This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


1.>-γ*Ηε Names. It is called by the Arabians, L· Afar on : in Greek, "Aa&ejv,, Nap/©- dya*} in Latin, Afarum, Nardus Sylvestris, Nardus Rufti-ca ( because of its Aromatick or Sweet Smell ) by Maeer, Vulgago, as by his Verfe, Eft Afaron Grace, Vulgago Ma Latine quod Vulgam vel Bulgamfeu Ventrem moveat : and in Englifi), Afarabaeca. I suppose our Englifi Name came by a miftake, raking this Plant for Baccbaris or Plowmans Spicknard, which it is not and so out of the two names, of Afaron and Baccbaris, they made the name of Afarabaeca. Others thought Afarum and Baccbaris to be one Plant, and so compounded the name out of them both-, and called it Afarabaccara,z<s> iris called in Spain at this day.

II. The Kinds. It is twofold, i. Garden. 2. Wild. of which in the next Chapter. The Garden kind is also twofold* 1, Afarum hortorum Vulgare, Common Garden Afarabaeca, 2. Afarum Virginianum, Virginian Afarabaeca.


SalmonV Herbal. 1 Lib. I.

I the Henbane Seed, but that they are smaller1: and these are all the Elower it has, which being fnelPJ

III. The Descriptions. Our Common Garden Afarabaeca has small Roots, and whitish, fpre acting many ways in the Ground, andincreafing into divers Heads, but not running or creeping under Ground, as many

/ zee^ingiierbs dr) > theyare sweet in Sme^

resembling Spicknard, but more when they are dry than when green and of a Jharp, bat not unpleasant, taste : from these Roots rise up many Heads, from whence comes many smooth Leaves, every one upon his own Foot-Jialk, which are smoother, rounder/and bigger than Violet Leaves, thicker also, and of a darker green fhimng colour on the upper side, and of Δ y,elkwJree" ""ierneaih, little or nothing denied about the edges , from among which, rise up

J& T"u' hM0W\ ^°τ'β' ***** Husks, upon ^hliitUtr ιηώ iwiiei « 'kr brims mubjive divifwns, very like the Cups or Heads of

' \J ~----------- j *3

unto, are somewhat sweet; and wherein, when th are ripe, are contained small covered rough Seeds, very like the Kernels or Stones of Grapes or Rai-fins.

IV. The Virginian Aiarabacca, grows very like the former ; but its Roots are somewhat greater, and fuller of substance, fpreading in the same manner, and something more fragrant, and a little hot in tafie, biting a little the Tongue : From this Root springs up the Leaves as the former, but they are a pretty deal larger, fi iff also, and thick, somewhat crumpled about the edges, of a dark green colour, and not so much fijining an the former-, nor yet so round, but a little pointed at the end, very much resembling the flat fiape of an Heart ; some of which Leaves will bespotted or fi raked. The Flowers have but three divisions or points, and of a paler green colour.

V. The Places. The first grows naturally Wild under the shades of Trees, and upon shady hills in Pontic, Phrygia, and other places of the East : The other grows Wild in Virginia ■, but they are both of them Nurft up in Gardens with us ·, of which the first is very common.

VI. The Times. They both "keep their Leaves green all the Winter, but fhoot forth new in the Spring ·, and with them come forth those Heads or Flowers, which give ripe Seed about Midfummer, or in July or Augufi, whofe Seed is ripe not long after: but their Roots and Leaves are gathered in the Spring.

VII. The Qualities. They are hot and dry in the second Degree, or rather in'the thin! They Open, Incide, Attenuate, and Resolve, and lire Cathartick, Emetick, and Diuretick ·, and are appropriated to the Head, Stomach, Liver, Spleen, Reins, Womb, and Joints.

VIII. The Specification. It is a peculiar remedy for the Dropsie, Jaundice and Gout ·, as also for Agues of all sorts.

IX. The Preparations. In the Shops there are, i. The Roots in Pouder. 2. The Leaves in Wine. 3, An Infusion. 4. A Decoction. An Extraff. 6. An Essence, 7. Diafarum Fernelij, an Eletfuary. 8. A Saline Tincture. 9. An Oil by Inflation. 10. A Cataplasm. U. The Juice. 12. A Conserve.

The Virtues.

X. The Roots. They Vomit, working both up^ wards and downwards, but not so strongly as the Leaves: Dose from half a dram toj. dram in Pouder : Being given in White Wine, a little before the fit of an Ague, it takes away the fhaking Fit, and thereby causes the hot Fit to be more remilk and in twice or thrice taking, it is said to cure it, whether it isQuotidian,Terttan or Quartan. Dioscorides faith, that vj. drams of the Root in Infusion in honied water, being drunk,powerfully provoke the Terms: I fear the Dose is very much roo hirge in substance* iij. or iv. drams may be infufed in the Mead, and so drunk: Parkinson says, it will work like Black Hel-lebor: It is good also against the Bitings of Serpents, and other Venomous Creatures. The Pouder the finer it is, the mor^it purges by Vomit and Urine h the coarfer it is, the more it purges by Stvi dra?Jn P°uder, as Authors fay.

XI. T^W^x Wine being made of the Leaves, by fteeping them therein, is an Emetick, and provokes Urine, as Dioscorides faith, eases the Paire of the Stone, and an old Sciatica, and is profitable a-gainft Dropsies. Mefue says, it not only Vomits, but works downwards, and by Urine also, r^irging



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