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00180

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


Calamint in Cap. ic4. Sed. 4. but smaller, and of a pale Purple color, having much like small blackish Seed.

V. The third, or Lesser hoary Calamint^ kz/ a fibrous Root like the others, and not perishihg yearly. From which spring up small, low, and slender Voary Stalks, not above a Eoot high, on which, at every Joint, are set two Leaves, as in the other Kinds, but smaller, and more hoary, yea smaller than the leajl Bufh Basil. The Flowers are very small, but like the last defer ibed, and of a less heady smell, with like Seed also, but something lesser.

VI. The Places. The first grows in many places of England,hoth in plowed Grounds,and moist Meadows. The second, Pena says he found on certain Hills in Lombardy; and in several places of our own Land, but not always spotted : I have found, it in several places of South Carolina. The third andj last is not common with us, but only nourilhed up in Gardens : It grows in Candia, from whence the Seed came first to Camerarius.

VII. The Times. They Flower in June and July, and their Seed is ripe ibon after.

VIII. As to their Qualities, Specification, Preparations, Virtues and Uses, they are exactly the same with those in the former Chapter, and therefore to those I refer you.

CHAP. CVI. CALTROPS, Land,

I. THE Names.

J. &λΟ-, >g Ύάβυκ&': In Latin, Tribulus : 1

They are called in Greek τ«ί·

English Caltrops The Arabians call this Plant tlajach, and Haferk ; the Spaniard, Abrolos, and the French, Saligot.

II. The Kinds. It is twofold, first of the Land called m Greek, τ^βλ®- #f**T©- 3 in Latin, Tribu-

\lus terrestris >and in English, Land Caltrops of which in this Chapter. Secondly, Water Caltrops,

of which in the next.

III. The description. Land Caltrop has a Root which is white, grows dorvnwards, and has many Fibres or Strings. From this Root rise up several hard, small, long Branches, full of Joints, and fpread abroad upon the ground j which are furnijhed with many winged Leaves, having a middle Rib, on which stand several small Leaves, on both sides the said Rib, after the manner of Orobus or Vetches. At the Joints come forth singly, small, pale, whitish Flowers, consisting of five small Leaves, like the Flowers of Tormentil. These being past, there comes forth little, rough, prickly heads, full of Prickles, and having five or fix Corners, within which prickly Husk lies the Kernel or Seed.

IV. The Places. It is said to grow plentifully in Spain in their fields, being sometimes hurtful to Com: It is also found in most places of Italy and France : Aud, as Gerard says, it grows with us in England-, he found it,in a moist Meadow adjoining to the then Wood or Park of Sir Francis Carets), near Qroydon, not far from London, from whence he brought Plants of it for his Garden. Parkinson says it grows amongst Rubbish, and the Ruins of Buildings, and by Walls sides.

V. The Times It Flowers in June and July >, and the fruit or Seed is ripe in August.

VI. The Qualities. It is cold in the first Degree, and dry in the second. It is Afttingent and Reper-culfive, it is Alterative and Alexipharmick.

VII. The Specification. By reason it is of thin Parts, it is said to waste the Stone, Tartar, or Gravel in the Reins, and parts adjacent.

VIII. The Preparations. You may have therefrom, I. A liquid Juice. 2. An Essence. 3. A Decoction. 4. A Pouder of the Root. f. A Collyrium. 6. A Cataplasm of the Leaves. 7. A Utwn. 8. The Seed.

The Virtues.

IX. The liquid Juice. Being applied, it abites the Inflammation, and cures an Erysipelas : Ir hin-

Vders the breeding of Inflammations and Apoffems,

and


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