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00166

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


XII. The Syrup. Parkinson makes it thus. Ife of the Clarified Juice four pounds : fine white Sugar three pounds : Infusion of the Flowers, one pound: mix and boil these gently to the confijlence of a Syrup, which keep for use. It is ( says he) very effectual for comforting the Heart, and to expel Sad-ness and Melancholly. Dose two spoonfuls or

more.

XIII. The Distilled Water. It is drawn from the whole Plant, when it is in its chiefeft strength, which is, when it is in Flower ·, it is profitable for all the Diseases aforementioned, being inwardly taken, and outwardly applied ·, and is used as a Vehicle t ο convey the other Preparations in.

XIV. The Tincture of the blowers. It is highly Cordial, and Alexipharmick, and refills Poifons of all kinds : it defends the Heart from the Malignity of pestilential Fevers, and of the Plague it self, and fupprelfes Melancholly Vapors : It has the Virtue of the Essence, and may be given in the Distilled Water to two Drams.

XV. The Pouder of the Seed. It is Alexipharmick, comforts the Heart, expels Sadness and Melancholly, attemperates the Blood, allays the hot Fits of Agues, encreases Milk in Nurles, and eases pains in the Loins, Back and Kidnies. Dose one dram.

XVI. The Decoction of the Root. It prevails against Poifon, and the Plague, and the biting of Vipers, and other Venomous Creatures, and is a lingular good thing (if made with Wine, or Wine and Water ) to be drank as a Diet Drink by wounded Per-fons, and such as have inveterate, filthy, and run ning Ulcers and Fiftula's, if c.

XVII. The Ointment or Balsam. They are Vul nerary, cure admirably both Wounds and Ulcers ·, and are of especial use to be applied to Wounds made by the bitings of Venomous Creatures, as Vipers, Mad Dogs, &c. or made with any Poifoned Weapon, it extracts the Poison or Venom, and in duces the healing.

XVIII. The Cataplasm. Applied to the biting of a Viper, Mad Dog, or other Venomous Creature, it extracts or draws forth the Poiibn, and so iecures the life of the Patient ·, other Alexipharmicksbeiug given in the mean feafon inwardly.

Root arijes Leaves which Jprcad upon the Ground which are many, long, narrow, rrjgh or rugged hairy, and of a dark green color, somewhat like to Echium, or some other Wild Buglofs : These Leaves abide in this manner, some years, without sending forth of any Stalk, or Flowers at all (which some having taken notice of, thought that it never did bear Flower or Seed:) But truly though it bears no Stalk for Flowers or Seed Jomeyears, yet it has been found to bear them in some others, for that divers Plants hereof have been found as well with Stalk and Flowers, as Void, or without: When it bears a Stalk, it rises up about two Feet high, bearing fuch. like ^aves as grow below, but set one diftant from another, without order, and smaller up to the Top, where the Flowers /land upon their several Branches] which are Jpread about, as also come forth with the Leaves at the Joints, like unto the hollow blowers f Echium, or Wild Buglois, with uneven and gaping dented brims or edges, of a pale Purple color, with a long Stile or Point el in the middle, growing out of the blower above the length thereof ι after which follows the Seed, much like to Buglofs Seed, but not altogether so great or black.

CHAP. XCVI. 0/BUGLOSS, Wall and Stone.

i. 'Jp Η ε Names.

The first of these is called in Greek, Λυχβ4/< : In Latin, by Bauhin, Ly-copfis and by Dodonttss, Lycopfis Echij altera Species : and in Engiifh, Wall Buglofs.

II. The other is called in Greek, "θψο<τμ.Α ' by Galen 'Offwif φλοκΐ77ί, Ofmas Phlonitis: In Latin, Onof-ma: and in Engiifh, Stone Hughs.

III. The Kinds. Of the Wall Buglofs there are two Kinds, i. Lycopfis Echij folio, That with a Vipers Buglofs leaf 2. Lycopfis Anglica, the Engiifh Wall Buglofs. The Stone Buglofs, is a lingular Plant of its Kind.

IV. The description. The first kind of Wall Buglofs has a Root which is somewhat woody, long, and not much thicker than a Finger, with some Fibres thereat ·, it is of a brownish red on the out side, but little or nothing colors the Fingers as the Anchusa's do : yet Dioscorides/^, it was called by several Anchusa, and Galen says that in his time it was accounted a kind thereof h but it is much like to Echium, and other sorts of Wild Buglofs. From this

V. The Engiifh Wall Buglofs has a Root a little reddish like the other, but giving as little color: but as to its Leaves, Stalks, and Flowers, it differs very little from the former : the only difference is, that the Flowers do all grow at the Tops of the Branches, and are of a deeper purple color, with divers threads shooting out of them

VI. Stone Buglofs is said by Dioscorides to have a reddish Root, but to be without either Stalk, Flower, or Seed, which thing he says also of Lycopfis, and CynoglolTum, both which are known ( in divers of their Plants ) to have all the three, and therefore it mav be as probable in this. This Plant in its form has a great resemblance or likeness to the former Lycopfis, as also to Anchusa or Alkanet but


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