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00077

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


II. The Kinds. It is twofold, 1. Atriplex marina repens lutea. Yellow Creeping Sea Arach. 2. Atriplex maritima angustifolia, Narrow Leav'd Marlh Arach.

III. The Description. The first of these has a great Root with many firings, which perifhes not every Tear, and is of a fait iff Tafie, tho* it is bred up in a Garden ; from whence comes forth several Stalks, lying in some meafure, and creeping upon the Ground, with many White, Hoary, Mealy or Sandy Branches, and with White, Broad, Mealy or Sandy Leaves, deep cut on the Edges, andFointed,fet on them without any order, cut in on the Edges, near at the Bottom, and pointed at the Ends, somewhat like unto a small Gocfe-foot Leaf: at the top af the Branches grow divers slender, hoary, yellowish Spikes of Seed, set close together like Clufters : sometimes I have feen it Reddish, like the Red Garden Arach, and sometimes nothing so Mealy, but rather Green.

r Ieotber kwd ha*a Woody Root* withmany

small firings, from whencefprings forth a Woody and Hoary Stalk, about a foot high, ffread at the top into . many small Branches, fpotted with black fpots, which end in long yellow fpikes of Cluftering Seed, like the former. Ihe Leaves*which grew below are somewhat long and narrow, about two Indies long, of a dark green Colour, with some Corners about the Edges, which yet are smaller and smaller, as they grow higher.

V. The Places. They grow in many parts of England, by the Sea ihore, and Banks of Salt-water Rivers, and Borders of Salt Marines, and in Marfh Grounds, particularly at Qiteenbrough, at Kings-Lyn in Norfolk, at Margate in the Ille of Thanei, and In many other places by the Sea side. The first grows on the Sea ihore near Little Holland in Effex, and at Kings-Lyn in Norfolk, by the Banks of the Creek, running out of the Haven by the South side of the Town, where some years fince I found it in gteat plenty ·, as also in the Ifle of Merfey^ not far from Colchefier. The latter, Mr. Ray says, grows plentifully by the River, and on the Banks of the Marfhes about Maiden in Effex, and doubtlefs in many other the like places.

% VI. The Times,. They Flower from the beginning of June,"all July and August, even to September, and the Seed fucceifively ripens in the mean Seafon.

VII. The Qualities. It is Cold and Moist in the first Degree 5 Jmt some Authors will have it to be Dry. It is something Cathartick, at leastwise So-lutive, Diuretick, Abiferfive, Attenuating, t)ifcuf-five and Emollient and is appropriated to the Womb, Reins and Joints.

VIII. The Specification. It is peculiar against a Polyfarcia, or a too great Fleshiness and Fatness of* the Body, and the Dropsie.

IX. The Preparations. You may prepare from it, A Juice. 2. An Essence. 3. A Decoction. 4. A

Syrup. 5. A Spjrituoits Tincture. 6. A Saline Tin-[lure. 7. An Oily Tincture. 8. A Cataplasm. 9. An Ointment. 10. A Balsam.

- Israeli ζ

The Virtues.

X. The Juice. This by reason of its Saliness does purge the Bowels, and habit of the whole Body, of Cold and Watty Htfciors, being taken from j. ounce to iij. ounces, in the Broth of Fat Meat.

XI. The Essence. It is in property much like to the Wild Araches -? and being taken Morning and Evening for some time, it has been found prevalent against a Polyfarcia, or too great Corpulency, and Bulk of Body and preserves the Lungs^om putrefaction. Dose from j. ounce to iij. oiees.

XII. The Decoction in Wine. It has the Virtues of the Essence and Juice, but not full out so powerful : it provokes Urine, and is good against Gravel and Stone. Dose from iij. to vj. ounces, Morning and Evening.

XIII. The Syrup of the Juice. It cleanses the Lungs and Bowels, opens the Body ·, 'tis said, that there is not many better Medicines against the Dropsie than this, to take it to iv. ounces, or more, Morning and Evening ·, I have proved it. It also causes Leanness in them who are too Fat, as experience has manifefted.

XIV. The Spirituous Tincture. It strengthens the Womb, and is good against the Diseases thereof, taken to ij. drams in Wine : mixed, half an ounce of it at a time, with vi. or vij. ounces of the Decoction in Water, it cleanses the Womb of the Whites by injeclion, and stops them.

XV. The Saline Tincture. It is a good Nephritick,


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