Sub-order I. Gymnomycetes, Endl.
Characters.—Sporidia naked (without any hymenium, perithecium, asci, or sporidiferous flocci), produced beneath the epidermis of plants or within the matrix (Fries).
Properties.—No medicinal substances are obtained from this sub-order. The yeast plant, which Turpin refers to the genus Torula (from torus, a twisted cord), is more probably an imperfect mucedinous fungus, and as such will be noticed herafter (see sub-order Hyphomycetes). The ergot-mould, called, by the late Mr. E. J. Queckett, Ergotaetia abortifaciens, and referred to this sub-order, is considered by Link and some other authorities to be a species of Oidium, and as such will be noticed subsequently (see sub-order Hyphomycetes).