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00104

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


VI. The Lesser Clove Basil : It bm a pretty long, woody Root,with many Fibres threat, from whence rises one Upright Stalk, which admirably spreads it self forth in Arms and Branches, looking very much like to a bull), and not very much unlike Mother of Time, bah in the form of its growing, and the fhape and magnitude of its leaves, whish grow more difper-Jedly upon the Branches h the Flowers grow at the Tops of tJye Bi\incHs, after the manner of those of Basil, of a White Colour, but tending somewl)at more backwards* The smell is the strongefl and most fragrant of all the Basils, and/mells perfectly like Cloves, from lohence it is also called Caryophyllatum, and this is the true Basil Gentle. AnExaS Figure hereof you hive in Daleehampius Hiff. Fkntarum, lib. 5. cap. >i. f%. J.pag. 681.

VIL The Places. They grow in the Eaifern Regions, and hot Countries, where they are more odoriferons, than in our Northern Climes : but now they grow in all the Northern Nations in Gardens, where they flouriifi well, and yield their Seed in perfection, but their fragrant Scent is not altogether lb strong.

VIII. 'The Times They Flower gradually during the hotceft Summer Months, as all June, July, and some part of August, Flowering at the Top first ·, and then is gradually Ripe not long after.

IX, The Qualities. These are hot in the second Degree, and moist in the first Degree : Inciding, Attenuating, Opening, Digestive, Reiblutive ·, Carminative and Anodyn. And ..appropriated to the Head, Nerves, Stomach, Breft, Lungs, Heart, Reins and Womb : they are al^Emmenagodck, and refill Poifon. wr

#X. The Specification. They comfort the Nerves, prevail against Palsies, cleanse the Lungs of Tartarous Matter, and ptovoke the Terms.

XL The Preparations. You may prepare therefrom, 1. A Pouder from the Seed. 2. A Distilled W^ter from the whole Plant. 3. & Juice. 4. An Essence. 5. A Spirituous Tincture. 6. Ά Saline Tincture. 7. An Oily Tincture. 8. A Decoction in Wine. 9. A Syrup. 10. An Oil. 11. A Cataplasm.

The Virtues.

XII. Ali these Plants have the same Virtues with those in the former Chapter, and therefore the Preparations have the same, for which, and their particular Uses we shall refer you thither.

Chap. XLVIII. Of American Basil.

I. >Tpii£ Kames. This was wholly uiiknown to X the Greeks, and therefore can have no Original Greek Name, but confideiing it is an Indian Plant, may well enough be called, "Ou^r %) b^amo? iftftjterin Latin, Ocimum Americanum vel indicum: and by Camerartus, Basilkum Uijpauicum : in Englifi, American Basil.

II. The Kinds. It is twofold^ 1. Ocimum Americanum maculatum loeve, smooth, spotted American BafH. 2. Ocimum Americanum cnfpum non maculatum^ criiped American Bahl, not {potted.

m III. The Descriptions. The imooth spotted Amev rican Basil, has a Root like tJufe in the fornur Chapters, which perishes after Seeding time; from whence rises up a four square reddish green Stalk, a foot high, or better, from the Joints whereof fpread out many Branches, with broad fat Leaves set thereon, two always at a Joint, one against another, as the Balils have, but somewhat deeply cut men the edges, and sometimes a Utile crumpled, fiandag upon long reddish Foot-stalks, of a dark purple colour, spotted with deeper purple spots, in some greater, mothers less the Flowers fland at the Top of the Stalks, Spikefashion, of a White Co/our, with Reddish Strifes and Veins running through then -y see or placed i*

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