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piecr, of a pale red color; which being past away, conic forth Skinny Husks, containing small, round, hard, black Seed. This Plant Jor the beauty oj its Flowers, is brought into, andNursed up in our Gardens.

VIII. Thefijih, or Sea Campion White. It has a long slender Root, which abides many Years, from whence springs up several weak, flexible Branches, lying all about upon the ground, ( which Branches are much divided into many other smaller ones ) two or three beet long thick set with small, long, fat, and wvitifh green 1 eaves. At the top oj every Branch stands one 'jhort, thick, whitijh green Husk, parted or cut in at top; out of which J] tings jorth a small long neck'd white blower, not much unlike to that of the fpat ling Poppy, and as wl iie, composed of five small, roan I pointed Leaves, with some blackish threads in the middle : which being puffed away, there ernes forth Musks like those of the other Wild Campions, containing within them small brown Seed.

IX. The Red flower'd Sea Campion differs not from the former, neither in its Root, Stalks, Branches^ Leaves, flowers, Husks, nor Seed, nor yet in the manner of growing, excepting only in the color of the blower, this being of a fine pieafant Red, whereas the former is White : so that some have thought it to be one and the same Species, Nature only fporting it self in the variety or color of the blower: this Plant Herborists call in Latin, Lychnis Marina flore rubello, Redfin:vcr'd Sea Campion.

X. The fixth, or English small white Field Campion, has a Root which is small and white, and pe-rifhes every Year frVm whence spring forth Leaves, which are small and hairy, not much unlike to the small Moufe Ear : and from among which springs forth a slender small Stalk, sometimes but one, which is single of it JctJ ; and sometimes many, not exceeding a boot high. At every Joint two Leaves are set together, smaller than those below, andspotted with white spots from the bofom whereof, viz. between them and the Stalk, come forth two other Leaves, much smaller than they, without any fenfible Taste.

. The flowers are small and white, like unto the other «Wild Campions. After which come small, long " Heads, with small greyish Seed in them. \ XI. The jeventh,or Single Feathered Wild Cam-, . . pion hat a Root very fibrous, or full of small ft rings, Λ from whenee springsforth a Stalk ; as also Leaves, somewhat like the Ordinary White Wild Campion^ but not so large, or rather resembling the Leaves of Sweet Williams, but that they grow not so close, nor so many tngether. The Stalks have smaller Leaves at the Joints, than those below, and branched at the Top on which several Tops grow many pale, but bright red flowers, jagged or cut in on the edges, like the Leathered Rink, for which thing fake, some have taken it to be a kind, and some for a kind of Wild William $ but notwithfiand all this, it is but a Wild Campion, as may easily be observed from several other parts of the Plant, it has a Husk which bears the blower, like the Campions, and also round greyish Seed.

Double Wild Campions.

XII. The first oj-these (in cur jjLtuM ) is the Double Feathered Wild Campion, which in its Roots, Stalks, Branches, Leaves, flowers, Husks, and Seed, is like unto the Single Feathered Wild Campion · excepting only in two things, 1. That the blower] are very Double. 2. That the whole Plant in its magnitude and manner of growing is smaller and lower.

XIII. The second, or Red Batchelors Buttons has a thick large Root, white and long, with many Branches and Fibres springing from it h from whence come up many rough broad Leaves, somewhat woolly find hoary among which rise up long soft and hairy Stalks, branched into many Arms, two or three Feet high, or more, set with the like Leaves, but less : The Leaves groio at the Joints, two oppofite one to another, up to the top ; and from these Joints other Branches spring sorth, at top of every one of which flowers grow compared of a multitude of Leaves, and of a red color. Tfiefe Flowers are very double, composed of a great many red Leaves, very thickly packt or crouded together, and commonly set in a short or broken Husk, whereby the Flowers seem to ft and on one side ; but are not jagged, or cut in on the tops, as the Flowers of other Campions are, but altogether smooth. It is like in all its parts to the first Single Wild Campion as to its manner of growing, excepting that it is every ways less, and its Flowers are Red, and very Double.

XIV. The third, or White Batchelors Buttons : As the Leaves of the former Red Buttons were like unto the Leaves of the second Single Kind, with Red Flowers ; so the Leaves of this are like unto the Leaves of the first Single White Knid, and the whole Plant differs nothing from it, but in the Doubleness of the flowers ; nor very little from the Red Batchelors Buttons, but in the color of the same, these being wholly White; and so very Double, that by the multiplicity of Leaves being crouded together, they break the Husk in which the Flowers jland, as the other does, so that t)yere is not one Fiercer in a great many which is whole. Gerard says, That the fimilitude which these flowers ( both of Red and White ) have to the jagged Cloth Buttons, formerly worn in this Kingdom, gave occafwn to our Ladies, and other blonfts of those times, to give them the names which now they bear.


This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.

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