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00175

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


Plinij, Viola humida, Viola Palustris : Bauhin calls it, Sanicula montana flore c ale are don at a * with us it is called, Sanicula Ehoracenfis ( because it grows so plentifully in l'ork-flire. ) In English it is called Butter-wort, and Butter-root, because of the Un-ctuofity of the Leaves; or else from Fattening, as Gerard says, who also faith, they call it White Rot, and not White Root, because the Countrey people think, that if their Sheep should eat it, that-it would give them the Rot; and they give it the Epithite White, from the color of the Leaf : as they have another which they call Red-Rot, which is Pedicu-laris, Red-Rattle.

II. The Kinds. It is a singular Species of the Sa-nicles \ being Genus to none else.

III. The description. It has a Root composed of divers white Fibres, or small Strings, which die not in the Winter, but abide all the time with green Leaves upon them: From this Root spring forth divers fat and long Leaves Iving upon the ground round about it, broad at the bottom, and pointed at the end, of a pale green color on the upper side, but white underneath, folded together at their first ri-fittgt which then are more White. From among these Leaves rise up two or three, or more, slender naked Stalks'about five or fix Inches high, bearing but one only llower at top of each Stem, set in a small green husk in form somewhat like a Violet Flower, or those of Larks Heels or Spurs, having a small Heel oY Spur behind, in some of a pimple, in others of a more blew color, and in some white. When the Flowers are past, there come in their places fma pointed round heads, in which is contained Jmall, Jong, black Seed. . ~

IV. The Places. It is chiefly found in the Common Field, and in several Bogs on the Hills in lork-shire ζ and in many places also in the Weft Country and Wales : as also in a Common, about a Mile from Oxford, near a Village called Hermgton. Gerard lays, it grows in England in squashy wet Grounds, and will not yield to any Tranlplanting or Cultivating of it >, and that it grows especially in a field called Crag-close, and at Crosby, and Ra-

venjwdith in Weftmorland 5 upon Ingleborow Eels, twelve Miles from Lkncaffer h and in Harwood in the same County, near "to Blackburn y ten Miles from Ρ rest on in Aunderness upon the Bogs, and Marsh Grounds : and in the Boggy Meadows about Bifiops-Hatfield : also in the Fenns in the way from London to Whitlefea Mere in Huntmgton-ftnre : It grows also in Hampshire, and in great abundance in many places in Wales. j

V. The Times. It Flowers towards the latter end of May, and all the Month of'June, even to July, (according as the Weather proves ) and the Seed is ripe not long after.

VI. The Qualities. It is Temperate in refpect to heat or cold, and Drying in the Second Degree. It is astringent, and Cathartick, like Rhubarb ; Ccm-folidative, and Traumatick, or Vulnerary.

\ VII. The Specification. It is dedicated to the curing of Green Wounds, and healing of Recent Ruptures in Children.

VIII. The Preparations. You may make therefrom, I. A liquid Juice of the Plant. 2. A Syrup* 3. An Ointment. 4- A Balfant.

The Virtues.

IX. The liquid Juice. Country People, who live where it grows do use to waih' their Hands with it, when they are Chapt by the Wind or Weather: and in Torkshire they anoint the Dugs of their Fine, with the Fat and Oily Juice, when they are bitten with any Poifonous Worm or Fly, or are Chapt or Rift by Weather, or any other means*

X. The Syrup. The Poorer sort of People in Wales, make a Syrup thereof as of Rofes, and therewith Purge themselyes, and their Children : they mix it with Broth for the same purpose, and so it purges Flegm effectually. Dole from two to four spoonfuls.

XI. The Ointment. They also with the Herb make an Ointment, which is held to be singularly good (and that by the Experience of fbme Phyii-cians ) against the Obstructions of the Liver.

XII. The Balsam. It is said to cure Ruptures in Children, being applied Plaifter-wife: It is a fiugiw lar Vulnerary, for it digests, cleanses, and heals Green Wounds in any part, being highly Altringent, Drying, and Confolidating, not much inferior to any of the Wound Herbs.

CHAP. CM. CABBAGE.

L THE Karnes. It is called in Greek, R«W» Χ Μφ*λ«7»; In Latin, Brafica Capdata : m English, Cabbage, or Headed Colewort.

II. The Kinds. It is twofold, 1. Κ^μβη μακ»ύ* λινχϋ Braffica Capitata Alba, White Cabbage,

2. Κ^μβη «*«Λτ» ·Η*> BrathCJ °Pltdta RubrU'

Red Cabbage. J.

III. The description. The Common White Labj bage has a Root going right down, but not deep, nor fpreading far, and usually dies in Winter : from which Root springs up one thick Stalk, having at top thereof a great thick Head of crumpled Leaves : this Head is closed hard and round, and has at first great large thick Leaves, of a graytfh green color, with thick, great, and lying open most part of the Summer, without clofing : but towards the end of the S*m men being grown to have many Leaves, it then be*


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