This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
liff'a^tha, Bastard Bawm, called by Fuchsius, Melyf-fopftfllum ·, by Clusius, Lamium Pannonicum : thefe we treat of in this Chapter. 3. Melissa Turcica^ Turkey Bawm. 4. Melissa Moluccan 1 odor ate, of which we treat in the next Chapter. 5. Melissa Peregr'tna, called by Matthiolus and Lugdunenfis, Melissa Moldtwica. 6. Melissa Moluccana fcetida of which we lay nothing in this Work.
III. The Description. The common Garden Bawm has a Root of a Woody substance, and full of firings, v:hich endure long, and faften themselves strongly 'in the ground, the Leaves and Stalks only dying every Tear: from this Root springs up divers square green Stalks, with round hard dark green Leaves ( and sometimes of a lighter green, according to the place it grows in) a little dented about the edges, set by couples at the Joynts, and almost of a Citron or Li-mon smell: the blowers are small and gape ing, growing at Tops of the Stalks, of a pale Carnation colour, and almost white.
IV. tuchiius his Bastard Bawm has a hard woody, stringy Root like the former, from whence springs square Stalks half a yard high, with Leaves like unto common Bawm, but larger and darker coloured, and not of so pleasant a scent; the Flowers are white, and sometimes of a pale purple colour, but much larger than those of the former, almost like to the yellow Lamium, or Dead Nettles, or to those of the Mountain Calamint. Parkinson says the flowers are of a pale purplish colour on the lower parts, and whitish above, not being so plcafantly scented as the common Garden Bawm.
V. The Places. The first grows with us only in Gardens', and is profitably planted there, as Pliny lib. 21. cap. 12. lays, for the delight of Bees, for which cause it is called Apiaftrum, and by some Apium folium, Bees leaf. The other is a Native of Hungaria, but is nourifhed up by curious Herborifts in their Gardens. 1 have sometimes found it growing in England, on the Sunny side of Ditch and Bank sides, where the ground has been pretty dry.
VI. The Time, They flower in June, July and August, and wither or dye away towards Winter, ipringing forth a fresh from the old Roots.
VII. 'The Qualities. They are both hot and dry in the second degree : they are Cephalick, Neurotick, Cardiack, and somediing Hysterick: famoully Cordial (chiefly the Garden) and Vulnerary, Aiexi-pharmick, and Alterative.
VIIL The Specification. It is approved against fainting and Iwooning Fits, Poifons, Sickness at Heart, and Hypochondriack Melancholy.
IX. The Preparations. You may prepare from it, r. A cold Distilled Water. 2. A Spirituous Water. 3. A Spirit. 4. A Spiritous Twtfure. 5. An Oily Linilure. 6. A Saline Tincture. 7. An Essence. 8. A S)rup. 9. A sixed Salt. 10. A Balsam or Oil. 11. A Cataplasm. 12. An expressed Juice.
X. The cold Distilled Water. It is a Cordial Water, and only used as a Vehicle to convey Cordial Medicaments in.
XI. The Spiritous Water. If it is a little dulcified with Syrup of Bawm, it is an excellent Cordial, and good against Fainting and Swooning Fits, Convulsions, and the like, and this chiefly in Children : It eases gripings in the Bowels, and comforts Univerfal Nature. Dose from half an ounce to two ounces, according to the Age of the Patient.
XII. The Spirit. This is much more excellent than the former water, and has a mighty power to repress Hypochondriack Melancholy: it revives the
Spirits, and makes the Heart merry and chearfiik ealmg the Paflicns thereof after a wonderful manner. Dose from j. dram to ij. drams in any proper Vehicle.
XIII. The Spiritous Tincture. It has the former Virtues, and more powerful to all the said intentions, but not lb pleasant: It is indeed a declared thing against aUPaffionsof the Heart, the Colick, and Griping Pains of the Bowels. Dose j. or ij. drams, sweetned with the Syrup of the same.
XIV. The Oily Tincture. Outwardly bathed upon any place pained from a cold and moist cause., it gives ease .and relief : and taken inwardly from xij. ro xxx. drops in some fit Vehicle, it gives eaie in pains of the Spleen, Sides and Stomach, especially if they proceed from a cold cause : it atjb eafes pains in the Back and Reins proceeding fromweak-ness and obstructions : and being taken in a right time, it has been found to provoke the Courses in such as have them preternaturally ftopt. 1
XV. The Saline Tincture. Being given from one dram to two, or more, in some proper Liquor, it is good against Poifon, and the bitings of Mad-Dogs, eases the pains of the Stomach, and the gripings of the Bowels, proceeding from sharp humors it 0-pens the obstructions of the Lungs, and causes such to breath freely, who before could scarcely take their breath: It may be made pleasant with the Syrup, of which we shall speak anon.
XVI. The Essence. It causes speedy and easie delivery to Women in Travel and in a mere especial manner is recommended against Hypochondriack Melancholy, being assiduously taken for some time. It has all the Virtues of the Spirit and Tincture, but must be given in a larger Dole, by reason of the gross Particles which are mixt with it: mixed and made pleasant with Role-water and Sugar^ or its own Syrup, it may be profitably given to Women in Child-bed, to bring away the After-birth, or cause a perfect cleanfing. Galen lib. de SimpJ. says, that Bawm is like unto Horehound in Qualities, but much weaker. I will not gainfay Galen totally * but that it may be 10 in some Cases as in Hysterick Diseases :; but where a Cordial is intended, I am fure Bawm is much the superiour, and is much better for Women in their Lying in, when-they,are fainting, from their fore Travel or hard labour. Dose from half an ounce to two ounces. It is good a-gainft Poifon, and the bitings of Venemous Beaffs, and such as have been long troubled with the Bloody Flux.
XVII. The Syrup. It is Cordial, but is chiefly used as a Vehicle to other Cordial Medicines, and · to make them palatable : however it is of it self a singular pectoral, and good against Coughs, Colds, Asthma's, Spitting of Blood, Obstructions of the Lungs* and other like Diseases of the Breast, and parts adjacent.
XVIII. The sixed Salt. It strengthens the Sto-. mach and Spleen, reiifts Vomiting, and carries oft much of the Morbifick Cause by Urine. To stop Vomiting you may give it thus : Take of wis Salt a scruple ·, Spirit of Sulphur viij. or x. drops : mix them till the effervefcence *s over : then dissolve it in a Glass of Canary, or some other Stomatick Vehicle and so give it the Patient to drink.
XIX. The Balsam or Oil. They are most singular Vulneraries, and many times cure Wounds at one Dreffvng: and it is my opinion ( grounded upon the experience I have had of the Plant, in Chirurgerv ) that it is not inferiour for curing Wounds and Ulcers, to any of the Allheals: and from its vulnerary and healing Properties it was, that our Ancestors called it Balm, as being of the nature of Balsam. Out-wardly applied it is good against the ftinging or ftri-
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