarsness, &c. being taken in all that the Patient drinks, whether Ale, Beer, or Wine, ίο many drops at a time as may make the Liquor pleasingly sharp.

XXII. The Oily Tincture. It opens Obftruaions of the Reins, Ureters and Bladder, is prevalent a-gainlt the Strangury, pains and weakness in the Back, being taken from ten to twenty or thirty drops in White Port Wine twice a Day, viz. Morning and Night; and withal being bathed well in, upon the Spina Dorfi, or Back Bone.

XXIII. The whole Plant, as well Herb as Root, is available in all sorts of Wounds, Sores and Ulcers, to digest, cleanse, dry, conglutinate, and heal them $ and therefore are principal ingredients, and fhould be in all vulnerary Ointments, Balsams, Drinks, Lotions, and Injections, according to some of the aforegoing prescribed Preparations, refpecF being had to the parts afflicFed, and the way and Method of Application or Exhibition, whether Inward or Outward.

CHAP. CXIX. 0/CENTORY the lesser.

l-^HE Names. It is called in Arabick, Kan-A tarion Sages, and Canturion Sege, or Segir : Ktv-nLveiov το (/jk&v : In Latin, Centaurium vnnus, Κ parvum : Of some, Centaurea, febrifuga.

from its Quality h Eel Tcrrx, from its exceihve bit-terness. Dioscorides says, it was called Limnefion-, and Rimy, Libadiok, because it loves to grow, in moist places. It is thought to be that Plant which Theophraftus called Leptophyllum : In English, Centory the lesser, and Lesser Centory.

II. T])e Kinds. It is no Species of the Greater Centory, nor claims any the least Kindred with it, having no Relation in any kind, but only in the name, and therefore is Genus or General it self It is fix fold, as growing with us, viz. 1. Centaurium minus vulgare flore rubente. The Common Red Small Centory. 2. Centaurium minus flore albo, White flowered Centory. 3. Centaurium minus lute urn, Small yellow Centory. 4. Centaurium minus luteum perfoliatum ramofum, Branched through-leav'd Small yellow Centory. $. Centaurium minus luteum non ramofum, Small yellow Centory, not Branched. 6. Centaurium minimum luteum, The very small, or smalleft yellow Centory.

III. The Descriptions. The first of these, which is our Common small Centory, has a Root small and hard, perishing every year, from whence J'prings up for the most part, but one round and crefted Stalk, about a foot high, or something more, branching out at the top into many Sprigs or Branches, and some also Jrom the Joints of the Stalks below. The Leaves are small, and a little roundifi, very like unto St, John'x Wort, but without any holes in them, as that has.. The Flowers stand at the tops, as it were in a Tuft or Umble, and are of a pale red color, tending to. a Carnation. They consist of jive, and sometimes of fix, small Leaves, very like unto those of Hype-ricon, opening them]elves in the Day time, ana clo-jing at Night, after which come Seed in little jhort Husks, and in form like unto Wheat Corns. The whole Plant is of an exceeding bitter Taste.

IV. The second, with the White Flower, differs nothing from the other, ftjs to the form, neither in Root, Stalk, Leaves, Height, Flowers or Seed,faving only in the color of the Flowers, which is White, as the other is Red; and the bitter taste is the same in its full Latitude.

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


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