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00168

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


conceit, the true Limonium is that which has jair Leaves, like those of the Limon or Orange tree, of a dark green color, somewhat fatter, and a little crumpled.

IV. Gerard calls this Plant in English, Sea Lavender, ( and from him Mr. Ray) but without any other ground, than that the color of the Flowers is lbmewhat near those of Lavender, for which reason Parkinson altered the Title, to a more proper name, and call'd it Sea or Marsh Bugloss, as being in form and color most like to Bugloss.

V. The Description. The first or Greater Marsh Bugloss has a Root somewhat thick and long, like unto a small Red Beet Root, whence comes several fair, long, thick, or fat green Leaves, somewhat like unto Small Beet Leaves, ( and that is the reason that Pliny refers the Limonium unto the Beets, and calls it a Wild Beet, though Galen will have it, that there is no Wild sort of Beet :) or Leaves of the Limon Tree, from among which spring up several brittle, naked Stalks, without Leaves, near half a yard high, branched at the tops into several parts, whereon ft and many small blewish purple Flmvers, all on one side for the most part, something like unto Bugloss blowers, but smaller after which come small reddifl Seed, inclosed in the husks, which the blowers flood in before*

is like unto the former almost in all respects, the Root being Reddish, but much le(fer, the Leaves also lesser, and the Stalks lower, being but a little more than a foot high ; the blowers also^ of the same color with the former, but yet lesser .· ft that the difference between them seems to he only in the magnitude.

\ II. The Virginian Marsh Bugloss has a long Root, an Inch thick in Diameter, or more, and going almost ft rait down into the ground, sending forth from it fevtral Branches, and small Fibres : It is a very ft range Plant, for from this Root springs forth very ft range Leaves, such as are not to be feen in any other Plant that we know of, being nine, or ten, or more, rising from the head of the Root aforenamed, each by it self, being small below, and growing great-

er upwards, with a Belly bunching sorth, and a bowing back, of a pale whit iff yellow color, hollow at the upper end, with a Flap, not much unlike the to Flowers of Ariltolochia or Birthwort, and round at the Mouth like a half Circle, full of great dark purplijh Veins on the infide. The whole Leaf is of a thick substance, almost like unto heather, and among these Leaves springs up a Stalk, at the top of which comes forth a blower with four or five Leaves, in a roundish Seed Veffcl, with a Tuberous Thrum in the middle.

VIII. The Places. The two first grow in Marsh grounds near the Sea in many pans of England. The first grows plentifully upon the Walls of the bort against Gravefend, as also on the Banks of the River below the same Town, and below the Kings Stone-houfe at Chatham also by the King's berry going into the Hie of Shepcy ·, and in the Salt Marines by Lee in Essex in the Marsh by Harwich, and many other nlaces. The second grows in the fields near the Sea, by Colchefter, as ljobel says and Clusius faith, may be found about Valen-tia in Spain. The third has been found growing in Virginia and my self found it in SouW Carolina, in a Marshy piece of Land at Canoi up Wando River, about nine Miles from Charles Town >, it was also fent to Clusius from Paris, by one that received it in the same manner from Lisbon in Portugal.

IX. The Times. The two first flower in June and July, and their Seed ripens not long after: The last I faw in Flower in Carolina, in the Month of July, but ftayed not in the place, to see its Seed.

X. The Qualities. They are temperate as to heat or cold, drying in the third Degree, astringent, Styptick, Stomatick and Alterative.

XI. The Specification. They are peculiar against Catarrhs and Spitting of Blood.

XII. The Preparations. You may make therefrom, i. A liquid Juice. 7. An Essence. 3. A Pouder of the Seed. 4. A Decofiion of the Roots. $. An Oil or Balsam of the Leaves.

The Virtues.

XIII. The liquid Juice. It stops Catanhs or Di-ftillations of Rheum upon the Breft and Lungs, and prevails much against Fluxes of the Bowels $ as also all sorts of Bleedings, whether by the Mouth, as Spitting and Vomiting Blood, Piifing Blood, the Bloody Flux, or overflowing of the Terms. Dose three or four Spoonfuls in a Glass of Red blorence, or Red Port Wine, Morning, Noon and Night.

XIV. The Essence. It has all the Virtues of the Juice, but more Stomatick, and therefore better for such as have weak Stomachs. Dose two or three spoonfuls in Red Wine, as aforesaid, and at the same times.

XV. The Pouder oj the Seed. Gerard says, that being drunk in Wine, it helps the Collide, Strangury, and Dyientery, or Bloody Flux : Dose one dram. It also stops the overflowing of the Couf-fes in Women, and all other Fluxes of Blood.

XVI. The OecoHion of the Roots. Being made in R&i Wine, it is very Attringent and Styptick, good against Catanhs, and Fluxes of Blood, and has all the Virtues of the Juice and Essence, but not altogether fb powerful: It has been found to be a fpe-cifick against Agues, whether Quotidian, Tertian, or Quartan.

XVII. The Oil. It is made by boiling the Leaves in Oil Olive till they are Crifp, iffc. Applied to Contusions, weakned Joints, weak Backs, and Burnings, it cures them.


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