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00125

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


tber, wth smaller Leaves among them, hulking thick below, and rising smaller and thinner up to the Top like a Pvramis, or Spire Steeple.

Vent

but the next year when it runs up to Seed, it grows hard and perishes. from hence spring up Leaves of a pale or freft green colour, long and narrow next to the bottom, and broader Jrom the middle to the end, somewhat round pointed, a little hairy all over, and dented about the edges. The next year after the Sowing, fife up Stalks, something hairy also, and branching forth from the Root into divers Arms, upon which grow several Leaves, smaller than the former, and of a darker green color. At the end of every Branch fi and the flowers in green husks, from whence come large, round, hollow Bells, fwelling out in the middle, and rising somewhat above it, like the neck oj a Pot, and then ending in five Corners, which are either oj a fir or faint White, or of a pale blew Purplifh colour, and jometimes of a deeper Purple or Violet. The Flowers being past, there grows up great, square, or cornered Seed-vefiels, in which are contained in five several Cells, or divisions, small, hard, brown, jhimng fiat Seed.

VI. The Places. All these grow with us in Gardens, where they are brought up for the beauty of their Flowers. The Coventry Bells, Ray says, grow in Woody and Mounrainous places and' Gerard says, in dark Valleys, under Hedges, among Buihes, more especially about Coventry, whence the name, and where they grow very plentifully abroad in the fields, but are also with them Nursed up in Gardens, as they are with us in London, which pleasant Bell-flower, is kept chiefly for its beauty fake, though its Root is also eaten as Rampions are. The first of them also requires to be planted in shady places.

VII. The Times. Theie plants are to be continued by lowing them every other year. They flower generally all the Summer Months' : but the Beach-leaved flower for the most part earlier than the others: The Coventry Bells flower in June, July, and Augufi, and the Seed ripens in the mean Sea-fon, in regard they bring not forth their flowers all at once," but as some flower, others seed.

VIII. The Qualities. They are cold and dry in the first degree, astringent, Traumatick, Vulnerary, Stomatick, and Alterative.

IX. The Preparations. You may make thereof, I. An expressed Juice oj the whole Plant. 2. A De* cotlion thereof in Wine. 3. A Cataplasm.

The Virtues*

X. The Expressed liquid Juice. Being bathed upon any Inflamed Parr,it abates the Inflammation, 3nd stops the fluxion. And if a little Alum and Honey is dissolved therein, it makes a good Lotion for old Sores, running Ulcers, and a virulent Gonorrhara in Man or Woman.

XL The Decoction in Wine. It makes an extraordinary Gargle for a fore Mouth and Throat, inflammation of the Uvula and Almonds, more especially if a little Alum and Honey be also diflblved therein.

XII. The Cataplasm. It allays Inflammations, ea* fes Pain, and reprelles the Flux of Humors.

V. Coventry Bells is a Plant which has a Wlnte Root, which being young as in the fir ft year Sowing, ts tender, and often eaten as other Rampions are-,

Chap. LXV. Betony Wood.

l.nr> Η ε Names. It is called by the Arabian^ ± Chaflra: bv the Greeks, Kiriw, *> *»jr · by the Liti ins, betonica: and by us English, Be


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