This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
Flowers. Ot the Bell-Flowers of which we shall take notice, there are two Principal Kinds, viz. i. The Small Bell-Flower, of which we Treat m this Chapter. 2. The Great Bell-flower h of which i the next Chapter.
III. Of the Small Bell-flower, we take notice of three kinds : I. Campanula Cerulea vel Rotundifoha, Blew or Round-lead d Bell-flower. 2. Campanula alba, White Bell-flower. 3. Campanula lute a, Tellow Bell-flower.
IV. The Defcriprtion. The Blew or Round-leav'd has asmall thready Root, from whence rises uP Leaves which lye upon trie ground, round and small, almost like unto a Violet-leaf but rounder, and Jnipped or dented, from whence rise up divers weak, slender Stalks about two foot high, set from the bottoms to the tops, with many very small, long, narrow leaves, where the flowers ft and upon small long stalks, very like in fashion and bigness unto the small Garden Rampions, but of a perfect blew colour, most commonly turning towards Purple, and sometimes White, thd Jeldom: after which follows small Seeds, in small Heads, like those of Rampions.
V. The White Bell-flower ( which some account a kind of Wild Rampion ) is a small Plant with a flen-der Root, of the bigness of a small ftraw, with some firings springing from it. The leaves are somewhat long,fmcoth, and of a perfeft green colour, lying flat upon the ground. From thence rise small tender stalks Jet here and there with a few leaves; and the flowers grow at the tops of them of a Milk-white colour.
VI. The Yellow Bell-flower is a very beautiful Plant of an handful high: It has roots like to the Blew or Round-leav'd ; and the leaves are almost like to the same,fave that those which lie next the ground are not so round as the former, a little larger, and longifh, and some of them a little dented about the edges the flowers in their way and manner of growing, are like the former, but differ only in the colour, these being of a pale yellow.
VII. The Places. They grow wild in most places in England, eipeciallv upon barren landy Heaths, and such other like places.
VIII. The Times. They flower all the Summer long, some continuing till the cold of Autumn makes them decay.
IX. The Qualities. They are cold and dry in the first degree, of the nature of Rampions: Astringent, Stomatick, and Alterative.
X. Preparations. You may make therefrom, 1. A distilled Water of the whole Plant. 2. A Cataplasm of the Root.
XI. The Distilled Water. It is good against dif-colourings and deformities of the skin, cleansing it, and making the face very clear and fair.
XII. The Cataplasm. The roots beaten Into a Mafs, and made into a Cataplaim, with Meal of Lupins and Vinegar, is reftrictive, abates the Milk in Womens Breasts, takes away spots and marks of the skin, and removes many other of its deformities.
Chap. LXIV. Bell-flower Great.
I. HE Names. It has no known Greek Name:
kJL · ; f Cr " CiTnuIa^and Campanula magna: in Englijh, Great Bell-flower.
II. The Kinds. This is the second Species of our Generick Kinds, and is three-fold. 1. Campanula perficijolia, the Peach-leavd Bell-flower. 2. Campanula laSefcens pyramidalis, Campanula major ; the Pvramidal milky Bell-flower. 3. Viola Mariana, (Coventry Bells.
III. The Description. The Peach-Ieav'd Bell flower has a Root very small, white, and thready, creeping under the upper crust of the ground, so that oft times the heat and drought of the Summer does parch it, and cause it to wither away : from whence springs many Tufts or Branches of Leaves lying upon the ground, which are long and narrow, much like to an Almond or Peach leaf, being finely nickd about the edges, and of a fad green colour. From among these rise up divers Stalks two foot high, or more set with Leaves to the middle , and from thence upwards, with many flowers standing on small Foot-stalks, one above another, with a small Leaf at the foot of every one. The flowers ft and in small green husks, small and round at bottom, but wider open at the brim, and ending in five corners* with a three forked Clapper in the middle, set about with some small threads tipt with Tellow, which flowers in some Plants are pure White, but mothers of a pale Blew, or Watchet colour, having little or no scent at all: the Seed is small, and contained in round flat Heads, or Seed-Vejjels.
IV. The Lacleicens Pyramidalis is a great Bell-flower, whofe Root is thick and whitijh,yielding more ft ore of Milk^ being broken, ( as the Leaves and Stalks also do) than any other of the Bell-flowers, every one of which do yield Mi Ik, some more, some less : From this Root rises divers Stalks, a yard high, or better, on which grow divers smooth, dark, green Leaves, broad at the bottom, and small at the point, somewhat unevenly notched about the edges, and standing upon longer Foot-stalks below, than those above. The Flowers are Blew, and in some White, not so great or large as the former, but near of the same fafhwn7 growing thicker, and more plentifully together^