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00075

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


vestris latifolia minor, five, Pes Anferinus, The lesser Wild Broad Leaved Arach, or Goose Foot j whole Description, Virtues, f$c. you may see in Chap. 3 12. following. This last Broad Leaved kind is called Minor, in refpecf it is accounted of the Idler Kind, and is leifer than the Great Broad Kind, deicribed m the former Chapter.

HI. The Descriptions. The first, Narrow Leav'd Wild Arach, has a long /lender Root, with many firings coming from it, from whence rises up one pretty large Stalk, with many Urge Branches on it, all over Mealy or Sandy, with. a greenifh gray or white Sandiness, as also are the Leaves : the Leaves grow single, and are placed irregularly up and down the Branches, they are long and narrow, almofi like the Leaves of Hydropiper, or Looftrife, but that they are shorter and narrower, not dented on the edges, set at the joints, smooth, and pointed at the ends : The Stalks and Branches fhoot up into long Spiky Heads, of green yellow flowers, not much unfike to the great broad kind in the former Chapter, and the Seed like the same alfo.

IV. The other Narrow Leav'd Arach of the lesser hind, is not much unlike to the former, but every way lesser, and the Leaves narrower, mostly smooth oh the edges, and pointed, but fometime some of them are divided or jagged, or a little notched, for which reason Lobel called it, Atriplex Sylvettris poly goni aurHelxines folio. The Stalks, flowers and Seed, are also like the former.

V. The Red Berry-bearing Arrach, is a Wild Arrach also in Spain but with us it's Nund up in Gardens : It is an Elegant Plant, having a Root small and fibrous, and perishing after Seed time, whence comes divers slender Branches somewhat Woody, a-bout a foot high, more or less, (according as the place where it grows, and the goodness of the Ground will produce, for all the kinds of Araches, both Garden and Wild, delight to grow in a fat, Rank Soil, as on Dunghills, &c.) from these Stalks and Branches come forth small cornered Leaves, not much unlike to the

Broad Lcaifd Wild Arach in the former Chapters, set at the joints one above another ·, and at every of the said feints with the Leaves, which stand upon toot-fialks, even from the lovcejl Leaves, near the Root, stands a small Red Berry. Clufterfashion, that is like to a Bramble or Dew Berry, Clear, and almost ira nfparent, with many small Grains in it, and full of an admirable Juice, as Red as Blood, or deep Red Wine, which being bruised upon the back of the Hand, while it is fresh, will feem as if you had drawn Blood out thereof, which Berry being dry grows blackifh, and contains in it small blackifo Seed, out of which this very Beautrful Plant will spring up e-very Tear of its own accord, if fuffered to fied.

VI. The Places. The two first grow by Walls* old Hedges, Ditch sides, and Dunghills, in almost all places throughout the Kingdom: the Berry-bearing is Wild in Spain, from whence being brought to us, it is planted and nouriihed up in Gardens.

VII. The Times. They all Flower in the Summer Months, as Miy, June, July, and August, the Seed continually ripening in the mean Seafon.

VIIL The Qualities. These Wild kinds are not so Cold and Moist as the former, not exceeding the first Degree. They are Abfterfive, Attenuating, E-mollient, and Alterative $ dedicated, as the others, to the Womb and Joints.

IX. The Specification. They are proper against Wounds and Ulcers, the Gout, Pains and Aches, proceeding from a hot Cause.

X. The Preparations. There are made thereof, 1. A Pouder of the Seed. 1. A Juice. 2. An Efience. 4. A Decoction. 5. A Syrup. 6. A Cataplasm. 7. A Balsam. 8. The Juice of the Berries of the Red Berry- bearing.

The Virtues.

XL The Uses of all these Preparations are the same with those in the two aforegoing Chapters, and therefore to them we refer you ; these Herbs having the same Virtues and Properties, but not full out lb Cold and Moist.

XII. The Berries of the Red Berry-bearing Arach. The Beauty of the Juice is admirable ; but what Phyfical Virtues it may have is not so fully known : being given inwardly to j. dram, or more, in Red Wine or Alicant, it is good against Spitting Blood, Pilfmg Blood, or the Bloody Flux: The Juice being inspissated and reduced to a Pouder, is good to stop Bleeding outwardly : and inwardly given, it stops the overflowing of the Loches, or the Terms in Women, and ftrengrhens the Womb. Doubtlels out of it there may be made several glorious Pigments, or Limning Colours, for the ufes of Limners, Painters, 8tc. Dose of the inspissate Juice is half a dram, or more, in any proper Vehicle,

CHAP. XXVIII. Of Stinking ARACH.

I. The Names. It is called in Greek, ^τ&φαξ* JL iJWei/iri: in Latin, Atriplex fostida: and by* Cordus, Garofmos ( because it ftnells like Stinking Filfi) from w&,Pifcis ·, whence comes >«c> f-Liquamen feu fantes Pifcium : alfo, Tragic G<?r-manicum; and by Pena and Lobel, Atriplex foetida garum olens : It smells more stinkinj; than the Ram, or Male Goat h and therefore, says Gerard, feme have called it by a Figure, Vulvar ia: in English it is called, Stinking Arach,


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