This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
gins to grow close and round in the middle, and as it closes, the Leaves grow white inwardsyet there are some kinds, which will never he so close as these, but will remain half open, which are not accounted to be so good as the other. In the middle of this Head, the next Tear after the Sowing ( in other Countries especially, and sometimes in ours ) if the Winter is mild, you may see in divers Gardens a great thick Stalk to ftwot sorth, which is divided in the top into many Ramifications, or Branches, bearing thereon divers small Flowers, sometimes white, but most commonly yellow, made of four Leaves, which being past, turn into long, round, and pointed Cods, containing therein small round Seed, like to Turnep Seed. jXow here is to be noted, that by reason of the hard Frosts, and Cold of our Countrey, some of our Gardiners, for the preventing the danger of the said Winter Frosts, do use to take up such Cabbages ( as they intend to referve for Seed ) with their Roots and tying a Cloth or some such thing about the Roots, do hang them up in their Houses, that thereby they may be defended against the Cold; and then set them again after the Frosts are past.
IV. The Red Cabbage is in all things like unto the Wlnte, excepting in the color, this being deeply Red as also )n the magnitude, the Red being for the most part less than the White ; and though it is many times found large, yet it is scarcely ever found so large as the large ones of the White. In this also the color of the Leaves is very variable, in some it is Green striped with Red in others it is more Red and again in some, it is a very deep Red, and sometimes declining to purple.
V. The Places. They are found growing with us only in Gardens, being nourished, and brought to perfection chiefly by the care and induiby of Gardiners.
VI. The Times. They Flower for the most part in June or July, and the Seed is ripe in August.
VII. The Qualities. They are Temperate in refpect of heat or coldness; and moist in the first Degree : They are also Opening, Abfterfive, Diuretick and Emollient: also Pectoral, Hepatick, Nephri-tick, and Hysterick 5 Galactogenetick and Alterative.
VIII. the Specif cation. It is in vain to be particular, for the old R.mans having expelled Phyficians out of their Territories for Six Hundred Tears, did maintain their Health by ufing and applying Cabbages and Coleworts as their only Medicine, ot Remedy, in every Disease. And therefore as they thought them to be effectual against all Diseases of the Body, whether inward or outward, so Chryfipus WTOte a Volume of their Virtues, applying them to every part of the Body.
IX. The Preparations. You may make therefrom, I. A liquid Juice. 2. A De·*\ιιοη. 3. A Syrup. 4. An Electuary. 5. Ashes. 6. Tlx: whde Sub-fiance. 7. A Collynum. 8. The Seed.
X. The liquid Juice. Drunk in Wine to three or four ounces, it is good against the bitings of Vi-)ers, or other Venomous Creatures : mixed with -lonev, and taken, it is good against Hoarsness, or ofs of the Voice, and helps to restore such as are in Consumptions : mixed with Wine or Vinegar, and drank, it is good against the Venom of Mufh-rooms: Galen applied it to the Temples of such as had the Head-ach, arising from Drunkenness ; it cleanseth so Ifrongly, that it is said to cure the Leprofie.
XI. The Decoction The first Decoction is said to open the Body, but the second does Altringe or Bind, for that the Nitrous quality is quite conlumed or fpent. If it is made in Water, with an old Cock beaten to peices boiled in it, it prevails against Consumptions, and helps such as are troubled with Gri-pings, and pains in their Stomachs and Bowels, it is also good for such as are troubled with Obstructions of Liver or Spleen, and the Stone or Gravel in Reins or Bladder. It restrains the Vapors arising from Wine, and fuddenly makes them fober again. It takes away the Swelling and Pain of Gouty Knees, being bathed warm rherewith, dispersing the Humors. It also cleaufes and heals old and filthy Ulcers or Sores, and Scabbiness, being often warned therewith, as also Puftules and Wheals which break out in the Skin.
XII. The Syrup. Made of the Juice, has the Virtues of the same, but in a more peculiar manner it is good against Coughs, Colds, Wheafings, shortness of Breath, Consumptions, and other Dileafes of the Breft and Lungs : dropt into the Eyes, it consumes Films, Clouds, or other things which obfufcate the Sight, and heals Sores and Ulcers in the Fyes.
XIII. The Electuary. It is made of the Pulp of the great middle Ribs of the great Leaves, boiled soft in Almond Milk, or Cows Milk, and completed with Honey. It is profitably used for such as are Hoarse or Wheeze, or are Purfie or Short-winded; being taken three, four or five times a day, as much as a Wallnut.
XIV. The Ashes. They are made of the Stalks, and are of such a drying Quality, that as Parkinson laith, they become almost Caustick : being mixed with Oil Olive, and Beef Suet, in a small pro-3rotion, they are found to be effectual to anoint the Sides of such as have had vehement and inveterate Pains there as also it is good for Pains hi any other place, caused by the accefs of Melancho-ick and Flatulent Humors, helping mightily to discusses and fcatter them; and therefore must be very profitable against the Gout.
XV. The whole Substance. It is usually boijed in Water, or in Mutton or Beef Broth, till it is soft \ and so with Butter, Vinegar, and Pepper, it is eaten as a Sallet, and for Food: and so eaten it nouriihcN cleanses the Bowels, creates Seed, also Milk ip