This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
II. The Kinds. It is the lesser sort of the Burdocks, and lingular of the Kind.
III. The description. It has a small Root somewhat long and fibrous, and periling every year : from which Root rises up a rough crefted Stalk, about two feet high, breaking out into several Branches, with many blackish spots upon them, with two much smaller and whiter Leaves at every Joint, standing upon long Footstalks, which Leaves are usually divided into three parts, something like unto a Alarfi Mallow leaf, unevenly notched or dented about the edges : at the Joints of the Stalk and Branches with the Leaves, towards the tops of them, come forth small Flowers, zvhich abide not long ; and after them, two or three small, Dose Burs, a little pointed at the top, wherein lye two or three small lank Seeds, somewhat like unto an Oat, which fall not out, nor do the heads open.
IV. The Places. It grows in many places of this Kingdom, as particularly in two or three places between Tidenham and Chepftow, in the foot way ; in the Highway between Stanes and Egham, and between Drayton and Iver, two Miles from Colebrook, and at Southwick-Jheet in Hampshire.
V. The Times. It Flowers and Seeds when the great Burdock does ·, viz. in the Summer Months, June, July and August.
VI. The Qualities. It is temperate as to heat and cold, dryness and Moisture, yet Galen will have the Seeds to be hot and dry, digestive, also difcuifive, Neurotick, Splenetick, and Hysterick; Alterative, and Alexipharmick.
VII. The Specification. It is lingular against die pain and hardxiefs of the Spleen.
VIII. The Preparations. You may keep hereof^ I. The Juice. 1. The Essence. 3. The Saline Tincture. 4. The Oily Tincture. %. A Pouder of the Root. 6. A Pouder of the Seed. 7. A Conserve of the Roots. 8. A Salt. 9. A Decoction of the Roots, to. A Lotion, or Waft. 11. A Cataplasm of the Roots or Seeds.
IS. All these Preparations have the same Virtues, Uses, and Doses, with those of the same name in the Chapter of the Great Burdock, to which you are referr'd ·, but there are some peculiar Virtues in this Plant, not obferv'd to be inherent in the former, for which reason we shall say something more of its Essence, Decoition, Lotion, and Cataplasm, in the Sections following.
X. The Essence. It ftrikes at the Root of the Leprofie, prevails against Faintings and Swoonings, opens Obstructions of Liver and Spleen, but more especially of the last, and gives ease in pains of the Hypochonders and Bowels. Dose three or four spoonfuls Morning and Evening in a Glass of Sherry Wine.
XL The Decoction. It is to be made with Wine: and has the Virtues of the Essence , it consumes the hardness of the Spleen, being taken inwardly Morning, Noon, and Night, to fix ounces, and as often bathed warm upon the part affected.
XII. Tf?e Lotion. It is made of the Burs, before they are ripe, being bruised and laid to steep in Water, or Wine, in which a little Nitre is dissolved,for twenty four hours. It difculTes Tumors, and gives ease in Pains, being bathed warm upon the parts affected. If the Hair is sometimes washed therewith, it makes it become yellow. It is an excellent Gargle for a fore Mouth and Throat, taking away the Inflammation, and healing of it in a very short time.
XI1L The Cataplasm. It is made of the Rootrvr
Green Burs, being beaten to, a Pap in a Mortar, and mixed with a third part of Mithridate. Being applied upon hard Kernels, or Swellings in the Fleih (as those proceeding from the Kings-Evil) it is said to soften and dissolve them : but more especially, if in the mean feafon, the juice, Essence or Decoction in Wine aforementioned be daily given inwardly two, three or four ounces at a time, and that Morning, Noon, and Night ·, for these Preparations very much sweeten the Blood and Juices ·, and correct the Difcrafie of the Humors.
CHAP. C. Of BUTTER-BUR.
I-Tp HE Names. It is called in Greek Πδτ«σ/τ»κ: X In Latin, Petafites; ( from the largeness of the Leaf, it being large like πίτ*^, a Hat:) some take it to be "ιφναν Theophrafti, and some to be Per-folata Plinij : In English it is called also Petafites, and Butter-Bur : The Germans call it pestilence-wort, or Plague-wort.
II. The Kinds. It is of two sorts, a Greater, and a lesser, and differing also in the Flowers-, but so very like one another, that one description will ierve for both. Camerarius calls the more common Mas, the other Fcemina : but in his Epitome of Matthiolus, he calls the Greater, Tuffilago major, for that some will have it to be a kind of Coltsfoot.
III. The description. It has a long Root and thick, fpreading under ground, blackish on the out-side, and whitish within, oftentimes Worm eaten, and of a bitter and unpleasant taste: It springs up very early in the year, with a thick Stalk about a foot high, on which are set a few small Leaves, or