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00108

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


blvel, and mixed with Lard into an Ointment it d feulTes hot Tumors.

XII. The Spirit from the first and third. ^ It is fin gular good against Convuliion-fits, Megrim, Vertigo, Lethargv, and other cold and moist Diseases or the Head, Brain, Nerves, and Womb: oatward-

ance : Cordns calls it Cucumis puniceus : Gefner, Balsamina pomifera : Lobel, Balsamina Cucumerina punicea : Some, Pomum Hierofolymitanum : and we in Englifi, the Male Balsam Apple. It is thought by some to be that which Pliny speaks of, lib. 20. cap. 3. which the Greeks call Cucurbiia Somphos 5

ly bached upon places troubled with the Cramp, it but this is difputable; cures them. Dose fromj. dram to ij. in Wine or H. The Kinds. Of the Balsamina there are three /t je# I principal kinds. 1. Balsamina Mas, which is that we

XIII. The Spirituous Tincture. If made of the trear of in this Chapter, and is called by all the fait or third, it warms, comforts, and strengthens names aforegoing : as also Balsamina by Matthioli* the Stomach,' causes a good Appetite, and is good I Ba/famina prima by Fuchfitts and Anguila : Char an-a^i'mit the iickness thereof Dose ij. drams, more | tia by Dodonaus wnLonicerus: Ba/famina Mas by

or less in Wine, Ale, or PofTet-Drink.

XIVT. The Oily Tincture. Taken to half a dram in any fit Vehicle, it prevails against the Stone and Stoppage of Urine : outwardlyanointed uponjpla-

Gerard and Parkinson : Momordica by Caftor: Mc-mordica fruclu luteo rubescente, in aorto Eyft. 2. Balsamina foemina, of which in the next Chapter. 3. Balsamina lutea, five noli meTangere, which

Chap. LI. Balsam-Apple Male.

ccs pained from any Cold Cause, it eases the Pain, is called Herba lmpatiens $ in Englifi, Codded Ar warms and comforts the Part, and restores it to its \fmart.

due strength. HI- The Description. It has a Root which is small

XV. The Saline Tincture. It opens Obstructions and firingy, creeping a good way within the Earth : of the Viscera, and being made orthe third Kind, it it springs Up with divers slender reddish Stalks and provokes the Terms, and expels the Dead Child, and Branches, fiooting forth many clafping tendrels, After birth. Dose from j. dram to ij. drams in much like to a Vine, by which it takes hold of any Wine. Pole, Twig, or other thing which stands neat it· but

XVI. The Balsam or Oil o£ the first. It is good without any such Supporters, it lies upon the ground, against Convulsions, Cramps, Ruptures, Strangury, not being able to fupportit self, for which reason it *s Stinging and Bitings of Venomous Beasts, and other I reckoned among the number of the Climers, or a kind Diieafes of like kind, being anointed upon the P«n of Cucumer, in refpell to the flowers and Fruit. afflitted, Morning and Evening. | The Leaves grow from the Stalks, and stand upon

Foot-stalks, being cut in on the edges, into several divifwns, like to a Vine leaf, or those of white Brio-ny, but much smaller, tenderer, and more divided. The flowers are yellowifi, like to those of the Cucumer, coming forth in the same manner at the Joints with the Leaves: after which comes the Fruit, which is somewhat long and round, pointed at both ends, and bunched on the out side in rows, the skin it self being smooth and very red, almost black when The Fruit is ripe, which has a reddish Pulp within: The Seed ts manifold, rough, hard, flat, and Reddish; but when dry, of a grayish black colour, something like unto Citrul, or Water Alelon Seeds, both for the form and largeness.

IV. The Places. It is Nursed up with us in Gardens, but the Seed came originally to us from Italy, and we yet generally make use of the Italian Seed.

V. The Time. It flowers late with us, and the whole Herb withers before the Fruit comes to ripe-ness ·, it being a tender Plant, and so not able to endure our early cold Nights, for which reason we have no ripe Seed here.

VI. The Qualities. It is almost cold in the first Degree, and dry in the second: It is PecForal, Pul-monick, and Vulnerary, and purely an alterative.

VII. The Specification. It is a peculiar Specifick for the Curing of Wounds and Ulcers.

VIII. The Preparations. 1. A Pouder of the Leaves. 1. A Decoction of the Plant. 3. The In-fpijfate Juice. 4. A Spirituous Tincture. j An Oleaginous Tincture. 6. An Oil by Infusion in Oil Olive. 7. The Balsam.

The Virtues.

IX. The Pouder of the Leaves. Given to j. dram Morning and Evening in Red Port Wine, it is laid to be good against Ruptures or Burftenness and applied, it heals Wounds.

X. The Decoction in Wine, or Wine and Water. . Being drunk to five or six ounces, it gives ease in

1. γ ti ε Ames. It was unknown to the Greeks: the Colick, helps the Gripings of the Bowels, and . 1 Tj1,e Ltti™ cal1 it: Balsamina, which name stops inward fluxes of the Blood, whether from the it too* from its fanative or healing properties. Stomach or Bowels h represses Vapors in Women, ^me call it Vmedia, from its Vine-like appear- | and what some call the rising of the Lights.

XL The


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