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00173

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


can well be taken, Morning and Evening, to prevent the Infection of the Plague; and as much every six hours, for those who are already leized with it.

XV. The Mixture. It is thus made: Take of the Juice expressed with Vinegar, or the Essence, twelve ounces : Juice oj Rue four ounces : Venice Treacle, or Mithridate two ounces : mix them well together byftmlung. It is an Antidote against the Plague or Pestilence, Spotted Fever,- Purples, Small Pox, Mealies, Poifon, biting of Vipers, or other Serpents, and the bitings ot Mad-Dogs, or of any other Venomous Creature. Dole rwo ounces at a time, as often as need requires.

CHAP. CI. Of BURNET.

1. THE Names. It is called in Greek by Nicolaus Myrepfus, Π/^^λδ, or as Gefner has it, FTifttrrtAj : In Latin, Pimpine/la, Sanguiforba, Bh pennula, Peponella, Sorbaftrella; and Sanguinaria, quod Sanguineus fluxus fijiat : In Englijb, Burnet.

II. The Kinds. It is fourfold, I. Pimpinella vulgaris five minor, The Common or Lesser Burnet.

2. Pimpinella inodora, Smelless Burnet. 3. Sanguiforba feu Pimpinella Major five Sylveflris, Great or Wild Burnet. 4· Pimpinella Maxima Americana, TheGreateff, or American Burnet. Where Note, that some Authors think our Garden or Field Burnet to be the Sideritis fecunda Diofcoridis but I think them to be miitaken, because this latter an-Twers in the form of the Flowers to our Burnet.

HI. The description. The first of these hat a Root which k small and long, and of a blackish brown °n the out side, growing deep into the Earth, with some Fibres thereat; from whence comes forth many long ringed Leaves, fpre ad upon the Ground, which

consist of divers small roundish, or rather uvJ-leaves, green on the upper-side, and grayφ underneath, finely dented about the edges, set on each side of a middle rib : amongst which rise up several crejl-ed brown Stalks a foot high or better, and in rank ground sometimes a foot and half high, with some smaller Leaves set in some places thereon, divided into several Branches. At the Tops grow small round loose heads, upon long Footstalks of a brownish color, from whence Jt art forth small purplish Flowers, and after them cornered Seed. The whole Plant has a pieafant quick Smell and Taste, much like tp the favor of a Smelt, and put into a Glass of Wine, gives it a pleasant Relijh.

IV. The Inodorous Burnet in Roots, Stalks, Leaves, and Heads, is altogether like the former, fave that the Leaves are not so round, but something longer, and have no manifejl Smell or Taste in them.

V. The Great or Field Burnet, has a Root black, and long like the first Λ'/W, but greater, from rvhence springs up such like winged Leaves, but nothing so many, and each of those I eaves on the Wings, are twice as la/ge et least as the other, and nicked about the edges in-the same manner, of a grayish color on the under side : Stalks are greater, and rise higher, with many such like Leaves jet thereon, and greater round heads on the Tops, oj a brownφ green color, out rf zchieh come small dark purple Flowers: very much like the former, but greater j The Plant itself has very little of Smell or Tajle in it, which can be perceived.

VI. The American great Burnet, has a Root much greater than the former, and woody, longer a'fr, and blacker than the last ; but in ail its other parts, it is like our Held*Burnet, but much greater: often times all its Leaves are of a blewish green on the upper side, and folded half way together inward, so thai the under sides of the Leaves, which are grey/fi, fhew themselves upwards; and they are dented somewhat deeply about the edges, with greater dents, which makes them fhew the more comely and / e -fant. The tops of the Stalks bear smaller, and mutft


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