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00191

XV. The fourth, or Green Batchelors Buttons, have no difference from the two former in the Roots, Stalks, Branches, Leaves nor Seed, faving only in the Flowers, which in this are of a Greeniff color and sometimes through the midst of them they fend up Stalks, bearing also Tufts of the like Double Flowers.

XVI. The Places. Of these, the three first Single sorts grow for the most part in our Countrey Fields, by Hedge and Ditch sides in many parts of England. The fourth grows in many Corn Fields in Germany, but with us is nouriiht up in Gardens. The fifth, or White and Red Sea Campions grow by Hurft Caftle near the Ille of Wight, and in the said Iile in many places by the Sea side : They grow also by the Sea side in Lancashire at a place called Ly-tham, five Miles from Wigan, in which place grows rhat with Red Flowers also. Johnfon found it also growing in great plenty in the Marsh Grounds in Thanet, which lye direcFly oppofite to the Town of Sandwich : The Red has been found about a Mile from Southampton, and both of them chiefly in the Southern parts of England, on the moist Stony Banks by the Sea side. The fixth grows in several grounds by Colchefter, and in a Field called the Mi 11-field,behind the House of Sir Thomas Luc/% near Colchefter. The fevenrh is only nourilhed up in Gardens.

XVII. Of the Double Wild Campions, the first grows here only in Gardens. The second and third grow Wild in several places, but with us are chiefly Nursed up in Gardens, for the beauty of their Flowers fake. The fourth also grows in Gardens.

XVIII. The Times. They all Flower in the Summer Months of June, July and Auguj}, fome earlier than others, some later, and their Seed is ripe soon after.

XIX. The Qualities. They are all of them hot and dry in the second Degree : astringent and Alterative; and much of the nature of the Garden Kinds.

XX. The Specification. They have been found good to stop the Fluxions of Blood and Humors.

XXI. The Preparations. The same Preparations may be made of them which we have said to be made of the Garden Kinds in the former Chapter.

The Virtues.

XXII. Authors have said little of their Virtues, nor have we much to say of them by Experience the general use is for the beauty of the Garden, the Flowers being very beautiful in their Seasons. Parkinson says, that being Drying and astringent, the several Preparations ot them may be profitably applied to ttay the Fluxes of Blood and Humors in any parr, and thereby also conduce to the healing ot old and moist Running Sores and Ulcers.

XXIII. Gerard says, the Seed of Wild Campions being given to two drams (in pouder) and so drunk, that it purges Choler by Stool, and is good for them that are Bitten or Stung by any Venomous Creature.

phrafii, Armenus fius partus Vodcnci, Be/? rubrum Monfpehcnfium : In E/ig/ff, Citch-ftie, and Lime-wort: also by Gerard, Wild Williams.

II. The Kinds. Parkinson will have this Plant to be of the Kinds of Wild Lychnis, or Wijd Campion ; but Gerard says, they are of the Stock of Wild Pinks and Gillifiowers, and lb calls them also with the other names Wild Williams. Those which we shall handle in this Work are such as are ufual in England, viz. I. Mufcipula Lobclij, Lychnis Syl* vefiris prima Clufiij, five Ben-rubrum Monfpelienfium, The French Catch-fiie. 2. Lychnis Syiveftris latifolia Clufij, Mufcipula Cretica Auricula Urfi-facie, Catch-fiie of Candid. 2. Mufcipula five Vif-caria Lobclij, Vifcago Camerarij, Lychnis Sylvestris tenia Clufij, Gerard's first Catch-fiie, or Lime-wort. 4. Mufcipula anguft folia, Lychnis Sylvestris quart a Clufij, Narrow-leaVd, or German Catch-fiie.

CHAP. CXII. Of CATC H-F L I Ei

f' i v H ε Names. It is called in Greek by Tha-

X UdS, 'lr»K&uh\cy : by Others Αυχνα Ayaa, yhoi-

Άίί In Latin, Lychnis Silveftris Vifcoja, Mufcipula (■ quia mufcas capiunt ) Vifcaria, Stlene Theo-

III. The Descriptions. The first has a small Root, somewhat Fibrous, which perishes after it has given Seed, and afterwards rises again of its own Seed, if it is fuffered to fhed it self. If it fheds it self, it springs up in the latter end of the Tear for the most part, or elje in the Spring, with five or fix small Leaves, very like unto the Leaves of Pinks, and of the same Willow, or whitiff green color, but a little broader and short er. When it begins to fhoot up for Flower, it bears smaller Leaves on the Clammy or Vijcous Stalks, which Vifcofity is strong enough to hold any small thing or fiie which lights on it. These Leaves are broad at bottom, compajfing the Stalks and Branches, being set two at a Joint ^ one against another. The tops of the Stalks are diverfly branch-ed into several parts, every Branch having divers small red Flowers, not notched, but smooth, standing out of small, long, round, ft ript Husks, which after the Flowers are past, contain small, greyifb Seed. j This Parkinson accounts of the Species oj Campions, j being a pretty thing to furnifh and deck out, a Garden,


This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.

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