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00181

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


and stops the Flux of Humors; and being drank from two ounces to four, it breaks or wattes the Stone in the Reins, expelling Sand, Gravel, and Tartarous Humors and stops all sorts of Fluxes of the Bowels.

X. The Essence. It has all the same Virtues, and the more pleasant Medicine to take. It cures sore Eyes, being dropt into them, and abating the Inflammation, takes away the Blood-ihot. If it is drank to rwo or three ounces in Wine, it prevails against the poiibn of the Viper, and the bitings of other Venomous Beasts.

XI. The Decoction. It has the Virtues of the Juice and Essence, but not all out so powerful : It may ferve as a good Vehicle to convey the Pouder of the Root in.

XII. The Pouder of the Root. It stops Fluxes of the Belly, and binds it: given to two drams, it is good against the bitine of Vipers $ consumes Nodes and Kernels in the Neck, or other Parts, and in a good measure strengthens the Stomach.

XIII. The Collyrium. It is made of the Juice or Essence made into a thin Syrup with Honey. This

Sut into the Eye three or four times a day, stops uxions of Humors into the Part, cools and takes away the Inflammation, and heals Sores or Ulcers therein.

XIV. The Cataplasm of the Leaves. It is good against a hot Gout, repercuffes the flux of Humors, hinders Apoftems, and difcufTes Swellings in the Legs, or other parts of the Body.

XV. The Lotion. It is made of the Decoction in Wine, in a quart of which, Honey three ounces, and Roch Allum half an ounce, is diilblved. It is made to heal corrupt Sores and Ulcers of the Mouth, Throat, and Gums and to cleanse Fistula's; as also Apoftems newly broke, or opened, by injecting it with a Syringe.

XVI. The Seed or Fruit. It is Alexipharmick Galen and Pliny say, that the Thracians, who dwelt near the River Stirmon, lived themselves of the Fruit or Kernels, making them into a sweet. and fine kind of Bread, which fcmething bound up the Belly : And that with the Herb they fed their Horses. But this making Bread of the Kernels is affirmed by some, to be only meant of the Fruit of the Water Caltrop, following.

CHAP. CVH. CALTROP, Water.

I. ,Tp HE Names. It is called in Greek Tei2°*o& X iivfy& - in Latin, Tribulus aquaticus, Tri-bulus marinus, and by Cordus, Lacuftrn: in Englifl), Water Caltrop; Saligot, and Water Nuts.

II. The Kinds. There are two sorts of Water Caltrops. 1. The Greater Water Caltrops. 2. The Lesser Water Caltrop ί nnl of the Lesser there are also two Kinds, viz. The former and the latter. The Greater Water Caltrop, is called in Latin, Tribulus Aquaticus major: Tribulus Aquatilis, and Caftanex aquatiles. The lesser sorts are called by Clusius, Tribulus aquaticut minor and diftinguiihed by him, the former of which he calls, Tribulus aquaticus minor prior; and the latter, Tribulus aquaticus minor alter.

III. The description. The Greater- Water Caltrop has a Root which grows somewhat long, and full of Joints, with a Tuft of Hairs or fibres at each of them. From the head oj this Root lying under Water, rise up several long slender Footstalks,

which rising from the bottom of the Water, mount above the same at the top of each of which, there are broad, and more than half round Leaves, in some places Spotted on the under side, and dented about the Edges. The Footstalks on which these Leaves stand, are smaller at the lower end next the Root, than they are at top of the Water next to the Leaves. Among these Leaves rise up sappy round Stalks, no higher than the Leaves, bearing whitish Flowers at the Tops. After which come thick, hard, and Woody\ almost round heads, with three or fourfharp pricks or points flicking out, of the bigness of Hafle Nuts, and blackish in some places : some of them are as large as great Walnuts, having a sweet white Kernel within, which is not much unlike to a Chesnut. This Fruit, with its outward Husk, or Shell, is hard, triangled, sharp pointed and prickly, in shape almost like to those things called Caltrops, which in War they cast in the way of the Enemy, to annoy the Feet of their Horses, and from whence this Plant took its name. The Kernel is tasted almost like a Chestnut,_ and are usually eaten green : And being dried, they, are ground to pouder, and so ferve to make Bread of.

IV. The former lesser Caltrop, the whole Plant, is commonly covered over with Water, having very long, slender, creeping Roots, from whose several Parts or Joints come forth divers Tufts of Jmall Fibres or Strings, which take hold of the Mud* From this Root, at the lower Joints thereof come forth thin, flat, knotty Stalks, of a reddish color, three, four, or five Feet long, or longer, according to the depth of the Water in which it grows ; which being dry, are pliant, and fiexible, and fit for many occafions. They are divided towards the Top, into many Parts or Branches, carrying single Leaves at the lower Joints, on both sides, being about two Inches long, and half an Inch broad, thin, and almost transparent, or as it were jhin'tng : so waved, wrinkled, or crumpled on the Edges, that they seem to be torn, and for the most part of a reddish green color* The Foot-stalks are somewhat long and thick, and rise up from among those Leaves, which always grow two, one opposite against another, in a contrary manner to those which grow below on the Stalk. From the Joints 0 γ mm


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