This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
king of Scorpions, and the Poysonous Bite of the
Χ X. The Cataplasm. Being applyed it eases Pains coming from a cold Cause, and Difcuffes Flatulent Tumors: and being mixt with a little Niter, or the Amalgamation of Mercury with Lead, it prevails against Wens, Kernels and hard Swellings in the Neck and Throat or other parts, and is good*also to give eaie in the Gout, and ripen Biles and break them.
XXI. The Expressed Juice. It strengthens the Vital Spirits ·, and being given to iij. iv. or vj. Spoonfuls in a Glass of White sort Wine, it causes speedy Delivery to Women in Travel, and brings forth both Uirth and After-birth. It' is an Antilcorhutick, and helps bloody Flux, by reason of its £al(amick arid healing Virtues. Put into the Eyes, it is a singular remedy for dimness of Sight, and being mixed with Honey it takes off Films which ob-fiifcate and hinder the Sight.
XXII. The Bastard Bawm. You may make the same Preparations of this, as of the former, and they have in General the same Virtues, but as to the Vital Indications, they are not ib powerful. However in ail Hyfterick Diseases they very much exceed, as being more erfecf ual in opening Obstructions of the Womb, and resisting Fits of the Mother.
Chap. LIV. Bawm, Turkey and Syrian.
τ r-r^HE Names. The first is called m Latin, 1 Melissa Turcica, or Melissophillum, or Meli-rhxllum Turcicum: by Gefner in Hort. Cedro-mclla, and Citrago Turcica, and in Englifi, Turkey
•BjU?The other is called in Latin-, Melissa Syriaca,
and by some Melissa Moluccana: by Matthiolus, Melissa Conftantinopolkana: and by Tabernmontanus, Cardiaca Syriaca: by Lobel, Mafeluc Turcorum.
III. The Kinds. TheTurkey Bawm, is the Third Species, in our order: The Syrian, or Moluccan con-ttitutes the Fourth Species, which are all rhat are neceQary for us to conlider in this Work. This Syrian Bawm, Authors will have to be twofold, viz. Levis and Afpera, oiAfperior: or Odor at a, and In-odorata.
' IV. The Description. The Turkey Bawm has a Root small and threadv, which periftjes every Tear at the first approach of Winter, and therefore must be Sown fresh again, every Spring, trom this Rooot rises up one square browmfh green Stalk, two Feet high and sometimes more, if it grows in good Ground, fpreading it self with two Branehes from every Joint, where the Leaves arefet; and this cotsrfe is continued up almost to the Top. The Leaves are narrower and longer than those of Common Garden Bawm, and more dented in about the edges, of a sweet Lim-mon scent, rather exceeding that of Common Bawm: they are rough -alfo, and of a like Green Colour. Tne Flowers are gaping or hooded, growing at the Tops of the Branches at certain L>tflances, β and ing in sharp, rough, pointed Husks-, and they are of a blew or purpltfh blew Colour-, but in some the Colour is perfectly white, whence several Authors would make several Kinds thereof, tho at the same time they differ in nothing but the (Colour of the Flowers-, but some say the Leaves are of afrefher green Colour, which I have not yet observed. After the Flowers are past, then comes the Seed, which is black and roundifh, with a white Spot .in each Seed, whilst it is fresh, which afterwards in a manner Vanifhes, not being so dtfcemable when dry.
V. The Syrian Bawm, has a Woody thick Root, and full of firings, which perishes every Tear. From wfjence rises up, a round billow Stalk, thick, and of a reddish Colour, about Two Feet high, branching forth varioufiy on all sides up to the Top, on which are set shorter and rounder Leaves, at the end of longer Foot Stalks. The other Leaves stand also upon Foot Stalks, and much refemble those of the Common Bawm (for which reafon, some^Authors have taken this to be one of the Kinds thereof) somewhat less dented about the edges, than the Garden Kind. At the Joints of the Stalk, from the middle upwards, come forth round about it, certain hard, whitish Skins, small and round at the bottom, and wide open at the brims, a little prickly at the corners, and much like unto a Bell, being for the most part five Cornered. From the bottom of each of these,comes forth one Flower, somewhat small, and life to those of the Common Bawm, almost white in Colour, or with a small blush of Red therein. After they arepaft, in the bottom of the same skinny Bell, the Seed grows (but it very rarely comes to be Ripe withjss) which is whitish and Cornered. The Flant has nothing of the smell of Bawm in it; but it is. strong, and the Tafia is bitter.
VI. The other Syrian Kind, which is called Afpe-rior, differs not much from the former, as to its Form, yet it rises a litter higher, and grows somewhat greater but after the same fashion: the Stalk of this is Four Square , and lightly hollowed or furrowed. The Leaves are somewhat longer and sharper on the edges. The Cups or Bells hi which the Flowers grow are more prickly than the former, and much shorter at the corners of them, longer, more in number^ and of a paler white Colour. The Tunnels of the Flowers are brownish, and not so white as the other ; and the Seed is three cornered, and sharp upwards like a Wedge.