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00206

CHAP. CXXI.

Of CHARLOCK.

Η ε frames. I do not find that this Plant JL was known to the Greeks, and lb have-no Greek name for it. It is called in Latin, Rapiflrum : and in English, Charlock, Carlock, and Chad-lock.

II. 77v Kinds. Some would have it to be a Species of the Wild Turnep, others of Sinapi; some of Eryfimum ; others refer them to the Lampfana^ oi Dioscorides: but it took its name Rapiflrum, ifi-nnlitudine Rapifoliorum, for which reason it was that some have called it Wild Turnep. But taking it as Genus, There are several kinds of them to be found in England, viz. 1. Rapiftrum Commune, Common Charlock. 2. Rapijlrum Sylveflre, five Arvo-rum, Wild, or Field Carlock : M^t thiol us calls it Lampfana ; fo also Anguilara, Lonicerus, Lugdu-nenfis, Gerard and Gefner, in Hortis: Fuchfius and Turner call it Irion : Bauhin, Rapiflrum store luteo. 7,. Rapift rum alter urn Arvorum, A second Fielc Charlock ; which is also called by all the former names. 4. Rapiflrum album Articulatum, White Field Charlock which is the Lampfana of Turner and Ctfalpinus, who also calls it Radix Svlveflris : The third Sinapi agrefle οϊ Tragus: Rapiflrum flore albo Eruca foliis Lobeli Armor acta Tabermontani · Rapiflrum flore albo filiqua articulataBauhini. %. Rapiflrum Alonofpermon Bauhini,One Grained Charlock. 6. Rapiflrum Aquatic urn, Water Charlock.

them, which perishes when the Seed is ripe; from this Root rises Leaves almost like to the Rapum Svlveitre, but lesser, and smaller at the bottom, not jagged: among which rises a rough, slender, brittle, and somewhat hairy Stalk, a foot and half, or two feet high, having larger Leaves than the former, and somewhat Jagged and Waved : The Stalk towards the top is divided into many Arms and Branches, on which do grow little yellowish Elowers, which make a great flew; but sometimes they are found to be of a purplish color-, which being past there follows long Pods, sharp towards the end, containing Jevcral flattijh Seeds, of a whitijh yellow color.

III. The Descriptions .The MA of these has slender Roots with several fibres or firings hanging at

IV. The second, has a Root long and white, which grows woody when it runs up to Stalk and Seed, and perishes after Seed time. From which Root springs forth many long and broad rough Le(roes, hairy and green, lying upon the ground round about the Root, somewhat deeply gajhed in on the edges, and round pointed : from among which rises up one slender hairy Stalk,seldom many, branched from the middle upwards into many Arms, with divers lesser Leaves on them to the tops ; on which fland many yellow Elowers, having four or five Leaves a piece, which in a Hemp Land, or Corn Field make a mighty and glorious fhew ( but much to the Owners difprofit:) after these Flotcers are past, there follows long rough Pods, not very slender, with divers round, small, reddijh brown Seed therein, like unto Ah/flard Seed, but larger, as quick and flarp in tajle, but more bitter than it.

V. The third has a long Root, with many fibres at it, like the former, which dies every year, fronl whence spring up ?nany large "Leaves waved in, λ tie rough or hairy, but not cut or jagged as the former, the upper Leaves being whole and smaller. The Stalk rises up rough and hairy like the others, of about eighteen Inches high, or more, fpread out into many Branches h at the tops of which are a great

number


This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.

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