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00114

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


grow black when they are ripe, and contain within them, Two, Three, or Four, flat and somewhat roundish long Beans, either white or reddijh, which latter when ripe grow many times black withall.

IV. The Bastard Bean, Differs little or nothing in the Yorm ami Shape of the Plant, or in the manner of its growing, from the former, fave that it fel-dom growt full out Jo large a<f the True Garden one doth, ncr are the Beans themselves altogetherJο large: but that which is the principal note of dijiintl i-on, between this and the True Kind, is their want of that sweet ness, pleafintness, and excellent Taste which the Right Garden fort has: and therefore by reafon. of the small difference which is between them in rejpeel to their Yorm and growing, they are generally Sold in the Market the one for t1)e other: tho at the same time the Gardener 'can diftinguifh between them.

V. The Places. These are both Sown in Gardens with us, but the latter are for the most pan Sown abroad in large Fields, and Sold in Markets for the ioiTner. \

VI. rThe Times. They Flower in April ana May, and that gradually, so that they are long in Flowering : pud the Beans themselves are Ripe in July and August.

\ II. The Qualities. They are Temperate as to heat or cold, and moist in the first Degree ; Nephritick, Lithontriptick, Spermatogenetick, Suppurative, and Alterative.

VIII. The Specification. They are peculiar against Gravel in Reins or Bladder, rest ore in Coniumpions, ior they nouriih much, and being much Eaten cure a Diarrhtea.

IX. The Preparations. The Shops keep, i. A Water from the flowers or the whole Plant. 2. A Meal or Flower from the Beans. Bury ou may make therefrom also, 3. A Decoction of the Beans in

9 Wafer or Wine. 4. An Essence of the Leaves and Cods. 5. A Cataplasm of the Beans. 6. A Volatile Salt, Spirit and Oil from the Beans. 7. The Ashes of the Cods and Stalks. 8. A jlrcng Broth.

The Virtues.

X. The Distilled

II

the Flowers, ot whole

Plant when in Flower. They are chiefly used as Cosmeticks, to soften, whiten, cool, and beautify the Skin, it being often wafhed therewith, and fullered to dry on: but before it is applyed, the Face and Hands-ought to be made purely clean wirh warm Water in which Wheat Bran or Bean Meal has been boiled: some Ladies have affirmed to me, that by a continued andTong ufing this Wafh,or Water Distil led from the Flowers, they have had Lentils, Free kles, and other Deformities of the Skin perfecFly removed. This I believe, that if it is acuated with some small quantity of the Volatile Salt, and then uied, it may do much in that Kind.

XI. The Meal or Flower. Being used with warm Water to wafh the Face and Skin with, it cleanses it admirably, and is laid to take away Deformities thereof, as ScurfF, Spots, Wrinkles, Tannint, Sun-burning, and the like.

XII. The Decoction in Wine or Water. It is very good against the Stone and Gravel whether in the Reins ot Bladder,and provokes Urine-, so also a Decoction of the Green Cods, or a Water Distilled from the same.

XIII. The Essence from the Leaves and green CodsFt is Diuretick and Lithontriptick, removing the Matter eaufing the Strangury, whether it be Gravel, Sand, Shae or other Glutinous Matter. Mixed with Honey and taken, it prevails against Coughs Colds. Rheum* Catarrhs, and other Distempers of^dVe Ur^ ^

• XIV. The Cataplasm of Bean Flower or Meal. If // is made with Vinegar and Oil, and applied to Womens Breasts, fwelled with abundance of Milk, lb that they can scarcely hold, it will not only repress the Milk, but also discusses the Tumor or Swelling occaiioned by Curdling thereof If the Cataplasm be made with Fxnugreek and honey, and applied to Felons, Biles, Bruises, Apoftems, as also Kernels about the Ears, and Kings-Evil Swellings, it helps them all. If the Cataplasm is made with Wine, and applied to Watering Eyes, or Eyes having a Contu-fion by blows, it gives eaie and does them good. Ij made with Whites of Eggs, Rofe Leaves and Yrankin-eenfe, and applied, it helps Eves which Swell or grow out. ij it is made with White Wine, and with Vinegar and Oil, and applied to the Cods, it takes away their Pain and Swelling. If it is made with Wine only , and a little Oil, and Eaten, it is good against Impotency; and itirs up Luft in such as cannot use the AcF of Generation, by reason of the cold-ness,fluggiihrjg^and weakness of their Members. If Fried in Oil^^msarlick to the thickness of a Hafty Pudding, ancfflKn as daily Food, it helps inveterate Coughs, almost past cure, and the hoarieness of the Voice: and being for some time Eaten, it breaks Apoftems of the Breast and Lungs.

XV. The Ajhes from the Cods and Stalks, Being Infufed in Ale or Wine, and rhe Liquor Drunk, they are very Diuretick, and open all Obifucf ions of the Reins and Bladder, and therefore are very good a-gainft Sand, Gravel, Stone, Dropfy, Jaundice and Gout. The Ashes made into a Cataplasm with Hogs Lard, and applied, are good against old Pains, Con-, tuiions, Wounds of the Nerves, Defluxions upon the Joynts, the Sciatica, and Gout, whether in Hands* Arms, Knees or Feet.

XVI. The Volatil Salt, Spirit and Oil of the Beans. Beans and PEase yield a vaft Quantity of Volatil Salt, and in much larger Proportion than any other Vegetable ProducFion. It is*thus made. Ife Beans ife x. whole and. dry, put them into a large Earthen Retort, or into a large Glass one well Luted; so large as that about a third part may remain Empty: put it into a close Furnace of Reverberation, luting to it a large Receiver or great Glass Ball: ftop' the Registers oj the Cover of we Furnace, and make asmall ί'ire in the Cinder or Ajhesplace,atfirstl, only to warm the Retort, and heat the Matter within which keep so for an Hour; then kindle a fire in the Grate Place, gentle at first for an Hour more; after which increase it gradually from Hour to Hour, but not to an Excefs: in the mean feafon, the Aqueous parts will come over in large quantity, then give a little Air to theRegisterof the Cover of the Furnace on the Receivers side, continually encreasing the Fire, till you see the Receiver tobetfilledwith white Clouds, which zvill by degrees condenje into Liquor; the Oleaginous and Salt parts sinking to the bottom of the Yfffel; keep now an equal hire, for about two Hours, giving a little Air to the Register, after which open it for altogether, giving a more violent heat, and at length a flaming Yire, which continue till the Vapors ceafe, and the Receiver is clear: let then the Fire go out, and the Vessels cool. In the Receiver you will have much Flegm*mixt with Oil, and Spirit, and Volatile Salt, so penetrating that you will not be able to hold your Nose and Eyes over the Mouths of the Vessels. Put all these Substances immediately into a a Bolt Head with a long Keck, covered, with its Head well Luted, and fitted with a Beak end Receiver: place it iHt a Sand heat, in a cool Airy place, so may you see the Volatile Salt Ascend by little and little,and coagulate it self in the Head {which you must often cool by double Cloths dip in cold Water, to hinder the Dissolution of the Salt): This Salt with what speed

may


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