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00117

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


them are long and round, smaller than the Garden Kind, and standing upright: within which are [mall longijh round Beans, whit h when they are Ripe, are some blackish, some brownifl), and some of a dirty yellow.

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much from the former, fave that it is Something less in the Magnitude of the Plant, and the Beans them-J elves are black and round.

V. The Greek Bean has a Root which goes not deep nor far into the Ground, but fends forth many long fibres orflrings,dying every Year, from whenceJprings forth two or three long flat Stalks, with two edges, lying or running upon the ground, if it has nothing to rise or clafp upon. The Stalks branch out on every side into flalksof Leaves, four commonly set thereon, by two and two, with a difiance between them, like unto the Garden Bean, and each Branch bending in a long Clafper. The Flowers grow fingly at the Joynts of the Branches, under the Leaves, and are of a kind of dead, dull, purple Colour, with somepaleness at bottom of them: after which succeed long and some-what flat Cods, with two sharp edges, dented about, end a little hooked or bowing, green at first, but afterwards black and hard when they are Ripe. In these Cods are contained four or five, or more round Beans, very black, and as large as Peaie.

VI. The Places. The First grows with us every where, in Fields, and are chiefly Sown for the Food of Hoggs and Horses, whence their Name: The Second and Third sorts grow with us only in Gardens but are Natives of Spain and Greece, where they are plentifully to be found.

VII. The Times. They all Flower in April, and May, and June, and that gradually, for they are long in Flowering-, and the Seed is Ripe some-times in July-, but mostly in August and September.

VIII. The clitics. Our Field Beans are hot and mo; it in the first Degree, fuppurative, strengthening and fpermatogehetick: nephritick, diuretick, and alterative: and used externally, as in Waihings, they are of an abfterfive faculty. The Wild Bean, and labaVetenm, or Greek Bean, which Diofcori-des, Galen, and other Greek Authors intend, when they give us their Virtues, are used to all the same purposes and intentions ascribed to these Our Field Beans.

IX. The Specification. They have a peculiar Faculty to remove Obstructions of Urine; and to make a clear paflage for the Water.

X. The Preparations. They are exactly the same with the former, as 1. ADiJlilled Water from the Flowers and green Cods. 2. A Oecotlion of the same. 3. An Essence. 4. A Volatile Spirit, Oil, and Salt. 5. The Ajhes and Fixed Salt. 6. A Broth of the Beans. 7. A Cataplasm of the Meal.

The Virtues.

^ XI. The Diflilled Water. It is used as a Vehicle for other Preparations, and as a cosmetick for the Face and Skin, to take away Scurf, Morphew, Tannings, Sunburnings and other like Deformities, by often waihing therewith, and letting it dry on.

XII. The Decotiion of Cods and Plant, opens Ob-ftru&ions of the Vtfcera, but chiefly of the Reins, Ureters and Bladder, and provokes Urine.

XIII. The Essence, Is laid to dilTolve the Stone in Reins or Bladder, but then I conceive it must be a sort and gritty Stone, not of a Flint like Substance: it increases Seed, and provokes Lust.

XIV. The Volatile Spirit, Oil, and Salt of the drfd Beans, They are made as those of Garden Bean's chap. 55. Sett. 16. and have all the same Virtues, Uses and Doses.

XV. The Afles and Fix'd Salt. They are Diuretick, and powerfully provoke Urine, and therefore are singularly good against the Dropsy Sarfites, Gout, Stone, Gravel, and Jaundice. Dose a scruple in White Wine, morning and night.

XVI. The Broth of the Beans. It has the same Virtues, but not all out so Powerful.

XVII. The Cataplasm. Made with Wine, it is good against fuffuffions and Blows of the Eyes, and is profitably applyed to ease the Pains of the Gout. Made with Wine Vinegar, and applyed, it takes away the Inflammation of the Tefti-cles, and Womens Breasts, and apply'd where Hairs are first and immediately plucked sorth, it consumes their Nutriment, and in some meafure hinders their growing again. And // beaten up with Whites of Eggs, it is good against the Pin and Web, and helps the Watering of the Eyes. If made with Vinegar and equal parts of Barley Meal, it is said to waft away the Swellings of the Kings Evil. If made up with equal parts of Meal of Unugrerk, it takes black and blew spots, occafioned through Blows, and DifculTes hard Swellings under the Ears. If the Cataplasm is made with Oxymel, it is good against the Stinging of Scorpions, and Bitings of Venomous Beasts, discusses Tumors caused by Blows and Bruises, abates the Milk in Womens Breasts, and eases Wounded Nerves, if apply'd upon the Wound.


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