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00105

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


dark purple coloured Husks : The Seed is greater and rounder than any of the former Kinds, and somewhat long withal: the whole Plafit fwells strong like to the common or ordinary Basil and Camphire put together.

IV. The Crisped or Curled American Basil, not spotted : Iti has a Root like the foregoing, being a degenerate of the other kind, rifen ( as Parkinson supposes ) from The Seed of the former Riant, gathered in these colder Countries ; and is indeed of the Kind of the American spotted Basil, having like Stalks, and such like large heaves, cut somewhat deeply in on t)?e edges, and curled or crumpled, as they also sometimes are, together with fwelling bun-ches like Bladders in them, but wholly of a green colour, and without any spots, or fpot upon them: the Flowers hereof are all white, and without any spots as the other has : the smell hereof ia very strong, andperfetlly refomhkng the former.

V. The Places. They Originally grew in America, from whence they were brought into Spain, and from thence to us, being nouriihed up in. our Gar-Jens ·, the latter of which seems now to be a Native of our own Countrey.

VL The Times. Tliey Flower gradually in June and July, as the others do and their Seed is ripe in August.

VJL The $ualieksL They ate hot in the second Degree, aid moil! ia the £rft ·, highly Cephalick, Neuiotick, Cardiack and Hysterick ·, they Attenuate, Open, Refofre, discusses.; are Carminative, Ano-dine, Alexipharmick, and Emmenagogtck.

VIII. Tw Specific;ttion. I have found them peculiar against Palsies^ and Pains and Aches proceeding rfona a cold Cause.

IX. The Preparations. You have, r. A Pouder from ike Seed. 2. A Distilled Water. 3. A Juice. 4. A.n Essence. A Spirituous Tincture. 6. A Saline Tincture. 7. An Oily Tix&ur*. * 8. A De-cotfion. 9. A Syrup, iq. An Oil. if. A Cataplasm : the Virtues and Uses of which, are the same with the same Preparations in Chap. 46. Sell. 12. to Sell. 22. aforegoing. 12. A Distilled Oil. 1$, The Powers.

. The Virtues.

X. The Distilled Oil It Cures Head-aches, Megrims, Lethargies, Apoplexies, Epilepsies, Palsies, Convulsions, Tremblings, and weakness of the Nerves, Obstructions of the Womb, Reins and Bladder, PuncFures and Wounds of the Nerves, and all sorts of Pains, Aches, Sciatica, and Lameness from a cold Cause, being taken inwardly from iv. drops to xij. in some proper Vehicle ·, and outwardly anointing the pan aftecFed therewith. It expels Wind, and cures the Colick.

XL The Pot eft at es or Powers. They have all the former Virtues, but penetrate more, as being more Subtil or Volatile : They provoke the Terms in Women, ease Pains and Stitches in the Side, are good against Fits of the Mother, and Vapors, chear the Heart, revive the Spirits, resist Poilon, and remove Melancholly, strengthening the Stomach, and all the Viscera. Dose from j. dram to ij. drams,* in a Glads of Wine, or some other proper Vehicle.

Chap. XLIX. Of Stone Basil.

I. The Names. It is called in Greek, "λ™®-X $) *&*pv@-in Latin, Acinus and Acinos by Lobel and Daleehampius : Clinopodium Vulgare, by Matthiolus : Clinopodium majus, by Cameranus: Botanic a Pauli, by Guilandinus : Pulegium monta-num, by Lonicerus ; Polycnemon, by Gefner and Clinopodium Origano fimilc, by Bauhin: in Englifi?, Stone Basil, and Great Wild Basil.

II. The Kinds. This is properly the first and chiefeft of the Wild Bsfils*, and is twofold. 1. Acinus major, the greater Stone Basil. 2. Acinus minor, the lesser Stone Basil.

HI. The Descriptions. the Greater Stone Basil has a bufhy Root, of many Strings jet together at% and depending from one Head, which fioot forth fockets rotund about: from this Root springs forth several hard, four square, hairy or hoary Stalks, d foot, or foot and half high, or more, set with two hairy green Leaves at each Joint, being covered also as the Stalks are with a hairy Down, somewhat larger than any of the other Wild Bafiis, cor.ir.g^ near unto the bigness and fafiwn of the LscVcs of Origanum : the Flowers grow in Rund/e&or rcur.d the Stalk, in greater plenty than in the Wild Basils of the following Chapter, and of apur^hjh colour^ but sometimes w]$>tie, the Husks of which cue some* what larger and rougher'.

IV. The lejer StOBe Basil, ha* lake ttocts, Stalks, Leaves, Flowers and Husks, arA differs not any thing from the former, Javs that th? Stalks are lower, tJjs Leaves lefier, and the ihfks :>f the Flowers smaller j in a woni, it is of the June &*d, but the wlxla Plant is wry way (φ. ^


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