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00113

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


VII. The Places. The Turkey Bawm grows naturally in Moldavia and several parts of Turky, from whence it is brought to us, and Nourifh'd up in Gardens. The Syrian Bawm, called also Moluccan, was thought by Matthiolus to grow in the Molucca Iflands (whence that Name.) But Parkinson says he was miftaken: and that Sequinus an Italian lent them from Syrta to Verona, from whence they were brought to us, and nouriih'd up in Gardens only.

VIII. The Times. The Turkey Bawm Flowers the latter end of June, or in July: but the Syrian Kinds, leldom Flower before the middle of August, for which reafon, they seldom give any good Seed, which the Turkey Bawm fails not to do.

IX. The Qualities. The Turkey Bawm agrees herein wholly with our Common Garden Bawm. The Syrian Bawm is hot in one Degree and dry in two, Hysterick, Vulnerary, and Alterative.

X. The Specification. The Turkey Bawm is peculiar against Vertigo's, Faintings^and Sickness at Heart. The Syrian reiifts fits ot the Mother, and Vapors from the Womb.

XI. The Preparations. The Shops keep nothing of them, but you may Prepare therefrom, i. A Powder from the Leaves and Flowers. 2. A Decoction in Wine. 3. An Expressed Jtice, 4. A Spiritu-otfs Tincture. 5. An Oily Tincture. 6. A Saline Tincture. 7. An Essence. 8. A Syrup. 9. A Fixed Salt. 10. A Balsam or Oil. IT. A Cataplasm.

The Virtues.

XII. All these several Preparations of the Turkey Bawm, have the same Virtues, Uses and Dofes, with* those of our Common Garden Bawm; fo that no more need be said of them in this place, and therefore we refer yon to their refpecFive Titles in the1 Chapter aforegoing.

XIII. The Pouder of the Syrian Bawm, heats, rarities, and cleanses.

XIV. The Decoction of it in Wine, Kills Worms, and is good against the pains of the Mother, Vapors, and the like. Dose iv. ounces.

XV. The Expressed Juice of it, Kills Worms, and gives relief in Hitterick Fits, pains of the Spleen, and the like. Dose j. ounce or more.

XVI. The Spirituous Tincture of it, Expels Poyson or Venom, and is good against the rlague or Pestilence, and all sorts of Malign fevers. Dose half an ounce.

XVII. T\:e Oily Tincture of it, Gives ease in the Colick, given to one Dram in Ale or Wine: and outwardly applyed helps Palsies, and eases Pains from a cold Cause, in any part of the Body.

XVIII. The Saline Tincture of it, Is a Specifick for killing Worms in the Body, whether of old or young. Dose j. or ij. Drams in Wine or Ale.

XIX. rThe Essence of it, Kills Worms, and cures Fits of the Mother, Convulsions of the Bowels, && Dose from ij. Drams to vj. in Ale or Wine.

XX. The Syrup of it, has the Virtues of the Essence, but is much weaker, and is mostly used as a Vehicle to convey the other Preparations in.

XXI. The Fixed Salt of it, removes Obftruai-ons of the Spleen and Womb. t)ofe to xx grains of it, in a Decoction of the Herb, sweetned with the Syrup thereof

XXII. The Balsam or Oil of it, is Vulnerary, and eases Pains of the Spleen and Joints.

XXIII. The Cataplasm of it, DifculTes Tumors arising from Cold and Wind, and gives ease in the Spleen being applied to- the Region thereof.

Chap. LV. Beans Garden and Bastard.

τThe Names. The Bean is called in Ardhick, Bachale, Bachele, Bakilla, and HochUle in Greek, Κι;*/*©-: and in Latin, Yah a. The Cod is called in Greek by Ariftotle 0;;*M: by Nicander, λίπ&,\>''μα,·τ*<τκ& : by Hefichius χ'0ζ@-, ύζ*ζχ : and •y Apolioni//s Κί\υφ&: and in Latin, Thee a.

II. The Kinds. There are many Kinds of Beans, hut those which we shall chiefly take notice οζ are i. The Garden. 2. Kidney or French. 3. The Field or Horfe Bean. Of the Garden Kind there are said to be two sorts, 1. The True. 2. The Bastard.

III. The Description. The True, Large, Sweet Garden Bean, has a Root thick, with many Fibres or Strings annexed to it; from which rises up One, Tzvo, Three Stalks (according to the goodness of the

Ground) smooth and square, and sometimes Four or Five Feet high or more. Upon these Stalks are set the Leaves at certain diftances upon a small Foot-Stalk, from the very bottom almost to the' top, by Two and Two, wheh are Fleshy, thick, of a light green, and long, a little pointed at the ends. Between these Leaves and Stalk come forth divers Flowers, all of them looking one way for ώε most part, which are clofe, a little turrid up at the brims, White, and spotted with a blackish Spot in the middle, and somewhat purplish at the foot or bottom ; of the Form almost of Broom, or PEase Flowers, many of which, that grow upwards towards the top, do seldom bear Seed, and therefore are gathered by many to be Distilled ajtd the tops also being cut off, it makes the rest of the Plant to thrive the better. The Flowers being gone, there grows forth long.gr e at, jmocth, green Cods, greater than in the other Kinds of Beans, which

^ grow


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