This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
Kidney Bean: but the Flowers are large and many, and of an Elegant Scarlet Colour ; for which reason it is commonly called by our Florists, The Scarlet Bean.
VII. The Places. They Grow both of them, not only in England, but also in most parts of Europe, and with us they are nouriuYd up in Gardens. The first or Common Garden Kidney Bean (which some call the French Bean) extend their Branches to very great length, having Poles or other like things to support and fatten themselves upon. The Scarlet Bean was first Brought to us by John Tradescant, and made to Grow in our Gardens, where it now very naturally flourishes. «g!
VHT. The Times. They are sown in the Spring, chiefly about the middle of April, and not before, and the Beans themselves are ripe, about the latter end of the Year.
IX. The Vitalities. The former are Hot and Moist in the first Degree: (as for the latter they are more for the Show and Beauty of the Flowers, than for any Phylical ufe:) They are also Suppurative, astringent as to the Bowels, Nephritick, Sperma-togenetick, and Alterative.
X. The Specification. There is nothing Obier-vable in this, laving that they have been found ro provoke Urine.
XL The Preparations. The Shops keep nothing of them-, but you may make therefrom, i. A Distilled Water from the green Cods, and whole Plant. 2. Λ Decoction oj the green Cods, or whole Plant in Water or Wine. 3. An Essence of the Leaves and Cods. 4. A Volatile Spirit, Oil and Salt, from the dr/d Beans. f. The Aflxs of the Straw and Cods. 6. The green Cods to *>e eaten as a Sallet. '*
XII. The Distilled Water, May be used as a Vehicle to convey Nephririck, Diuretick, and Lython-triptick Medicaments in.
XIII. The Decoction in Wine or Water is very Diuretick-, and as its Signature fhews, powerfully opens Obstructions of the Reins, Ureters and .Bladder : It may be Drank a Pint at a time morning, noon, and night a little sweetned with Hony, and be continued for some days.
XIV. The Essence. It has the Virtues of the Decoction, but much more Powerful, and is a singular iweetner of the Blood.
XV. The Volatile Spirit, Oil, and Salt. They are made from the dry'd Beans, exacFly as we have Taught in the former Chapter, Sell. 16. and their several Virtues, Uses, and Doles are the same, lb that we need lay no more of them in this place.
. XVF The Ashes of the Straw and Cods, being In-fufed a Night or .two in a Bottle of Ale or Wine dole stopt up-, and that Liquor Drank Morning, Noon and Night, half a Pint at a time, or more, it powerfully provokes Urine, opens obstructions of the Reins and Ureters, and plentifully brings away Sand, Gravel, Slime, or other Tartarous Matter offending those Pans. You may put xvj, ounces of the Ajhes to a Gallon of Ale or Wine.
XVII. The Green Cods. They have the Virtues of the other Beans, provoke Lust and breed Seed: boiled and eaten with sweet Butter and a little Salt, and Juice, of-Oranges, they loofen the Belly, provoke Urine, strengthen and please the Stomach, and make good Blood; but they ought to be eaten whiieft they are green and tender (otherwise they will not be so Toothfbm) and the Rib [or String which runs along the Cod, being taken away, then to be boiled close Covered, till they are fbfrilh, and lb dreft up with Salt, .melted fresh Butter and Juice of Sevil Oranges, as aforelaid^ in which manner they ate very wholfom, nourifhing, Restorative, and of a pleasant and grateful Taste, and not in the least inferior to the other large Garden Beans.
Chap. LVII. Beans Field or Horse.
τΗ ε Names. It is called in Greek, ZyeM : in Latin, Faba Equina, Faba
and by Dodonaus, Phafelus Minor, Faba agria, Vel Rufiica: and in English, Field Bean, and Horse Bean. Κυαμύΐ Gracis diUi creduntur quia funt us 70 kvuy JWi χ) itnci 7* aw. Ray.
Π. The Kinds. We shall take notice but 4>f three sorts of these Beans. The First Kind, is out Common Field Bean, which is ufiially sown with us or Horseszrn Hogs-, and is Named as afore declared. The Second Kind, is that which the Greek: call ribW©-, and by some Kt/^uc* £ytm: in Latiny 'aba Sylvestris, Faba Grxca; and in Englifi, The Wild Bean. The Third Kind, is the Old Greek Bean, called Κν*ρ@· ϊλλ«πχ©-: in Latin, Faba Ve-terum Grjtcorum , Faba Sylvestris Gr&corttm anti-quorum: in Englifi, The Greek Bean of the Ancients. ■ IJ SISSKr*
III. The Description. The Field or Horse Bean has a fiort Root, going down right, with many small firing's springing from it, which perishes every ' ear; from whence springs forth one, two, or more. Stalks, which- grow upright like the Garden Bean, not leaning down; the Leaves are lijte unto the Garden Bean, without any dents on the edges, but they are smaller, more tit a Joint, and growing closer: the Flowers stand also more at a Joint, lesser, and more purplish Colour: the Cods succeeding