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fected are like wile to be bathed with the same. Anointed upon a Nerve prickt or hurt, it eases the fain and Anguifh, and abates the Tumor, if any be

present.

XX. The Saline Tincture. If given inwardly, from half a dram to two drams, it opens Obltru-£lions of the Urinary parts, and of the Womb but it is of greatest use in outward Applications against Tanning, Sun-burning, Scurfy Morphew, Dandriff, and other like Delcedations of the Skin for it cleanses after a singular manner, by reason of its Volatile Particles.

XXI. The Cataplasm. Made of the Green Herb, but principally of the Seed, with the addition of a quarter part of Mithridate, and so much Orrice pouder as will bring it to a consistence, and applied to cold flatulent Tumors, it difculfes them : if Nature defigns the Tumor for breaking, it brings it to maturation or ripeness, and that in a little time, becaule of its heat. If it is applied to the Gout, it eaf-s the Pain, and attracts the Morbifick Humor through the Pores of the Skin, in manner of Sweat.

CHAP. CXXIL

O/CHERRY Winter.

I. HE Karnes. It is called! in Greek, Χτ$ίχτ&9 L χ) -Στξνχνθ- ακικΛκαββ-: In Arabick, Keken-gi, iff Alkekengi : In Latin, Alkakengi, Halicaca-bum, Solanum Halicacabum Theopbrafti, Vesicarium Plinij, Saxijraga quart a rubra Brunfelfij, and Solanum Vesicarium : In English, Winter Cherries.

II. The Kinds. Parkinson says, it is one of the kinds of Solana, or Kight-Jhades, let forth and lpo-ken of by Dioscorides and Galen, and one of the two of Tl)eopbralius. We make two Kinds thereof, 1. Halicacabum five Alkakengi Vulgare, Our Common Winter Cherry. 2. Halicacabum five Alkakengi Virginienfe, The Virginian Winter Cherry. There is another Plant, which some Authors have joined with Winter Cherries, and called it, Helicacabum Percgrinum, Vesicaria Peregrina, and Helicacabum Repcns, Winter Cherries Creeping, as Tragus, Euchjius, Gefner, Mattbiolus, Dodo-noeus, and others but Cordus oppofes, and makes it another Plant : Bauhinits puts it among the Peafe, as a kind thereof; and calls it Pifum Vesicarium : Lobel thinks it to be the Ifopyum Diof-coridis, and calls it, Cor Indum, Pifum Indicum, and Pifum Cordatum; for all which Reafons, it being rather a Grain than a Berry, we have tor-born to put it in this place : and so much the more also, because it is no Kative or Den if on of our Ccuntrey, nor does it grow naturally, as some think, in any Part of Europe.

III. The description. Our Common Winter Cherry has a running or creeping Root in the Ground, long, and not much unlike to the Roots of Quitcb-grajs running very far abroad under the upper crust of the Earth causing it greatly to encrease 5 it is sometimes of the thickness of ones little Finger, floot-ing forth at several Joints, and in several places, by which means it quickly fills a great piece of Ground. From this Root rises up a Stalk tiw or three teet high, round, slender, smooth, and somewhat reddijh, reeling this way, and that way

by reason of its weakness : upon whichcome forth many broad and long green Leaves, not much unlike to those of Common Nightihade. but larger : at the Joints whereof, and among which Leaves come forth whitijh flowers, consisting of five small Leaves apiece : In the middle of which Flower comes forth a Berry, green at first, and red when it is ripe, like almost in color and bigness to our Common Red Cherries ( whence the Englilh name-,) These Berries are enclosed in Skins, or Bladders, of a pale reddish color. In the Berry is contained a reddish Pulp, and the Seed lying in the same, which are many, small, and fiat, and of a pale yellow color.

IV. The American kind, has a small Root fpreading under ground, but not so far as the former, and perishes every Lear. From this Root comes forth Branches with Leaves on the ground, scarcely rising upfo much as the other, seldom above eighteen or twenty Inches high, ( which I observed when in its pcrfetlion, and growing upon fertil ground ) but the Branches are greater, as also are the Leaves, and something more uneven about the edges, of a fad, or d§cp green, almost of a Sea-green color : at the Joints come forth the Flowers singly, to wit, one at a place, and more towards the bottom than up' wards ( this I observed not, for I always found each Plant very full of Fruit, almost from the bottom to the very top:) but as they grow to the height of the Branches, both Flowers and Fruit are rather smaller than those which are below : the Flowers are composed of five small whitish Leaves, with a Circle of red, or every Leaf is spotted Circle-wife towards their bottoms : the Flowers being past there follows the Fruit, enclosed in a thin Skm or Bladderx of λ whitijh, orpale greenish color h and not full cut so big as the-former. Within this Husk or Bladder is contained the Berry, which never.grows full out so large as our English Winter Cherrv, yet wbilft re-cent, fills almost the Bladder in which it is contained : when the G?erry or Berry comes to its perje* tfion, it is never red, but of a pale whitijh green

color,


This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.

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