This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.

oi.Borage, but especially with those of Vipers Buglofs, of which we treat in Chap. 95. next following.


I. /~p Η ε Names. It is called in Greek,

J. Άλ)ί//5/αΛδκ, £ 'Ακκίβην ; and in Latin, Echi-ttm, Alcibiadion, Alcibion, & Alcibiacum, ( from the first finder of it out, who being bitten by a Viper, and gathering this Herb, and chewing it, and fwal-lowing down the Juice, and applying the rest of the Herb to the bitten place, was cured thereby) it is also called Bugloffum Viperinum, and Sylveflre Viperinum, as some say, from the effects of the Roots in curing the bitings of Serpents ·, but as others say, from the color of the Stalks which are fpeckled like a Serpents skin : In Engiifh Vipers Buglofs. Apuleius faith, that the Greeks called it also e»feio?fic>, Theriorrizon, Radix Viperea and Έ^ΛβΓ, from the form of the Seed, which, as Dioscorides says, is like the Head of a Viper; whence came the name Echium.

II. The Kinds. Authors make twelve several Kinds of Vipers Buglofs, of all which, two only are said to grow with us, viz. "lypv xc/i^, Echium Vulgare, Common Vipers BuglofsT 2. κ%υκον, Echium Vulgare flore albo, White flowered Vipers Buglofs*

ιΠ. The description. The first of these has a Root which U somewhat large and blackish, and grows woody at the approach of Seedtime, perishing in the U inter : from whence springs forth many long, rough Leaves, lying on the ground, and from among which rise upjeveral hard round Stalks, which are very rwgh, as if thick set with prickles or prickly hairs, having many black spots on them, not much unlike

to the skin of a Viper, upon which grow such like long, rough, prickly or hairy green Leaves, something narrow, the middle rib being for the most part white. The flowers ft and at the tops of the Stalks, branched forth into many spiked Leaves or Flowers bowing or turning like to the Turnfole, all of them opening generally on the one side, which are long and hollow, turning up the brims a little, of a purplish violet color, where they are fully blown but more Reddish, where they are but yet in the Bud, or not blown open, a* also when they are upon their decay and withering : but in some places they are of a paler purple color, with a long Pointel in the middle, feathered, or pointed at the top. The Flowers being fallen, the Seeds grow inclosed in round heads, which growing to be ripe, are blackish, cornered, and pointed something like to a Vipers Head.

IV. The second Kind differs not much in any thing from the former, fave that in some places it grass larger, the Leaves are of a fresher green colory and the Flowers are wholly of a white color.

V. The Places. The first of these grows wild almost every where, and as Gerard says, it is found in great abundance, where Alkanet grows. The second grows about the the Caftle Walls of Lewes in Suffex.

VI. The Times. They flower in the Summer Months, as the other Bugloffes do, and their Seed comes to ripeness in the mean feafon.

VII. The Qualities. They are temperate in refpect to heat or cold, and dry in the first Degree : Aperitive, Abfterfive, and Traumatick, or Vulnerary-, Cephalick, Stomatick, Cordial and Neurotick ; Alterative and Alexipharmick.

VIII. The Specification. The Experiences of many Ages have proved them to be peculiar against the Poison and Malignity of Serpents, Vipers, and other Poifonous and Venomous Creatures.

IX. The Preparations. You may make therefrom, I. A liquid Juice. 2. An Essence. 3. A Syrupy 4. A distilled Water. A Tincture of the Flowers. 6. A Pouder of the Seed. .7. A Decoction of the Root. 8. An Ointment or Balsam. 9. A Cataplasm of Roots or Leaves.

The Virtues.

X. The liquid Juice. The Juice of these Plants are wonderfully clammy and flimy, so that it - is hard to Express the same ·, for which reason, after you have well beaten the Herb, you muff set it close covered in a cold Cellar, or some other cold and moist place, for two Days and Nights, and then press forth the Juice in a Wooden press : after which you may clarifie it with Whites of Eggs, beaten into Glair, and palTed gently thro' a thick Hippocras Bag. It is a famous thing against the biting of the Viper, and of all other Serpents, or any other Venomous Creature, and prevails also a-gainft Poifon, and the Malignity of Poifonous Herbs. You may give five or fix spoonfuls at a time in a Glass of Wine, and repeat it as you see Occa-fion.

XI. The Essence. It has all the Virtues of the Liquid Juice, befides which, it is an excellent thing against the Plague or Pestilence, Spotted Fever, Purple, and all other Burning and Malign Feveis whatsoever. It is a most aomirable Traumatick or Vulnerary, so that scarcely any of the Vulneiato or All-heals go beyond it. It comforts the Head, Brain and Nerves, strengthens and sortius the Stomach, and chears the Heart admirably. Doffc, three or four spoonfuls or more, two, three or four times a day, in a glass of the Distilled Water, or in a glass of Wine, or some other proper Vehicle.


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