This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.

somewhat like unto Peach Leaves, but much lesser and narrower they are also long, but somewhat narrower than those of the Mild Arsmart, and without any spots at all, yet sometimes they have been found Wtih redish Marks upon them. The Stalks are about a Foot and half high, round, smooth and Jointed, with a kind of Knee at each Joint: at the greater Joints^ as well towards the tops of the Stalks and Brances, as at the tops also, come forth smallfpiky heads of blush or reddish Colored, and sometimes more red or white Flowers Mixed, clufieringtogether, which falling away, there comes little blackish Seed, somewhat broad or flatifi) and sometimes of a reddish yellow Color ·, of a hot and biting Taste, (as is all the rest of the Plant) almost likeuntoPeppQT, whence came the name of Water Pepper but the Herb it self is without any smell.

IV. The Virginian Kind is in mofi things, as its Roots, Stalks, Branches, Joints, Leaves, and Plow-ers like unto our English before Defcribed, and differs only in the form of the Flowers growing, and their Color, these growing on more slender and long fpikes, and their Color being white.

V. The Places. Hydropiper grows almost every where, throughout the Kingdom, in moist and wa-try Places, and near unto Rivers and Ditch-fides, standing plaihy Waters, running Brooks and such like. The latter has been brought out of Virginia, and is nouriihed up with us in Gardens.

VI. The>Times. They Flower in June and July, to August, and the Seed is Perfected or Ripe not long after-, yet it is to bPobferved the Virginian Kind Flowers something later here, and therefore its Seed is somewhat later Ripe.

VII. The Qualities. Hydropiper is hot and dry in the fourth Degree. It Incides, Attenuates, opens, and is Diuretick, and Emmenagogick, and by Appropriation is Cephalick, Neurotick, Hysterick and Nenhritick.

VIII. The Specification. It is known by manifold

and large Experience to be a peculiar Plant against Gravel and Stone, whether in Reins or Bladder.

ΪΊ™ Preparations. The Shops keep only, i. lhe Dryed Herb. But you may prepare therefrom, 2.. The Distilled Water- 7. The Juice. 4. The Essence. 5. The Oil. 6. The Ointment. 7. The Cataplasm. 8. The Root, and Seed.

The Virtues.

X. The.Herb. It is hot and dry0 used chiefly in Wounds, hard Tumors and inveterate Ulcers. Some use it in the Tranfplantation of Diseases, and removing of Inchantments. The Green Herb ltrew-ed in a Chamber, is said to kill all the Fleas \ and a good handful put under a Horfes Saddle, will make him go briskly, altho' half tyred before.

XL The DistilledWater. It is a Specifick against: Stone and Gravel in both Reins and Bladder, and fas cured to admiration when all other things . the World has failed ·, and so great things haVebeen some hundreds of times experimented or :his simple Distilled Water, which feem to be even Miraculous, it performing whar much reputed greater Medicaments cannot do: I write not this from my own Ex* perience only, which in this case is very confidera-ble, but we have also the Suffrage of very Great and Learned Men, as to the same tning. And this thing I would have to be noted, That in any of my Books, wherefoever I have mentioned Perfica-ry or Arsmart Water, either simply or with other Preparations against the Stone, Gravel, &c. I always in all those places, intend the Water of this present Herb, of which we now speak, viz. Hydropiper, or Biting Arsmart.

XII. The Juice. Given to j. ounce in White Port Wine it provokes the Terms, facilitates the Birth, and brings away the After-Birth; and given in vj. or viij. ounces of the Distilled Water, it provokes Urine, and opens obstructions of the Urinary Passages.

ΧΠι. The Essence. It has the Virtues of the Juice, comforts the Head> Nerves, Stomach, Lungs, Womb, and Reins, provokes the Terms, and causes a good Digestion, eases pains of the Gout from a cold Cause, waits and consumes superfluous Humors in any part, and is admirable against all cold and moist Diseases of the Brain, Nerves and Womb, as Fallingsickness, Vertigo, Lethargy, Apoplexy, Paliie, Megrim, Barrenness, &c. and made into a Syrup with Honey it is a good Pectoral. Dose ij. drams..

XIV. The Oil. It dissolves and difcufles all cold Swellings, Scrophulous and Scirrhous Tumors, Quinfies, Congealed Blood, Pleurisies, &c.

XV. The Ointment. It is good against Bruises in any part, and prevails against Oedema's, and other cold Tumors of the Joints, Kings Evil Swelings, and Kernels in Neck and Throat.

XVI. The Cataplasm. It prevails against Gontu-fions, hindering putrifaction; and applyed to a Fellon or Whitloe, it takes away the Pain almost prefendy, and in a short time after cures it.

XVII. The Root and Seed. Either the Root or Seed Bruised and applyed to an Aching Tooth, gives present ease, and in short time after perfectly cures it: Put into a hollow Tooth, it does also the same thing.


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