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This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


are of a better taste, and of a red Colour like the former Beer. Gerard says, they are of a very red Colour, and that they^ a* well at the Root, Stalk, and Flowers, are repleat with a perfcil purple Juice, tending to Redncjs : the middle Rib of the Leaves is for the the most part very broad and thick, like the middle part of the Cabbage Leaf which is equal in goodness with Cabbage being boiled: the Flowers (excepting the height of the Colour) and the Seed are all one with the former Common Red Kind. Gerard says that in 1596. // grew with him to the height of viij. Cubits, which is xij. Feer, and did bring forth its rough and unpleafing Seed very plentifully. With this Plant (says he) Nature seems to Play and Sport her self: for the Seeds taken from that Plant, which was altogether of one Colour, being Sown, do bring forth Plants of many and variable Co/ours, very beautiful. Now if I may be admitted to render a Reafon of this Variety, I am of opinion it is from the differing Soils in which they are Sown, which thing I have observed in several other Plants, even to admiration.

IV. The Places. It is Originally a Foreign Plant, and brought to us out of Italy, but now is become a free Denizon, or rather a Native of our Country, in which it thrives as well as in any place of the World. It is nouriih'd with us only in Gardens where it prospers very well.

V. The Times. It Flowers in the latter end of June if the Season is warm, or beginning of July-, and yields its ripe Seed in August.

VI. The Qualities. It is temperate as to heat and cold, and dry in the end of the first Degree, Traumatica very astringent, and something Styptick withall, Splenetick, and Hysterick, Alterative, and Analeptick.

VII. The Specification. It is a peculiar thing for ftopping Hemorrhages.

VIII. The Preparations. You may Prepare from it I. A Liquid Juice. An Inspissate Juice. 3. An Essence. 4. A Decotfien. $. A Catapltfm. 6. A Saline Tincture.

The Virtues.

IX. The Liquid Juice. Given to iij or iv. ounces in White Wine, it is good against the Yellow Jaundice : it also stops all Fluxes of Blood in the internal parts causing Spittings, Vomiting, or piiTing of Bloody besides which it is admirable for the cure of aDyfen-tery, and other Fluxes of the Bowels, very much ttrengthening them.

X. The Inspissate Juice. Being reduced to Pou-der, and ftrewed upon any bleeding Wound, it prer fently stops the bleeding. So also being dilTolved, in Vinegar or Oxycrate, and thenStuphes to be dipt in and apply'd. This Juice dilTolved in Syrup of Limons, and made into a Lohoch, is excellent to ttrengthen a Weak Stomach, being sometimes taken with a Liquorice Stick.

XL The Essence. Being taken daily with TinUu-ra Martis, it powerfully opens Obstructions of the Spleen: And being taken with Crocus Martis Aftr'in-gens, it powerfully stops the overflowing of the Courses.

XII. The Decoction. It has the Virtues of the Juices and Essence, but is somewhat weaker, and therefore ought to be taken longer. It will be better if it be made with Red Stiptick Wine, or with the Rougheft Red Florence.

XIII. The Cataplasm. If it is made of the raw Leaves and apply'd, it removes DandrifT or the white ScurfT, the place being first well rubbed with Sal Nitre ·, it also stops the fpreading of running Sores, and helps Scald-Heads, (if mixed with a

little Mitre) as also the Tinea, Alopecia, and other ill-natured breakings out of those parts, which cause the Hair to fall. If it is made of the boiled Leaves, it is good against Burnings and Scaldings, Inflammations, and other hot Tumors, Tubercles, Wheals and such like, proceeding from Inflamed Blood and Choler.

XIV. The Saline TinElure. It is good against Scabs, Itch, Scurff, DandrifT, Scales, Scurvey, Spots, Lice, Nits, &c. Chilblains, Kibed Heels, the parts affecTed being often waihed, and sometimes well foaked in the same,

XV. It is used (I mean the Root) a* a Sallet, and to adorn and furnifh out Difies of Meat withall, being as sweet and good as any Carrot: and if boil'd as Carrots, and eaten with Butter, Vinegar, Salt and Pepper, it makes a most admirable Diih, and very agreeable with the Stomach.

Chap. LXIII. Bell-flower Small.

ϊ· ΗΠΗε Names. Some Authors will allow this X Plant no Greek Name^ but others fup-poie it to be the same with Dioscorides his Φυ-κυμα,: It is called in Latin, Campanula: and in Englijh, Bell Flower.

' II. The Kinds. Authors make almost an Infinite number of Kinds, amongft which are the Throat Worts, Campions, Rampions, and several other No-minals, lb that they run into so great Confufion a-bout them that it is not easy to be set right. Tq avoid therefore all this clutter and trouble, we shall Treat of those otherwise Denominated under their proper Titles and Names they are bell: known by* and in this and the succeeding Chapter, discourse only of the Chief of those which are peculiarly called Bell-Flower.


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