Tinctura Valerianae (U. S. P.)—Tincture of Valerian.
Related entry: Valeriana.—Valerian
Preparation.—"Valerian , in No. 60 powder, two hundred grammes (200 Gm.) [7 ozs. av., 24 grs.]; alcohol, water, each, a sufficient quantity to make one thousand cubic centimeters (1000 Cc.) [33 fl℥, 391♏]. Mix alcohol and water in the proportion of seven hundred and fifty cubic centimeters (750 Cc.) [25 fl℥, 173♏] of alcohol to two hundred and fifty cubic centimeters (250 Cc.) [8 fl℥, 218♏] of water. Moisten the powder with one hundred cubic centimeters (100 Cc.) [3 fl℥, 183♏] of the menstruum, and macerate for 24 hours; then pack it firmly in a cylindrical percolator, and gradually pour menstruum upon it, until one thousand cubic centimeters (1000 Cc.) [33 fl℥, 391♏] of tincture are obtained"—(U. S. P.). Tincture of valerian depends, for its color, upon the condition of the valerian employed. Its color is either brown or red-brown, and, when added to water, it renders the latter turbid. The odor and taste of valerian is well preserved.
Action, Medical Uses, and Dosage.—(See Valeriana.) Dose, from 1/2 to 2 fluid drachms.