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00179

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


XXI. The Saline Tincture. It is good to waih such parts as break out with any sharp or fait Humor, as the Leprofie of the Greeks, Scurf, Morphew, Scald Heads, Dandriff, and the like: bathed upon parts troubled with the Gout or Sciatica, and continued for some time, Morning and Evening, it gives ease of the Pain, does much good, and in time removes the Disease.

XXII. The Spirit. It is Cephalick, Neurotick, Stomatick, Cordial, and Alexipharmick : It stops Vomiting, strengthens a weak Stomach, chears the Heart, revives the Spirits, and is good against Fainting and Swooning, Vapors, and Fits of the Mother, and preserves (being raken in a Morning fasting ) from the Infection of the Plague, or of the Spotted, or any other Malign Fever. You may take a fpooiful or two of it at a time (if Dulcified ) and that twice a day, or upon the Ipot, if any Paioxyfm is present : It is also good to bathe with, if any thing like a Gangrene is feared.

XXIIL The Balsam. Being applied to a cold Gout, it gives ease to the Pain, and anointed upon the Hemorrhoids* or Piles, it heals and cures them.

XXIV. The Ointment. It is good to anoint Wo-mens Breasts, which are fwoln and painful, proceeding either from Cold, or Curdled Milk, or iome external Violence.

XXV. The Pessary. The green Herb made into a Pessary with VVooll, and put up the Vagina Uteri, it provokes the Terms, eases the pains ofjfce Mother, refills Vapors and Hysterick Fits, and if it is near the time of Travel, haftens and facilitates the Birth.

XXVI. The Cataplasm. It is made of the green Herb, with Lard, Crumbs of Bread, or Pouder of Bay-berries : being applied to any part pained with the Gout, it eases the Pains, abates the Tumor or Swelling, and dilcuifes or draws forth the Humors. It must be continued Morning and Evening for some considerable time, by which means it is laid to perfect those Cures. Being applied upon places black and blew, or yellow, or otherwise difcolored, it takes away the ill color, and cleanses the skin.

CHAP. CV.

Calamint, Wild.

I, »np HE Names. It is called in Greek, ΚΛλ*^9« JL Zyet* ' In Latin, Calamintha agreftis : and in English, Wild Calamint.

II. The Kinds. We shall treat here of three several Kinds of it: 1. Calamintha arvenfis verticil-lata, five Aquatica Lobellij, Field Calamint with whorled Coronets. 2. Calamintha altera odore Pu-legij, foliis maculofts-, Calamint having the Pennyroyal Smell, and with Spotted Leaves. 3. Calamintha minor incana, The lesser hoary Calamint.

III. The description. The first of these has a small Root, abiding long, and not periling after Seed time : From which Root come forth several square hoary Stalks full of Joints and two small, and almost round hoary Leaves set thereat, up to the tops, something like to Pennyroyal leaves, of a brisk, sharp, and quick Scent, yet Sweet withal, like unto Pennyroyal. Towards the Tops of the Stalks and Branches there β and, with the leaves, many purplish flowers, several being set together, in a kind of Whorle or Coronet s after which comes small blackish Seed.

IV. The second or Spotted Calamint, differs not much from the Common Calamint in the former Q)ap-ter, but that it grows nothing near so great nor high ; it has square, hard, hoary Stalks, and hoary Leaves thereon like it; but fpot ted here and there, of a very strong Scent like unto Pennyroyal. The Flowers grow in the same manner as the Common

Calamint


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