This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
longer, whitish green spiked heads, set thick with Knaps, each of which when it flowers ( beginning below, and so rising higher ) flews to be four whitijh green Leaves^ having many small white long threads in the midst; after which come in their places cornered Seed like the other. The whole Plant has not much smell, but in its Taste, is much like the first.
VII. The Places. The AW? grows wild in several Counties of our Land, in dry fandy places, but is usually kept in Gardens. The second, Bauhin faith is found in Spain, and I have found it in some Meadows in Norfolk, not far from Lyn Regis. The third is found in several Counties of England, in the Meadows in Norfolk, Suffolk, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdon-ftire, and Northamptonshire ; as also near London, by Pancras Church, in two or three Fields nigh Boobfi-Barn, and in the middle of a Field by Paddington : I have also found it in some Fields between London and A e wing ton, as also going towards the Boarded River. The laft is found in the French Settlements in Canada, and in the North parts of Virginia, where it is Natural : from whence it has been transplanted to us, and is nou-riihed up in Gardens.
VIII. The Times. They all flower in June, and beginning of July ; and their Seed is ripe in August.
IX. The Qualities. They are generally hot and dry ; the first of them in the Second Degree ; the other three in the First Degree : They are Incarna-tive, Aftringenr, Styptick, Repercussive, and Traumatick, or Vulnerary: Cephalick, Neurotick, Stomatick, Cardiack, and Alterative : Alexipharmick, and Analeptick.
X. The Specification. Burnet is a peculiar Plant for flopping all sorts of Fluxes of Blood; whence came the names Sanguiforba, and Sanguinaria.
XI. The Preparations. You may prepare therefrom, I. A liquid Juice. 2. A Decoction. 3. A Syrup. 4. A Wine. 5. A Vinegar. 6. Λ Spirituous Tincture. 7. An Acid Tincture. 8. A Pouder. 9. An Oil. 10. An Ointment. 11. A Balsam. 12. A Spirit. 13. The Seed.
XII. The liquid Juice. Taking it inwardly ifom three to five ounces, either alone or mixed with Red Wine, it stops all manner of Inward bleedings whatsoever, whether spitting or vomiting Blood, piifing Blood, or Bloody-flux: It also strengthens the Stomach and Heart : and is lingular good for all sorts of Wounds, whether inward or outward.
XIII. The Decoction. It has the Virtues of the liquid Juice, but is much weaker, yet very good to repreis Vapors in Women. Dole fix ounces Morning and Evening.
XIV. The Syrup. It is excellent against spitting of Blood, and heals Bloody-fluxes of the Bowels; and it is so much the more effectual with Steeled Water or Wine : If it is made of the Juice, it is good for healing all sorts of Wounds of Head and Body, inward or outward, for all old Ulcers, Ulcerated Cancers, and Running Sores, which are hard to be cured. Dose two or three ounces at a time.
XV. The Wine. It chears the Heart, revives the Spirits; and is good against Melanchflly, drooping of the Mind, and fainting of the Heart.
XVI. The Vinegar. It is a special thing to preserve from, and cure the Plague or Pestilence, the Spotted Fever, or any other malign acute Disease of that kind ; for it in a special manner defends the Heart from Poifonous and Noifom Vapors, and ail contagious Diseases, being given mixed with
the Juice in equal quantities, and the Patient laid to Sweat thereupon. Dose three ounces.
XVII. The Spirituous Tincture. It comforts and warms The Stomach and Bowels, strengthens Nature, and takes away the weakness of the Stomach and Intestines, thereby ftopping Fluxes of the Belly of all kinds : It strengthens the Heart and Liver, and other principal Parts, and therefore is good against Faintings and Swoonings. Dole one ipoon-ful at a time in a Glass of Wine.
XVIIL The Acid Tincture. This has all the Virtues of the Vinegar aforegoing, but is much more powerful than it, to all the purposes and intentions there ipecified : beiides this is an extraordinary Stomatick, and thereibre powerful in ftopping Vomitings, and also spitting of Blood, being given in a Glass of Canary, or Red Port Wine. Dole thirty or sorty drops, to fifty or fixty, two or three times a day.
XIX. The Pouder. Ufed outwardly to old Ulcers, moilt and running Sores, it drys them up wonderfully, and prepares them for healing. It may be made of the whole Plant.
XX. The Oil. It is used to abate Inflammations, ease Pains, itrengthen weak Pans, cure Burnings andScaldings, and to draw malignity out of Wounds made by the bitings of Venomous feeafts.
XXI. The Ointment. It has the Virtues of the Oil, but penetrates not so much, yet is more effectual for the cure of Wounds, Ulcers, and other Running and Malignant Sores.
XXII. The Balsam. If it is made of the Juice, or green Herb, it is one of the belt Vulneraries in the World: it digests, cleanses, drys, strengthens and heals all green Wounds, old Ulcers, running Sores, and other ill natured Diftafes of that kind. It is certainly a most excellent Wound Balsam. If it is mixed with Pouder of Scammony, it takes away rotten Fleih, and destroys Putridity or Rottenneis.
XXIIL The Spirit. It stops inward Bleedings, comforts the Heart and Bowels, and is an excellent thing against Fluxes of the Belly of all kinds, more especially the Bloody-flux, and the-overflowing of the Terms in Women : and this it does the more powerfully, if a little Catechu be diflblved in it. It prevails also against the Contagion of 'the Plague. Dose from one dram to half an ounce.
XXIV. The Seed made into a Pouder. This, iays Parkinson, is no leis effectual, both to stop Fluxes, and to dry up moist or running Sores, being given inwardly (to one dram ) in fteeled Water or VVine, that is, if Water in which hot Gadds of Steel have been quenched; or if Wine, in which old Nails have been infufed for two or three Months beforehand : The pouder of the Seed may also be mixed with Ointments or Injections.
XXV. The American Burnet has all the same Preparations with our English, and the Tame-Virtues, Uses, and Doles.
CHAP. CII. BUTTER-WORT.
1. THE Names. It seems not to be known to A the Greefa, and thereibre we have no uηi-verially received Greek name for it, only Gefner thought it to be Dodecatheon Plinij : Lugdunenfis thinks it may be Crias Apulei, and calls it Cuculla-ta: but it is called in Latin, Pinguicula by Gefner, and from him all others call it io : others Lmgula