This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
several places of the Stalks, from the middle almost upwards, which are small and gaping, much like to those of Mint, and of a pale blush color. The hlovers being gone, there follows small, round, blackish Seed.
V. Calamintha Pradtantior Americana, has a woody Root, which abideth, and sends forth new Branches every Year. It is a Sweet Herb, and rises up to be about a foot and half high, with Jquare, hard, and hoary Stalks, which are many, and more slender than these of the Will Mint y on which are Jet at every Joint, two small, and somewhat round Leaves, deeply dented about the edges, yet larger than these of the Wild Kind, being somewhat hairy, but not very hoary, rather of a fad green color, of a very sweet Scent, and not strong or heady as the other. The Flowers are gaping, and like the former, but larger, and of a purple color; which being gone, then comes the Seed, which is black, small, round, and something like unto Purjlane Seed.
VI. The Small Calamint, is another sort of the first, and is like unto it in all thing, except the magnitude, being something less, and differing chiefly in the Flowers, which are not so large by one half, and therefore denotes it to differ from the same.
VII. The Places. The ft/ft grows, in many Gar dens, and in Dry and Upland Grounds, and on Heaths in many places ol England. The second grows in many places of English America, it having been found in several old Plantations, after they have been Hung up for reft, as also in the Borders of several Woods. It has also been found on the Euganjean Hills near Padua, on Hills near Vicenza in Italy; on rocky Cliffs of Severn in Provence, as also in Germany : Lobel also found it growing in England. The Small Sort is found for the most part in those places where the first is also found, or not far off from them.
VIII. The Times. They all Flower about the latter end of June, and in July, and their Seed is ripe in some short time afterwards.
IX. The Qualities. It is hot and dry in the third Degree : Aftringenr, Carminative, Digestive, Discussive and Sudorifick. It is also Cephalick, Neurotica, Stomatick, Pectoral, Cordial and Hysterick : Alexipharmick and Alterative.
X. The Specification. It powerfully provokes the Terms in Women, and facilitates the Delivery of Women in Labor.
XI. The Preparations. You may make therefrom, I. A Pouder of the Leaves, i. A liquid Juice. 3. A Decoction. 4. A Distilled Water from the Herb gathered in June or July. 5. A simple Syrup of the Juice. 6. A Spirituous Tincture. 7. An Acid Tincture. 8. An Oily Tincture. 9. A Saline Tincture. 10. A Spirit. 11. A distilled Oil. 12. A Balsam. 13. An Ointment. 14. A Pessary. 15. A Cataplasm.
XII. The Pouder of the Leaves. Made into an Electuary with Salt and Honey, it kills Worms in the Body, helps the Leprofie, and such as are troubled with shortness of Breath.
XIII. The liquid Juice. It provokes Urine and the Terms, eases shortness of Breathing, and Cho-lenck Torments of the Stomach and Bowels : It also facilitates the Delivery of Women in Travel, and expels the Dead Child, and therefore Women with Child ought to forbear the use of it. Dropped into the Ears, it kills AVorms in them -, and opens Obstructions of Lungs, Liver, Spleen and Womb. And the Body being first well purged, if it is given from
two to four ounces, to such as are troubled with a Tertian Ague, it cures it.
XIV. A Decoction in Wine. It has all the Virtues of the Liquid Juice, but not full out so powerful; but as it is less in power, so it is much more plea-iant to be taken, and therefore may be given in the larger Dose. It brings down Womens Courles, and provokes Urine, and is good for those who are Bur-iten, or are troubled with Convulsions, Cramps, or Ihortness of Breath. It helps the Yellow Jaundice, and ttays Vomiting, and is good against the bitings of Vipers, or other Venomous Creatures : It provokes Sweat powerful^, and therefore is singular good against all malign Fevers, as Meafles, Small Pox, Spotted Fever, and the Plague it self. Dose from tour to fix or eight ounces.
XV. The Distilled Water. It has all the Virtues of the Decoction, but much weaker, and therefore is chiefly used as a Vehicle to convey any of the other Preparations in.
XVI. The Syrup of the Juice. It is highly Pectoral, and therefore a molt excellent thing to open all Obftruaions of the Lungs, and heal their Diltem-pers, prevailing against Colds, Coughs, Hoarsness, Wheezing, shortness ot Breath, diihculty of Breathing, hardness of the Spleen, and other Diftcmpers of the Bowels. Dose two spoonfuls Morning and Evening, for some considerable time.
XVII. The Spirituous Tincture. It is a singular thing against all manner of Malignity, Poifon, and Infection whatsoever : It powerfully cures Convulsions in the Bowels, Stomach, or in any other part of the Body it strengthens Nature, chears the Heart, revives the Spirits, and is an excellent thing against cold Sweats, Faintings, Swoonings, tits, and all sorts of Deliquiums of the Spirits or Heart, and other Bowels, proceeding from Cold, or a cold and moilt Cause. Dose half an ounce in a Glass of Wine, Morning falling, and Evening, or in the time of the Paroxyf fn.
XVIII. The Distilled Oil. It has all the Virtues of the Juice and Decoction, but much more efficacious than either of them : being dropt ten or fifteen drops into Sugar, and so drunk in a Glass of Wine, it gives immediate relief in the Cholick and lb given to a Woman in Labour, it prelently forces away the Child, either alive or dead; outwardly anointed upon parts Paralytick, or affected with the Cramp, it presently gives relief in the latter, and in some few times ufing helps the former.
XIX. The Acid Tincture. It is most admirable against the Plague, Spotted Fever, and all other lbrts of Malignant Fevers h as also against the Poiibn of Serpents, as Vipers, Rattle Snakes, &e. bitings of Mad Dogs, or other Venomous Creatures, the Acid destroying all sorts of malignity and Poison whatsoever : It may be given inwardly from half an ounce to two ounces every six hours in some proper Vehicle; and outwardly" bathed upon the Region of the Heart, or upon the place bitten or hurt, and Cloths dipt therein may be laid on, and this three, tour, or five times a day.
XX. The Oily Tincture. Given inwardly to two drams, it gives ease in the Cholick prelently, and opens Obstructions of the Reins and Womb, provoking Urine, and forcing away Sand, Gravel, and other Tartarous Matter obltructing those parts: Anointed upon Spaims, it cures them in a short time : and well rubbed in, Morning and Evening for leveral days, upon any part troubled with the Pal-fie, it reitores them, comforting the Nerves, and warming and strengthening the Parts afflicted: It is also profitable against the Piles, proceeding from a cold cause, ( if not broken) they being anointed therewith two or three times.