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00115

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


may be take out of The Head, and keep it in a Glass Bottle close stopped, and in a cool place, for it turns into Liquor or Spirit with the least beat, and fooner than any other Volatile Salt: but you must have another Head ready to put on in the place of the former, jolyofe junctures being well Lotted, continue the reili-fication, so will you have in the Recipient, the rest of the Volatile Salt Diffolved in a little of the flegm (wpich is the Spirit) and the Volatile Oil, which you may separate and keep a part; the ufelcfs flegm, and stinking part of the Oil remaining at bottom of the Matrafs.

XVII. This Volatile Salt of Beans, is a strong Sudorifick, and one of the most Subtil and Volatile Salts that is, being of the same ule with all other Volatile Salts. It is good against Palsies, Cramps,. Withered Limbs, Epilepiies, Apoplexies, Gouts, Rheumatifins, Colicks, and other Diseases of the Head, Brain, Womb, Nerves, and Joints. It kills Worms, and is admirably good in Fits of the Mother. The Spirit is also of the same Virtue. The; Oil, is stronger, and therefore in outward applicant ons, it may be mixt with Oil of Bitter Almonds, orj Oil of Ben, and the Stomach and Navel anointed' with it, for Fits of the Mother. In Diseases of the Brain, also of the Womb, you may put it up the Noftrils. Dose of the Salt, a gr. vj. ad xij. of the' Spirit, from xv drops to xxx. or xl. and of the Oil a gut. ij. ad vj. all which are to be given in lome proper Vehicle.

XVIII. The strong Broth of the Beans. It is Nutritive in the higheft Senle ib far as a Vegetable can be Nutritive ·, It also ftirs up Luft, and is of good ule where there is an Impotency in the Male Kind, who have not the power to use the AcF of Generation, by reason of a weakness in the Inftruments of Generation, or defecF of Seed, as it has refpecF either to Quantity or Quality. And by reason the Bean, (especially the Field Kind) has the Signature of the Glans of the Penis, Pythagoras and his Followers judged then to provoke Luft, which afterwards by j multitudes of Experiments and Observations, has been confirm'd to us, even from that time to this day. This Broth strengthens the Bowels and restores Nature, stopping all sorts of Lasks and Fluxes of the Belly, inveterate Coughs and other Distempers of the Lungs: It is Nephritick and Diuretick, much provoking Urine, and therefore is good against all ObfbucFions of the Reins and Bladder. If this Broth is made for Nutriment fake, it will be necessary to boil the Beans till they are Broken, and the Flowery part of them mixed and as it were dissolved in the Liquor, which afterwards may be made iavory with a little Salt, Juice of an Orange, and a bit of sweet Butter. Beans are indeed Flatulent (by which property they are said to stir up Luft,) yet accounted good Food. Nos Trago Subfcribimns re-ccntes innoxias effe inCibo, &bonum fuccumgignere. Ray, Hift. Plant, lib. 18. cap. 2.

79

II. The other is called in Greek κύψ& κΌκκηθ-, & <ΡΑσιο\©- κίκκιν©-: in Latin, E/ba Coccmus, Cf Phafe-olus Coccinus: and in English, the Scarlet" Bean.

III. The Kinds. The Species of the Kidney Bean are very many : whose chief differences coniift most in the Colour of the Beans, which every Child is able to distinguish at Sight, as the White, the Black, the Red, the Purple, the various Coloured, the Great, the Small, &c. as for other Differences, as they would be superffuous and needlefs, fothey would be almost endlefs.

IV. The Scarlet Bean is laid to be of two Kinds; 1. That which Grows and is Common with us in England. 2. The Indian Downy or Hairy Bean, which is called Cow Itch, which lee in tigExetieks] lib. 3. chap. 73. following.

CHAP. LVI. BEANS Kidney and Scarlet.

I. '"p WE Names. This Plant is called by Hippo-JL crates, Theophraftus , and most of the Ancient Writers δ$α««* : some from the Seed call it Ataar, ^ ASC/cr- others name it tuaichow a diminitive from φΛγηαο* Difcorides calleth it KttmU, 0 *«f-a&t Λό£/Λ: in Latin, Smilax hortensis, Siliqua, Pha-feolus: mArabick, Lubia: in English, Kidney Bean, and Garden Kidney Bean.

V. The Description. It has a long Root with many fibres springing from it, which perishes every Year, from which rises up at first but one Stalk, which afterwards divides it self into many Arms or Branches, every one of them being so weak, 'that they cannot fuftain themselves, but are upheld by SticXs or Poles, or other adjacent things, taking hold with its clafping tendrels thereupon, in like manner cs does Bryony, Hops, and the Vine, otherwife they would lye f'ruitlefs upon the Ground, from these Branches grow forth at several places long foot Stalks, every one of which has three broad, round, pointed Leaves, of a green Colour, growing together by three's as in the Common Trefoil: Towards the Tops of the Branches come forth divers flowers in form like to PEase BlolToms, which vane and differ in their Colours according to the Soil in which they Grow, sometimes White, Black,'Red, Yellow, Purple,Tal* and Various Coloured, for the most part of the same Colour the Beans will be of. After which come forth long andflender, flat, lightifhgreen Cods, tnoftiy

\ crooked a little, and some fir ait, in which are contained the Beans, made almost in form of a Kidney, flat and much about the Magnitude of Horse Beans.

VI. The Scarlet Bean is a large Plant, but differs not much in its manner of growing from the former

Kidney


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