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00182

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


™itb the Leaves come forth small foot stalks, bearing at their e/ils small, whitish, long and thick flowers. Gerard says, out of these Stalks, at the Tops, grows small Grape-like Husks, out of which spring small reddish flowers, like those of the Oak, every Flower having four very small round topt Leaves : after every Flower, there comes commonly four sharp punted Grains growing together, containing lathi/i them a little white Kernel.

V. The latter small Water Caltrop, bat a Rwt not much unlike to the former, but longer, and fuller of single bibrcs or Strings, From whence spring up Stalks, not fat, as the former, but round kneed, and ahvays bearing two Leaves at roery Joint, one op-pofite against the other, greener, Jhorter, and lesser than the other, sharp pointed, and not much wrinkled or crumpled on the Edges. Clusius Jjxs, that they are not at all crumpled. But our English Herbonfis never observed any without crumples or wrinkles. The flowers grow on short small Enot stalks, of a whitish green color, like those of Mufcatella Cordi, called by Gerard, Radix cava minima viridi flore, to wit, two fencers at the top of every bootfialk, one op-pofite against another, every flower containing four small Leaves : which two flowers being past, there comes up eight small Husks, making fx several ways a square of flowers.

VI. The Places. The greater is found in several Lakes and moist places in Germany, as also in Brabant and blinders, and in many places of Italy near the Sea. One bincham a Merchant of London found it in the East Indies in the Mogul's Countrey, where it grew like a Weed in most Ponds there, the Kernel of which, he says, is much eaten by the Natives. See Eur chat his Pilgrims, lib.^. cap. ^.feil. <>. pag. 429. Cordus says it grows in Germany in Muddy Lakes and Places, and in Ditches which have Mud in them, as also in Standing Waters, and sometimes also in Running Waters. And Matthiolus says, it grows not only in Lakes of Sweet Water, but also in Ditches by the Sea side near to Venice. The second or frmer lesser grows in Handing Waters, or Pools, Ditches, or Fifh Ponds : It was found in Ponds adjoining to a dissolved Abby called Durford, which divide Hampshire and Suffex, and in other standing Waters in several places. The third or latter small grows plentifully in the River by Drox ford in Hampshire.

VII. The Times. They all Flower in June and July, and give their Fruit or Seed in August.

VIII. The Vitalities. They are all cold and moist in the first Degree, and more Watry than the Land Caltrop. They are Emollient, Repercuflive, Nephri tick, Alterative and Alexipharmick.

IX. The Specification. They are good against the Obstructions of the Reins, Gravel, Tartar in the Urinary Paifages, heat of Urine, and pilling of Blood.

X. The Preparations. You may make thetefrom, 1. A liquid Juice. 2. A Decoction. 3. A distilled Water. 4. A Lotion. A Cataplasm. 6. The Nuts. 7. A Pouder of the Nuts.

The Virtues.

XI. the liquid Juice. Being applied, it cures an Erysipelas; and is good against Inflammations in any part of the Body; and cures the King's-Evil, Run-mn3C,> °lm^ ^ waihing with it.

XII. The Decoction. If made in White Wine, or m Wine and Water, it opens the Obstructions of the Reins and Ureters, expels Tartar, Sand and Gravel out of the Urinary Parts, and helps folding of the Water.

XIII. The Distilled Water. If it is drunk with a little Roch Allum dissolved in it, it stops the pissing of Blood, and is profitable against the Diabetes.

XIV. Tf?e Lotion. It is made of the Decoction in Water with the addition of Honey ; Gerard says, it perfectly cures Cankers of the Mouth,Throat, Almonds, and fore Gums.

XV. Ihe Cataplasm of the Herbs. Dioscorides says, it is good against all lorts of Inflammations, or hot Swellings. It may be profitably applied in a hot Gout, after fufticient cleansing of the Body, both with Emettcks and Catharticks.

XVI. The Nuts. Eaten raw, they resist Poison, and are said to be good against the bitings of Venomous Beast : Eaten also, and drinking White Wine with them, they are said to be good against Stone and Gravel. In like manner eaten, and also beaten, and applied to the place, they resist the Poison of the bitings of Venomous Beasts.

XVII. The Pouder of the Nuts. Gerard says, it is given to such as pi's Blood, and are troubled with Gravel, and that it binds the Belly. It is doubtleis a singular thing against the Bloody Flux, and other Fluxes of the Bowels, if it is given from a dram, to two drams, in a Glass of Sherry, or Madera Wine: Being dried, and ground to Pouder in Quantities, a pleaiant kind of Bread may be made thereof.

CHAP. CVIIL Chamomil.

ers:) also X*paWfe quod Mali odorem habet,nom having the smell of Apples. It is called in Latin, Chamsemclum, and Chamomilla, also Antlyem^ ani J cue anthem urn : In English, Camomil.


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